Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?

In this study, we compared self-ratings and informant ratings of personality as predictors of implicit motives, need for achievement (nAch), and need for affiliation (nAff). A total of 120 participants wrote creative stories to 5 images from the Picture Story Exercise (Smith, 1992) and completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Three well-acquainted informants rated each participant’s personality with the Big Five Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1999) and Saucier’s (1994) Mini-Markers. Consistent with the study hypotheses, peer ratings of Conscientiousness significantly predicted nAch scores after controlling for word count and self-rated Conscientiousness. Contrary to hypotheses, peer ratings and self-ratings in all 5 domains did not significantly predict nAff scores. The findings are considered in the interest of bridging the gap between trait and motive concepts in personality assessment.

Main Author: Daugherty, James R.
Other Authors: Kurtz, John E., Phebus, John B.
Language: English
Published: 2009
Online Access: http://ezproxy.villanova.edu/login?url=https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:177816
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dc_source_str_mv Journal of Personality Assessment 91 (4), 2009, 373-380.
author Daugherty, James R.
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Kurtz, John E.
Phebus, John B.
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Kurtz, John E.
Phebus, John B.
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Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
author-letter Daugherty, James R.
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author2 Kurtz, John E.
Phebus, John B.
author2Str Kurtz, John E.
Phebus, John B.
dc_title_str Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
title Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
title_short Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
title_full Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
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description In this study, we compared self-ratings and informant ratings of personality as predictors of implicit motives, need for achievement (nAch), and need for affiliation (nAff). A total of 120 participants wrote creative stories to 5 images from the Picture Story Exercise (Smith, 1992) and completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Three well-acquainted informants rated each participant’s personality with the Big Five Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1999) and Saucier’s (1994) Mini-Markers. Consistent with the study hypotheses, peer ratings of Conscientiousness significantly predicted nAch scores after controlling for word count and self-rated Conscientiousness. Contrary to hypotheses, peer ratings and self-ratings in all 5 domains did not significantly predict nAff scores. The findings are considered in the interest of bridging the gap between trait and motive concepts in personality assessment.
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dc.title Are Implicit Motives “Visible” to Well-Acquainted Others?
dc.creator Daugherty, James R.
Kurtz, John E.
Phebus, John B.
dc.description In this study, we compared self-ratings and informant ratings of personality as predictors of implicit motives, need for achievement (nAch), and need for affiliation (nAff). A total of 120 participants wrote creative stories to 5 images from the Picture Story Exercise (Smith, 1992) and completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Three well-acquainted informants rated each participant’s personality with the Big Five Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1999) and Saucier’s (1994) Mini-Markers. Consistent with the study hypotheses, peer ratings of Conscientiousness significantly predicted nAch scores after controlling for word count and self-rated Conscientiousness. Contrary to hypotheses, peer ratings and self-ratings in all 5 domains did not significantly predict nAff scores. The findings are considered in the interest of bridging the gap between trait and motive concepts in personality assessment.
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