Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.

Patients with behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) have difficulties recognizing facial emotions, a deficit that may contribute to their impaired social skills. In three experiments, we investigated the FTD deficit in recognition of facial emotions, by comparing six patients with impaired social conduct, nine Alzheimer’s patients, and 10 age-matched healthy adults. Experiment 1 revealed that FTD patients were impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions. Experiment 2 replicated these findings when participants had to determine whether two faces were expressing the same or different emotions. Experiment 3 was a control study in which participants had to discriminate whether two faces were of the same sex. In this non-emotional processing task, both patient groups performed worse than normal participants, but FTD patients performed as well as Alzheimer’s patients. We conclude that FTD patients are impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions.

Main Author: Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
Other Authors: Black, Sandra E.
Format: Villanova Faculty Authorship
Language: English
Published: 2005
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author Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
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Black, Sandra E.
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Black, Sandra E.
author_s Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
spellingShingle Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
author-letter Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
author_sort_str Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
author2 Black, Sandra E.
author2Str Black, Sandra E.
dc_title_str Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title_short Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title_full Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title_fullStr Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title_full_unstemmed Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
collection_title_sort_str impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
title_sort impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
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description Patients with behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) have difficulties recognizing facial emotions, a deficit that may contribute to their impaired social skills. In three experiments, we investigated the FTD deficit in recognition of facial emotions, by comparing six patients with impaired social conduct, nine Alzheimer’s patients, and 10 age-matched healthy adults. Experiment 1 revealed that FTD patients were impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions. Experiment 2 replicated these findings when participants had to determine whether two faces were expressing the same or different emotions. Experiment 3 was a control study in which participants had to discriminate whether two faces were of the same sex. In this non-emotional processing task, both patient groups performed worse than normal participants, but FTD patients performed as well as Alzheimer’s patients. We conclude that FTD patients are impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions.
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dc.title Impaired recognition of negative facial emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia.
dc.creator Fernandez-Duque, Diego.
Black, Sandra E.
dc.description Patients with behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) have difficulties recognizing facial emotions, a deficit that may contribute to their impaired social skills. In three experiments, we investigated the FTD deficit in recognition of facial emotions, by comparing six patients with impaired social conduct, nine Alzheimer’s patients, and 10 age-matched healthy adults. Experiment 1 revealed that FTD patients were impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions. Experiment 2 replicated these findings when participants had to determine whether two faces were expressing the same or different emotions. Experiment 3 was a control study in which participants had to discriminate whether two faces were of the same sex. In this non-emotional processing task, both patient groups performed worse than normal participants, but FTD patients performed as well as Alzheimer’s patients. We conclude that FTD patients are impaired in the recognition of negative facial emotions.
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