T Cell Receptor/CD3 Negative Variants are unresponsive to Stimulation through the LY-6 Encoded Molecule, TAP.
TAP is a phosphatidylinositol-anchored Ly-6-encoded, glycoprotein that is involved in the activation of murine T-inducer cells. Anti-TAP antibodies can stimulate T cells directly and also synergize with Ag stimulation. To determine the relationship between TAP and TCR-mediated activation, we have derived TCR/CD3 loss variants of functional T hybrid clones. T-T hybrid variants that have lost TCR expression are not responsive to anti-TAP stimulation. Isolation and analysis of revertant clones, obtained from one of the TCR/CD3-negative mutant cell lines, demonstrate a concordant re-expression of the TCR/CD3 complex and responsiveness to anti-TAP stimulation. A similar loss of responsiveness to TAP stimulation is observed after antibody-induced modulation of the TCR/CD3 complex from the surface of T cell hybrids. In contrast, both the TCR/CD3 loss variants and TCR/CD3-modulated T-T hybrids remain fully responsive to stimulation with a calcium ionophore and phorbol esters. This structure-function correlation has been observed repeatedly in independent isolations of variants, and with TCR/CD3 modulated cells, from two different T-T hybridomas. Given the apparent functional interrelationship between TAP and the TCR/CD3 complex, we have also analyzed if these molecules were significantly associated on the T cell surface. Antibody-induced modulation of the TCR/CD3 complex does not affect the cell surface expression of TAP molecules. Moreover, the expression of these two sets of proteins is also independent as evidenced by the selective loss of either set of these proteins in the TCR/CD3 expression mutants.
|Main Author:||Bamezai, Anil.|
|Other Authors:||Reiser, Hans., Rock, Kenneth L.|