Interference mitigation in spread spectrum communication systems using time-frequency distributions.

The capability of the time-frequency distributions (TFD’s) to properly represent a single as well as multiple component signals in time and frequency permits the application of a new approach for interference excision in spread spectrum communication systems. In this paper, the instantaneous frequency (IF) estimate from the TFD is used to construct a finite impulse response filter that reduces the interference power with a minimum possible distortion of the desired signal. The proposed technique is therefore a case of open-loop adaptive filtering. Three- and five-coefficient zero-phase excision filters are considered. Closed-form expressions of the improvement of SNR at the receiver correlator output using the TFD-based adaptive filtering are derived for two extreme cases of timevarying interferers, namely, those of fixed frequency sinusoids and randomly changing instantaneous frequencies. Simulation results including the bit error rates are presented for both swept and frequency hopping jammers.

Main Author: Amin, Moeness G.
Language: English
Published: 1997
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