Solubilities of Cerium (IV), Terbium (III), and Iron (III) B-diketonates in supercritical carbon dioxide.

The solubilities of the cerium(IV), terbium(III), and iron(III) chelates of the anions of 2,2,7-trimethyl- 3,5-octanedionate, H(tod), 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-octanedionate, H(thd), and 2,4-pentanedionate, H(acac), were measured in supercritical carbon dioxide by near-infrared spectroscopy from 313 to 333 K and 10 to 35 MPa with a high-pressure optical cell. Solubilities increased in the order acac < thd < tod for all metal a-diketonates, with Ce(tod)4, Tb(tod)3, and Fe(tod)3 an order of magnitude more soluble than Ce- (thd)4, Tb(thd)3, and Fe(acac)3, respectively. For the larger metal ions, Ce4+ and Tb3+, the flexibility of the isobutyl group in the tod ligand creates a more lipophilic shell around the central metal ion, increasing the solubility of the chelate in CO2. These observations indicate that the isobutyl group is at least as CO2-philic as the tert-butyl moiety. The experimental solubilities were correlated using the model proposed by Chrastil

Main Author: Andersen, Wendy.
Other Authors: Sievers, Robert., Lagalante, Anthony., Bruno, Thomas.
Format: Villanova Faculty Authorship
Language: English
Published: 2001
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