The distribution of casework in the U.S. congress: An uneven burden.
Based on congressional casework data for the 95th Congress, this article utilizes the comparative politics literature on constituency service to generate and test a five part model to explain the uneven distribution of casework loads in the U.S. House and Senate. The overalle xplanatoryp ower of the model provest o be quite weak, suggesting that the distribution of casework may be largely idiosyncratic. Factors that have independent effects on casework in the House include: region (the East); constituents'a bilitiest o askf or assistance( education,c oncentrationo f governmente mployees in districts, and the percentage urban); and member salience and visibility (seniority). In the Senate, legislative activism, state population, and concentrations of the elderly are significantly related to case loads. Several implications are offered for staffing, electoralo utcomes,a nd congressionaol versight
|Main Author:||Johannes, John.|