Modeling Environmental Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

Many conflicts are enabled by environmental instability. This has been especially problematical in sub-Saharan Africa where non-sustainable practices and environmental change have combined with the proliferation of failing governments, enabling long-standing ethnic and religious antagonisms to erupt into violent conflicts. History has demonstrated that environmental stress can result in conflict, frequently along ethnic lines. Thus, the concept of environmental security has emerged as one basis for understanding conflict. To that end, this paper examines the nexus between the environment and conflict and demonstrates the need for careful environmental analysis by presenting a model illustrating the relationship between natural resources and political stability in Sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest that a statistically significant relationship exists between arable land and access to fresh water, and political stability and non-violence.

Main Author: Krawkowka, Amy R
Other Authors: Heimel, Natalie, Galgano, Francis A.
Language: English
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