Tun CEli1”l‘ENNliAL‘REGQRD. s
The Battle of Bunker. Hill.
an rms-r nus.)
At til‘; time, while the Centennial year of the
great American Ilepublie is yet in its infancy, we
are sure nothing can be more appropriate than to
glance at one of the ilrst struggles for liberty-
the Battle of Bunker Hill. > The engraving on our
lrst page is taken from a painting by Col. John
Colonel Trumbull was anartlst of great fame
and renown, and served upon General Washing-
ton’s staff during the Bcvolntionary War. The
painting was executed noon after the battle, and
is well known to be the most correct of anything
sf the kind. The time chosen by the artist is the
fall of the gallant Warren." Ool. Trumbull was the
most renpwued historical painter of his day.
The British armyin Boston was increased in
Hay, 1715, to 10,000 men. by reinforcements from
'England‘ and Ireland, commanded by Generals
, Howe, Clinton, and Burgoyne.‘ On the llth of
June, Gage issued a proclamation odering pardon
to all who would abandon the cause of the colo-
nies, except Samuel Adams and John Hancock,
. who won declared outlaws. --- .-
. Their omcers, however, were men who
' The American army, though larger than that of
the enemy, was poorly equipped and disciplined.
' had seen
service. .Art-emas Ward, of Massachusetts, held
- the chief command.
On the leth of June, it was ascertained that
Gen. Gage intended to seize and fortify Bunker
Hill. At nine o'clock at night, Colonel Prescott
was dispatched n-om Cambridge with a thousand
men to anticipate the movement.
mistaking Bresd’s Hill for Bunker’s in the dark-
nsl a,‘ they commence themselves on
the former eminence, which was nearer to Boston
. and more exposed to the dre of the British ships.
, through the night.
The name of Bunker Hill, however, is universally
given to the engagement thatfollowad. -
The men worked with the utmost diligence, and
so nolaolessly thatrthey were not discovered till
dawn, either by the ships, or the British sentinels
on Copp‘s Hill, Boston, whose-
!‘All’a well!" they distinctly heard at intervals
The surprise of the British maybe imagined,
when, at daybreak on the 11th, they beheld a,
‘ strong intronchment, sir. feet high, commanding
their camp. A strong battery planted there would
force them to evacuate the city.
Gage called a council of war, and it was agreed
that the Americans must be driven from their po-
eidou. Three thousand veterans were detached
for this duty, under Generals Howe and Pigol.
The Americans cease-.1 bring as they saw their
an snies land at llorton‘s Point, and hclsted the d
lag of New Euglags ' [ ee dag iin frontisplcce.]
They were but l,6 0 lunumber, deficient in s
ssuniticn, exhausted by labor. and sufering from V
Generals Putnam and Warren had now joined
’&sir ranks. The latter, though only 35 years of
' ' ed no less as a physician than
hunger and thirst; yet they were sustained by an
rit. ' - ‘
eomman as his superior oflicer;
plied that he had come to learn, and, borrowing a
musket, served bravely as a priva .
At three o‘clock, the British ships and hatteries
poured in a terrible tire on the rsdoubt. The drst
he, "and he is the last that will be buried to-day.
To yourposts, my gallant follows, and let every
man do his duty.” ' ' l
d every man did his duty.
The British troops moved slowly in perfect or-
derupthehilh. , . ‘r
The Americans awaited their approach in si-
lence. They had been ordered to reserve their
dre till they.saw the whites of the enemies‘ eyes,
and Gen. Putnam sided in restraining their impa-
ticnce. ’ ' a
paint, Prescott waved his sword ad
and Fun -A deadly discharge was
poured upon the advancing columns. Platoon
s opt we; the raukswero
the survivors hastily retired. They
on ll :3.
he Americans lay perfectly quiet, till the
euem! were within ten rods of the'redoubt. Again
they swept do-ru cdicsrs and men, and again the
British veterans retreated. . .
‘jaen. ' new crossed with l,0m) fresh
troops. It was resolved to make another attack,
though some of the odicers declared that it was
leading their man to certain death.
‘After a few moments’ rest, during which, in the
(ace of s destructive lire, s small party or Ameri-
cana crossed Charleston Neck and joined their
countrymen, the British troops a third time com-
menced the ascent. ’ ‘c v > I - . -
The patriots, as before, poured in a gsliing lire;
‘ . they shot down a number of odours, and wounded
' lows himself. Uufortunstelyzhewrrsr, nus; sq. ‘
“ of upright cases with
.When the British had reached the prescn“bed 3’
above his he
munition gave out. The British rushed up to the
parapet, and, as they mounted it, were received
with stones and clubbed muskots. Resistance be-
ing hopeless, Prescott ordered a retreat. He him-
self and Warren were the last to leave the redoubt.
The latter, having done good service, was about
to join his companions, when he received a musket-
ball in the head and was instantly killed. In him
America lost one of her truest blends. The Brit-
ish general, on hearing of his fall, said it was
worth that of 500 ordinary rebels. ' > >
‘The retreat of the provincials was bravely cov.
ered by detachments of their countrymen who had
occupied a position in the rear during the engage-
ment. . v p
Evening found them safely onoamped at Pros-
pect Hill, a mils from the battle groun They
had lost ill killed, :05 wounded, and and 32
s. - v , 9
On the British side no were killed, 818 wound-
ed and missing. The battle had taken place in
sight of the whole people of Boston. The mo
and steoplos, as well as the surrounding hills, were
filled with anxious women and children, whose
destinies depended on the issue of the day. The
Americans liadtho decided advantage, though the
British, remasnang masters of the hold, claimed w
'l'h'o Educational Exhibit at the Gen-
Hr. John L. Campbell, Secretary of the Centen.
mal Commission, has sent to all the State Centen-
nial Boards a letter stating that, in additloutcthe
provision for the Educational Department in the
Main Building, where the illustration of the sys.
tem 0! education in the United Slates will be ex-
hibited, it is very desirable that -one or more
school-houses should be erected and fully equip-
cd alter the most approved models. The school-
house which is now being erected on the Ceni:en- ‘
nial grounds by the Government of Bwedon is th
only one in the course of erection. ‘ n
The State Boards are asked to providetho means 0
for the erection of additional school buildings to
illustrate the educational system of the several
t v .
Exclusive of a college or university, the system
can be satisfactorily represented by these build-
in ‘ -
s : r
glst. The Kindergarten 20 by 26 fact, one story
lnhelght. - , - ‘ " >
2d. The Common School House, 20 by so fast,‘
two stories height. 7 ‘ - ' V - V ,;
d. Thehcity school House, so by ID feet, two
ht. ' ’
exceed ti5,I)0o, and an additional sum of 85 00
would provide for all expenses incident to their
maintenance. The furniture and apparatus can
undoubtedly be aecursdfrom msnulsctnrers an
ealersi Professor Cauapbcll then go’es cu to‘ ask
the views of the boards as to the undertaking, and
also what amount they will contribute. .
There has been reserved for the Department of
Education desirable and ample space in the centre
of the Main Building, over the north entrance.
Owing to the great demand in all departments of
the exhibition, space must be utilized in the most
economical manner, an s end it will be
necessary to place maps and charts on rollers in
. front of the shelving and upright asses. The il-
“' lustrations, drawings, students’ work, etc., eto.,
must be exhibited in portfolios. In order tomake
deduite allotments of space, information is asked
taiuing illustrations, interior views, exterior views,
drawings, students’ work, etc ' 3 the number
and size of models of bull '
5th, the num
the character of the display proposed, and the
immediatelyif memo does not purpose to be
represented - .
V Let the Old Ball Ring. ’ ‘
Em-l-ox:-Upon the tables, chairs, paint-
snd other relics gathered within the walls of
silence from its ancient live cak beams that this
vensratiou reaches a c ’ a only words
which llttingly describe the emotion depicted on
every face, are "a lacing owe." Gentlemen raise
their hats and ladies bow their heads, while often
and often tcsrs come to their eyes. I have stood
an hour at a time curious]
turn away :
"Oh! how I would like to hear it ring 1':
' of these thousands,
feature of the Centennial oolebrstion equal to it
in poetical sublimity. Let the dear old bell be re-
moved from the obscure corner into which it is
now thrust, and let it be mounted upon a platform ,1
in the middle of Indepcnoe Square, properly rail-
ed ln and covered. d then, on next Fourth of
July, as llr. Seybert’s new bell the hour of
noon, let the President of the United States ring
the old bell. . .
lat us, the children of the heroes of l!1$ inn
e aggregate cost of these buildings need not m
Secretary ,7, ma
exaggerated. Eight out of ten remark as they 0
its iron tongue welcoming the whole world to the
National celebration of peace and prosperity. That
pssan could come from no otter bell than the bell
whose voice one hundred years ago rang out the
prophmy-"America shall be free.”
Centennial Pigeon Shooting.
V An International Pigeon Shooting Tournament
will be held it sucolr ms, Philadelphia,
uly. The contests will be open to all profession-
British Provinces. The tournsmentwilllast three,
perhaps four, days. On the drst day there will be
an ternstional Allcomers’ Match for the chem-
pionship of the world, at dfty birds each, English
rules, for a gold medal and s. purse 01 $1,000,
which will he divided into four parts. On the sec-
d medal will be ollered end a purse of
1500. ,'l‘his will he followed by an All America
Gentleman's Sweepstakes, $50 each, with 5500 ad-
ded, to be divided into drst, seoon third
fourth moneys, each contestant to shoot at dfty
birds, Long Island Gun Club rules to govern. '
Canacla’s Centennial C ....
The 0 din Centennial Commissioners report
their work in a forward and satisfactory condition.
swick will contribute a column of polish-
ed red granite, sixteen feet high by three and a
half feet in diameter, raised on a base of ro
The itlsnltobia collection,
which consists principally of agricultural products
ly all the specimens from Brit‘
With reference to the exhibition of
commission will pay the
9 taking, damages, ao-
Probabiy the steamer Lady ldesdwill
employed and the steamer retained as a boarding
house, thus saving vast expense.
‘Machinery Hall. 3
The work of alloting the inset: tor the exhibits of
binary Hall has been
eastern section of the budding. D! co
exhibitor may Ital J . The "allot e.
the present case is the auotxuent o the entire space to
be occupied by each country. ,
Of his ocments thus far made, Great Britain has
much the larger share, oocnpylng sl,1so square lost, of
which 1400-square feel are in the department for she
hydraulic machinery. '
spaces so far as allotted I
German’. 10.751 square feet France, lo,l3D square
feet; Belgium, Balosqusra feet; Canada, two square
fee: ; Spain, 2145 square feet; Bussln lone square feet;
Austria, 153$ square feet -
Germany as also allotted in the Department
for Ilydrsullo micnlnery no teet, which was induced
in the above snowmen ' - t
root tulrs occupies the entire space tom the
north avenue to the southern side of this building. and
is separated by a single eeczlon mom she ess
trance. ' The section nearest the
and extending across the building from
6011- south, is occupied. beginning at the north, by Spain,
France, Canada, Germany. and Austria respectively.
Bnull and Russia are between the north avenue and
e bl ls novel so complete on There
ur es 0 columns the entlrelon
the bulldlnlrl. each line is designated byalctier
of the alphabet. All columns are numbe :1
packages are unload
near the umber and letter correspond
with those on the package. The space to occupied
tor is also numbered. the numbers corres-
ti trucks have already be
test their adaptability tothe requirements of no
‘ The boilers for the large llorllea engine, which will
supply the motive power for the machine , ave begun
arrive, and are lying in Machinery Hall awaiting
completion ol the boiler house now buudlng. Por-
ns of the engine Itself have also arrived. and the
work of preparing the foundations is joint rapidly
forward. ’ '
> The Exhibition. '
The Commissioners tram Germany to the Ucumsnlal
Exhibition are as follows- ’ .
no Prussian Actual Privy Superior
Government Counsellor and ldinlsterlallllrecto Presi-
dent; mus yal v Government
ouusellor and Counsellor In the Ministry of com-
crce; Dr. e ding, y isn Counsellor of
nes ; Mr ltllsr, yal ll vsrlius Counsellor of
gsuon; Mr. Von Nosllls Wall ts. Royal sores in
voy Exuaox cry and lnlsterflenipotentln ;E on
Vonspilsomborg, y Wurtemborg Envoy Extraordi-
Inn Counsellor or Commerce -
empire I Berna Vua Zedllts, Royal Prussian Provincial
alpigeon shoctersinhlnglancl, America and the four xbloltors.
fancy articles peculiar to Germany. '
olden , the.
convey the goods for exhibition on Ealllax and
St. John to Philadalp ‘ where the crew will be SW‘-D‘
5 proposes that the American
square feet: Sweden, nus square I
hold the collegiate race at t
The number of exhibitors will be 1,031.
collective exnlnne-that Is, a
men: establishment In Bel‘
articles to no exhibited are pruusmy the locomotive and
other engines, of which several will be aunt. Of Stone,
cement, lithographic stones, &c., more will be twenty-
rom the nelghborhoodol the Sis:
more will be a collective exhibit. or chemical prod-
ucts there will be no less than forty exhibits, among
the most fanxular or which so Amorvaaus will be the
110 n Factory. 0! furniture and househol
goods there wlllbe 80 exhibitors. 01 books, lithographic
prints, photographs, 112., are will be a large collec-
tion, 136 firms contributing, including the most cele-
hrsted publishing houses
the machinery department there will be H corn
pe o Wines wlu be shown by I1 producers in
great variety. ' vvlll ave I
hibltors, ond steel s hardw
chine makers will send specimens. Leatherjzas 1! ex-
hibitors ; tobacco and cigars, 15 ; hops, beer, ta, re.
faotures. or cot n and mixed 'goo<‘
beautiful collection from Glsdbsoh. ll exhibitors. There
w clocks, watches, to, and
. .........j ;,
-f 1 ‘Aquatic Sports. ‘ 3
. news Life In London, has run following resisrxs on
aquatic mau.ers-- , - t A ;
-rss uxwxssxrzxsl cxauxxol ro now 1:: arsxxloa.
“Lu order that any of the English universities may
e invitation to oonlesr in th
will prolong the Hay IBl'1l.I’ll oxford and (lasnbrldgo,
which will, probably, delay the annual Eeuley regatta
until about the middle of June. s . - l
- ‘ rul rassaxr aansslemrxx-r. 5
race will be rowed on the
nth of July. The English zsoniversines will thus have
bridge or Dubun should decide to psrtlclpate In the
erlc race. q to oe aln that the men se-
lected for that contest would be unable to row at Eso-
loy-ou-Thames. . i - , v i.
. . , a sauna snsronrmls V 7 i
could not befall our own aquatic cervlnal, and no pun
lsh rowing mun would consent to it. not our univer-
slnlea my take part in the international collegiate
ace, and so the international regatta at Philadelphia,
is the wish of the whole country, no it will be Ileces.
sary for our friends across the Athtrlrlc in dx a labor
‘run INTILKATIOIIAL nasal-rs sr rsruumrdu
is fixed for the end ut August n my
that England will be represented there by two or three
crews, independently of the u
can of in e the lnvl tlou from the New
York Regatta nilttee reached England All three of
th universities hsd separated for the Christmas vaca-
be will be, but, as at present dxed,it will be impossible for
the universities toaocept the invitation."
Farmers and the Centennial.
The following rules and information for the gold.
ance of exhibitors have been issued by the Superin-
nnwobfscts for exhibition will he admlttedlto the
Agricultural building on and after the lib of January,
e. w u
oebt i'n‘llLI mrl
icies. and live stock, snustbeiocateu
previous to April ls, lxu. - <
oond.-Fruits will be admitted in their season.
hlodcls lu plaster 0! WAX in-‘I! DO substituted 1'0! Hopi.
cal fruits. ‘ .
nlro-vegetables and other perishable products um
also be admitted in their season.
airy products will be admitted on Wednes-
day of each week, during the period of the Exhibit
tlon. , , . .
International Sports. . '
At ameeting of the English National Bids Aug.
elation it'was rsselved that the association should
accept the invitation of the National Assocwjon
at New York to organize a team to represent the
United Kingdom in a match for the championship
of the world, provided that no independent team,
sent from England, Scotland or Xrelsnd be includ.
‘ ed in the match.
oncsarnoz awn -ran srassass ossensv. ,
Cambridge will not decide its connection with
the American Centennial Rowing Regatta sum
the general assembly of the students takes place
when the matter will be considered by the captain;
of the various boat clubs. .
Koo. Benjamin lloran, U. 3. Iiaister torPortu.
rho of uapsaam-mu lvrssaay In
gal, writes that Portugal will e w 11 spun...
at the ltsblssalon. . I 1