A novel approach for moving multi-target localization using dual frequency radars and time-frequency distributions.

Accurate range estimation and tracking of moving targets is an important task in urban sensing applications. A dual-frequency radar, which estimates the range of a target based on the phase difference between two closely spaced frequencies, has been shown to be a cost-effective approach to accomplish both range-to-motion estimation and tracking. This approach, however, suffers from two drawbacks: it cannot deal with multiple moving targets, and has poor performance in noisy environments. To overcome these drawbacks, we propose, in this paper, the use of timefrequency signal representations. High signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is obtained by focusing on the moving target instantaneous Doppler frequency law provided by the power localization properties of time-frequency distributions. The case of multiple moving targets is handled by separating the different Doppler signatures prior to phase estimation.

Main Author: Zhang, Yimin.
Other Authors: Amin, Moeness., Ahmad, Fauzia.
Format: Villanova Faculty Authorship
Language: English
Published: 2007
Online Access: http://ezproxy.villanova.edu/login?url=https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:173084