Characterization of self-assembled monolayers from lithium dialkyldithiocarbamate salts.
We report the formation of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) onto gold substrates by exposure to lithium dialkyldithiocarbamate salts [(Li+(R2DTC-), where R)n-propyl, n-butyl, n-octyl, n-decyl, n-dodecyl, or n-octadecyl] in ethanol or methylene chloride. The crystallinity and composition of the monolayers were assessed by polarized modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), wettability was characterized by contact angles of water and hexadecane, thickness was measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry, and barrier properties determined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. While the shorter R2DTC-s formed monolayers with liquid-like packing, monolayers prepared from the longest R2DTC- (where R ) n-octadecyl) exhibit similar thickness, crystallinity, wettability, and capacitance as monolayers prepared from n-octadecanethiol. The hydrocarbon chains within the monolayers prepared from (C18)2DTC- are less canted on average than those prepared from n-octadecanethiol. Nonetheless, the (C18)2DTC- SAM exhibits an order of magnitude lower resistance against the penetration of redox probes, which is attributed to a higher density of pinhole defect sites.
|Main Author:||Weinstein, Randy.|
|Other Authors:||Richards, Joshua., Thai, Susan., Omiatek, Donna., Bessel, Carol., Faulkner, Christopher., Othman, Siti., Jennings, Kane.|