Blind source separation based on time-frequency signal representations.

Blind source separation consists of recovering a set of signals of which only instantaneous linear mixtures are observed. Thus far, this problem has been solved using statistical information available on the source signals. This paper introduces a new blind source separation approach exploiting the difference in the time-frequency (t-f) signatures of the sources to be separated. The approach is based on the diagonalization of a combined set of "spatial t-f distributions." In contrast to existing techniques, the proposed approach allows the separation of Gaussian sources with identical spectral shape but with different t-f localization properties. The effects of spreading the noise power while localizing the source energy in the t-f domain amounts to increasing the robustness of the proposed approach with respect to noise and, hence, improved performance. Asymptotic performance analysis and numerical simulations are provided.

Main Author: Belouchrani, Adel.
Other Authors: Amin, Moeness G.
Language: English
Published: 1998
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