Starspots on V711 Tauri (HR 1099).

Hα (λ6563) intermediate- and narrowband light curves of the RS CVn-type binary system V711 Tau (HR 1099) were obtained in 1977-1978 at Biruni Observatory and in 1977-1978 and late 1979 at Villanova Observatory, where a λ7790 light curve was also obtained in 1977-1978. The light curves are quasisinusoidal, with a period approximately equal to the spectroscopic period. A significant change in the λ6585 light curve occurred between the two observing seasons, with an increase in amplitude from 0.075 to 0.125 mag, a change of shape, and an advance in the phases of maximum and minimum light by 0.3 phase. Flaring activity in Hα was observed, on time scales from minutes to days. We fitted our light curves and V-band light curves obtained at the same time using the starspot model of Torres and Ferraz Mello. We the observed light variations are due to the synchronous rotation of spots on the heavier member of the binary system, which has been shown to be the chromospherically active star. The orbital inclination was assumed to be 35°. Radiant fluxes were taken from spectrophotometric tables. Owing to the broad wavelength coverage in 1977-1978, it was possible to determine the spot temperature to be ∼1800 K cooler than the photosphere, and hence to fix the spot area. A simple model with two circular spots of 26° radius at the same latitude, +48°, adequately reproduces the 1977-1978 light curves. The 1979 observations can be reproduced in detail by a model with two slightly larger circular spots of 31°.5 radius at latitude +15°. The spots cover about 14% of the total stellar surface in 1979. The fits also provide an explanation of the presence of an observed phase dependence in the Hα emission in 1979 but not in 1977-1978. There is a strong suggestion that a spot cycle is in progress in V711 Tau.

Main Author: Dorren, J. D.
Other Authors: Siah, M. J., Guinan, E. F., McCook, G. P.
Format: Villanova Faculty Authorship
Language: English
Published: 1980
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