Vortices in protoplanetary disks.

We use a high-order accuracy spectral code to carry out two-dimensional, time-dependent numerical simulations of vortices in accretion disks. In particular, we examine the stability and the lifetime of vortices in circumstellar disks around young stellar objects. The results show that cyclonic vortices dissipate quickly, while anticyclonic vortices can survive in the Now for hundreds of orbits. When more than one vortex is present, the anticyclonic vortices interact through vorticity waves and merge together to form larger vortices. The exponential decay time q of anticyclonic vortices is of the order of 30 60 orbital periods for a viscosity parameter aB10~4 (and it increases to qB315 for a\10~5), which is sufficiently long to allow heavy dust particles to rapidly concentrate in the core of anticyclonic vortices in protoplanetary disks. This dust concentration increases the local density of centimeter-sized grains, thereby favoring the formation of larger scale objects that are then capable of efficiently triggering a state of gravitational instability. The relatively long-lived vortices discussed here may therefore play a key role in the formation process of giant planets.

Main Author: Godon, Patrick.
Other Authors: Livio, Mario.
Language: English
Published: 1999
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dc_source_str_mv The Astrophysical Journal 523, September 20, 1999, 350-356.
author Godon, Patrick.
author_s Godon, Patrick.
spellingShingle Godon, Patrick.
Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
author-letter Godon, Patrick.
author_sort_str Godon, Patrick.
author2 Livio, Mario.
author2Str Livio, Mario.
dc_title_str Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title_short Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title_full Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title_fullStr Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title_full_unstemmed Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
collection_title_sort_str vortices in protoplanetary disks.
title_sort vortices in protoplanetary disks.
description We use a high-order accuracy spectral code to carry out two-dimensional, time-dependent numerical simulations of vortices in accretion disks. In particular, we examine the stability and the lifetime of vortices in circumstellar disks around young stellar objects. The results show that cyclonic vortices dissipate quickly, while anticyclonic vortices can survive in the Now for hundreds of orbits. When more than one vortex is present, the anticyclonic vortices interact through vorticity waves and merge together to form larger vortices. The exponential decay time q of anticyclonic vortices is of the order of 30 60 orbital periods for a viscosity parameter aB10~4 (and it increases to qB315 for a\10~5), which is sufficiently long to allow heavy dust particles to rapidly concentrate in the core of anticyclonic vortices in protoplanetary disks. This dust concentration increases the local density of centimeter-sized grains, thereby favoring the formation of larger scale objects that are then capable of efficiently triggering a state of gravitational instability. The relatively long-lived vortices discussed here may therefore play a key role in the formation process of giant planets.
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fgs.label Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
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dc.title Vortices in protoplanetary disks.
dc.creator Godon, Patrick.
Livio, Mario.
dc.description We use a high-order accuracy spectral code to carry out two-dimensional, time-dependent numerical simulations of vortices in accretion disks. In particular, we examine the stability and the lifetime of vortices in circumstellar disks around young stellar objects. The results show that cyclonic vortices dissipate quickly, while anticyclonic vortices can survive in the Now for hundreds of orbits. When more than one vortex is present, the anticyclonic vortices interact through vorticity waves and merge together to form larger vortices. The exponential decay time q of anticyclonic vortices is of the order of 30 60 orbital periods for a viscosity parameter aB10~4 (and it increases to qB315 for a\10~5), which is sufficiently long to allow heavy dust particles to rapidly concentrate in the core of anticyclonic vortices in protoplanetary disks. This dust concentration increases the local density of centimeter-sized grains, thereby favoring the formation of larger scale objects that are then capable of efficiently triggering a state of gravitational instability. The relatively long-lived vortices discussed here may therefore play a key role in the formation process of giant planets.
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dc.source The Astrophysical Journal 523, September 20, 1999, 350-356.
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