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FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
Dime Novel and Popular Literature
The New World
The New World, Quarto Edition, v. II, no. 20, Whole Number 50, Saturday, May 15, 1841.
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The New World, Quarto Edition, v. II, no. 20, Whole Number 50, Saturday, May 15, 1841.
Benjamin, Park, 1809-1864.
14 February 2017
New York : J. Winchester
Dime Novels and Popular Literature
l I r -. y. ) PARK BENJAMIN, ‘EDI'.l‘0R‘." Qvanro EDITION.‘ Vowiun II....No. 20. ] dltoitz ililerature. t BRITISH ORATORS. No. rf...Lot$cHA1‘11aiti. When we consider that the critiques upon our great po- , ate and poetry are both numerous and able, it is somewhat surprising that so little should have been written upon their younger brethren and companions-upon British Craters and Eloquence. Although, since the invention of that mighty master-work, printing, oratory has ceased to be the sole means of directing or embodying public opinion, yet the influence of this great and popular power in our own country, owing to the peculiar form of our government, is scarcely less than it was during the Demosthenean era at .Athens. ' -- ‘ Many of the speeches of British orators may well chal- lenge comparison with the masterpieces of antiquity. In rhythm and cortipactness of diction, it is true, that they may not be equal ; but this defect (of our language, rather than our orators,) is more than compensated by greatre closeness of argumentation, by more extended views, by more profound and varied knowledge, not of human nature and human kind alone, but of all that is glorious and sali- : lime in the truths which science has discovered, and reve- lation unfolded. Nowhere have the true principles of en- lightened and profound policy been more clearly stated or better illustrated. or more Eagaciously “PlJlied to passing vents-nowhere have the absurdity and ruinous tendency of ne various schemes with which designing men have deluded ‘hennthinking multitude, been exposed with greater ability than in the debates of the British senate. The wide egrten. ‘ sion of political privileges, and still more the irrefragablg Power of public opinion among all ranks of people in this country, render the diffusion of a knowledge of political philosophy especially desirable ; for, as Lord Brougham well observes,’ “it is immeasurably important in countries living under a free government that those whom the consti. tution recognize as sharers, more or less directly, in the su. premq power,should have a correct knowledge of the slate - of their own affairs, and Iht: principles upon which their rights and interests depend." , - . This knowledge, or, at least, a very considerable portion ofir, can hardly fail to be acquired by hint who studies the . best speeches of the orators of Great Britain. Among the more eminent of these, Lord Chatham,will ever stand con- spicuous. ‘ ’ i ' ‘ Many of his earlier speeches, unfortunately, have shared the fate of those of his great predecessors, Somers, Boling- broke, Walpole, Chestorheld, Murray, and Fox: The names of these great men are, indeed, recorded by history, in the list of orator-st; but of their speeches there remains at best but a mere outline of arguments; liuttho vivid imagery, the keen cutlingsarcasm, the copious and elegant diction, are , irretrievably lost; whilst the lucubrotions of writers (then ironically called reporters) are substituted in ‘their stead. A‘ Happily, however, many of Lord Cli:itham‘s Inter epeeclii-s. ‘ - particularly those on e merican question, have bent i pleserved to‘ us, in all their fulness and grandeur, with more than usual accuracy, by the Earl of Charlemont and others, who took a deep interest in the debates at’ that critical pn- IIO ‘ ‘ Like Demosthenes (who is said to have been his great model,) the peculiar excellence of Lord Chatham‘s style consisted in pointed and impassioned energy. Beautiful examples of metaphor, hyperbole, and apostrophe. are to be , found, gracing his eloquence and enforcina his argument; > yet, his forte lies not so much in these, as in clear and con- vincing exposition ofwhat he deemed it] be jl15l,PD1lCY; "1 overwhelming invective hurled, as will 3 Emu! hand. against opponents; and, in the most thrilling and touching appeals to the noblest feelings of our nature. .IIuw grand- 'how heart-stirring is the following burst’ afindignnm 910’ ‘ queue: in reply to Lord Mansfieltfs vindication ofth-2 con- - > , duct of the Commons In the expulsion of the celebrated Mr. ‘Wilkes. January 9th. 1770 :- . “ The Noble Lard assures us that he knows not in what Code the'law of Parliament is to be found; ‘hm ‘he HOW"- 'ndges.have rtovlawtti direct ‘hem. but their own wisdom; that their decision is low; and if they determine wrong, the 5“l’.l9" h" "9 “PFC” bul ‘O YIEIVBII. Xvhat then, my Lords, are all the generous ef-. forts of our ancestors; are all those gl0rl0l.lB contentions. by which they meant to secure to themselves and to transmit A to their posterity, a known law, a certainrllle aflivtng ; re- ‘ ’ duced to the conclusion that, instead of the arbitrary power ' of a king, we must have the arbitrary power 0 H ,W=‘e Commons‘! If this be true, what benefit do we derive from the exchange’! Tyranny, my Lords, is detestable in every 5‘. ' shape; but in none is it so formidable as when it is assumed and exercised by a number of tyrants. But," my Lords. ‘ill’ a not the fact; this is not the constitution; we have a law ofParliament; we have a code in which every holleslmin - Political l‘hiIo-t<7phy,by the main: Kppwladge Eocie'Iy,‘No.l,p.7.5 . -i . “ No pent"-inn lltita tatttratt NEW-YORK. SATURDAY. MAY 15. 1841. may find it. We ham Magna Charta; we have the Statute Book, and the Bill of Right.” The whole passage is worthy, not only of the disciple, but of the original-of the master himsel . truth of the observation, that “tyranny is never so formidable as when exercised bya ri:-zmber of tyrants," our knowledge of hu- man nature, and the veritable record of history, have over pan over again palpably demonstrate . One of the boldest and most strikingmelaphors that Lord Chtttham ever used, occurs in this speech. The mention of Mngna Charla led him to exhort their lordships not to de- generate from the glorious example of those “ iron barons," by whose exertions that great bulwark of our liberties was secured. . ‘ - “ They were,“ says he, “ the guardians of the people : yet their virtues, my Lords, were never engaged in a question of so much importance as the present. A breach has been made in the constitution; the bnttlcmenls are distnaritled; the citadelis cpett to the first invader; the walls letter; the conslittttioti is not tenable; what remains, then, but for us to stand foremost in the breach-to repair it, or to per- ish in it.” The energy and vividness imparted to his manly senti- ments by this appropriate metaphor, exemplify Cicero‘s (ll)- srrvnlion, “ that the most striking metapliars are Ihose taken from the sense ofsiglit." In his speech, on the third reading: ofthe bill for quarter- ing soldiers in America, Lord Chatliam depicts, in lively colors, the,stern resolution which animated the firstsettlers in America, and shows the folly of cxpecting the descend- ants of such men tamely to surrender their inalienable rights For generous sentiments,‘ expressed in language at once forcible, ornate, copious, without harshness or super- fluity, itwill bear a comparison with the passage which im- mediately ]JI’l‘t‘Plll'8 the celebrated oath in Demos. em-s‘ masterpiece-his oration on the crown. . “ If we take atrnnsient view of those motives which in- duced the ancestors of our fellow-siihiecta in America to leave their native country, to encountvr the innumerable difficulties of the unexplored regions of the ‘Veslern VVorltl, our aslonislimrnt at the present conduct of their descend- ants will subside. There was no corner of the world into which men oftliizir free and enterprising spirit would not fly with alzcrity, rrithPr than submit to the slavish and tyr- annical principles which prevailed at that period in their native country. And shall we wonder, my Lords, if the descendants of such illustrious characters F urn with con- tempt the hand of unconstitutional powert at would snatch from them such dear-bought privileges as they now con- tend fort” < r , . st Ti; yap nrrlzr tiytdtrtltfo my itrapoy ntztvuw 711; rpm; oi an m xwpttv km 7111! main irinmy miprirnv (ti rn; -,n,,.r.; ipt5tIvn'; trip rm: 7] 7. xrhvopcvov mm... m pull [return nn,.trnnim.mn otpigrarirn orpnrttzor tiopmi, ray .1 drarauctit anpmapim mi, ttrirnrroptvar; hnpaiioy KarlXl3umtltIri:;, ...; pm. aurov ma ill at yuvnirt; at tpmpni my pm... ...,,.,,, u Witt.-m Di i'nr't15t7vatototI7: pqropn oar: crpnfnyuv at mi aanitmrm ttinvxwi‘ air and: (nu r.,=.m if [H] ,.n' .ii..s.,nn; rfznrtu -rnura m..m:' ‘ v “Who can reflect, without astonisliment, upon the mnp. nanimity ofthosc who resigned their lands, gave up their city, and embarked in their ships, to avoid the odious sfnte of subjection 1 Who chose Theniintocli-s, the adviser oftliis conduct, to command their forces; rind when Cry.-this pm. posgd that they should yield to the terms prescribed, how they stoned him to death‘! Nay, the public indignation was not yet allayed. Your very wives inflicted the same ven- geance on his wife. For, the Athenians of that daylookcd for no speaker,‘ no general, to proctire them a state of pros- perous slavery. They had the spirit to ITJCEI even life, no- les they were allowed to enjoy it in teedom." ‘ Although. as we have already observed, pathos does not constitute the characteristic excellence of Lord Chatham‘s oratory, his entrraty that their lordship! would “ proceed,” with regard to the Americans, “ like a kind and affection- ate parent towards a child whom he tenderly loves; and, instead of harsh and severe ]Jl‘0C9l’Llll1g9r P388 an amnesty on all their youthful errors, and clasp ‘them once mo" ;,. their fond and affectionate embrace,” is touching and pa- thetic in the extreme. , ' .' His speech, on movinggan amfndmenl.to the address, (Now. is, 1777,) after upressinn.his,hearty,concurrence in the first part of the address, and his smcrre toy on the birth of another princess, and her m8]t'5ly'B happy recovery, thus sternly prone s:- ‘ , , ,- - , “ I must stop here ; my courtly complaisance will carry me no further: I will notjoin in GQIIEY-‘llllallon otrmisfortttne and disgrace; [cannot concur in a blind servile address, which approves, and endeavors to sancttfy, the monstrous measures which have heaped disgrace and misfortune upon as-which have brought ruin to our doors. ’ ‘ This, my Lords, is a perilous and tremendous moment! all is not a lime for adulation.‘ The smnathn9S8 of flattery cannot now avail-cannot save us in this rugged and awful crisis. It is now necessary to instruct the Throne in the language of truth we must dispel the delusion and the darkness reatiu De Orntoro. Di-iqno the lhird, chip. to. O i 5 our ttanternf lithe mliale nnbonnbeh Qfontittent in ours! " OFFICE so ‘ANN STREET. ta rsnannum. . ' “Inou Noun-:ii 50. which envelope it; and display, in its full danger and true colors,‘the ruin that is brought to our doors." - Having by this gloomy picture gained, the first object of every orator, the attention of his audience, Lord Chathnm Paulcd upon “the confounded ministers“ a torrent of in- "eF“V!, denouncing their measures as “having reduced lhlS‘laIe tiounsliing empire to ruin and contempt ;" and de- d"‘"3 his dirt? rooted conviction, ‘- that to conquer Amflflca W35 ;ItIpossible." Warmed by his subject, and entering fully into the lacerated feelings of the Americans, he broke forth into that burst of glowing eloquence, which 1-”f“"B,II (himself no mean orator,) thought finer than any ’l“"5,' In Demosthenes. “ If I were an American, as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country, Inever would lay down my arms-never, never, never! ” The following sublime, reply, in this truly magnificent 3P5fClt,.!t) Lord Stiffollt’s vindication of the employment of Indians in the war, on the mind, " that it is perfectly jus- tlfiable to use all the means which God and nature have Pllt into our hands,“ is worthy of all praise, and may well ay claim to the same position in English, as the oath of Demosthenes will ever hold in Grecian oratory. . “ These abominable principles, and this more abominable uvowal of them, demand the must tli-ciirive indignation. Icall upon that Right Reverend Bench, those holy minio- -ters of the g0-=Pf‘lr Mid pious pastors of our church; I don- Jute them to your the holy work, and vindicate the religi it of their God: Iappeal to the wisdom and the law of fill! learned bench, to defend and support the justice of [hair country: I call upon the bishops to interpose the unsui- ped sanctity of their lawn ;-upon the learned jpdgu to interpose the purity of their ermine, to save as from this pollution ;-I call tipon the honor of your lordships, to‘ reverence the dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain your own. . call upon the spirit and humanity of my country, to vindicate the national cliiiracterr I invoke the genius of the cnnentution. From the ta eelry that adorns these Walls, the -immortal ancestor, c this noble lord frowns with lndlEl1lIIOI1 at the disgrace of his coun- "Y- in van heled your victorious fleet against the boasted V . irt; in vain he defended and established Ilia honor, the lll.t?fItEB,.ll1e religion-the Protestant religion- of this country against the arbitrary criieltiay of popery and ‘lite-ll1ql]‘lKlfi0ll, if these more titan popiah cfugltieg and inquisitorial practices are let loose amongst us; to turn forth into our settlements, among our ancient connections, ("Mast and relations, the merciless cannibal. thirsting for the blood of man, woman, and child! to send forth the in- dd “Vast-against whomt ngalnfv! your Protestant breth- ren; to lay Waste their country, to desolate their dwellings, and utirpate tliein race and name with these horrible hell- hotmds of savage‘vrar !-hell-hounds, I say, of savage war." -' llovr solemn is the adjuration of the highest dignitiee in Church and State, “ to save their country from pollution." The frowning of the glorious conimtinder of that fleet, which triumphed over the Armada, and preserved England from superstition and slavery, is it Egure truly bold and poetical; and the terrible picture of the horrors of savage war, makes the blood almost curdle in one’: veins. i Wvill might one of our finest poets say, of this consummate 0l'3lDf'1 - “ In him Demosthenes was heard again, - Liberty taught him her Athenian strain, , She clothrd h.im.wi‘th authority and awe, Spoke from his lips, and in his looks gave lawx Ilis speech, his form, his action, full of grace, ‘ And all his country beaming in his face ; He stood as some inimitable hand’ Would strive to make a Paul or Tully stand. No sycophant or slave that dare oppose Her sacred cause, but trembled when he rose; And eyery v enal atickler for the yoke, - Felt himself crushed at the first word he epolte." . . Cowvnn‘: Tablt,T""" . WE‘i)DING .Dniis. av LEI!-3-ll-HUNT-i .. , 2 T i ' We had hoped to annex to mg, fnll‘oWi7IEiTEl'I1dl’lts on Wedding Days, like so e exqtli-‘ll’ ' "Inge lo the bridal garment, a whole heap 0 beautiful ptilges out of Epitha-’ largiupin, or Wedding Songs-v:o::‘t;r::Eo!Iha:lv:e‘could not ca t em to mind on the instan. ‘V9 0 given de- lightful rebuke to our memory by In nsacking a multitude of the rogues, ancient and modern. But our memory proved corret-ter than our en';h,I:jI'I:'"’1:f"h‘ 5“I7‘E. as ofold,shall go before the bride: 8" ' " 3“ "Qurnl yfall into a train of graver reflection than. purloutset proniised, ihis,w, mm, will not he held inconsis en iyt P9,0vle witnessing the de- lights ofnllre‘r?:il?:P::l‘ll!)” Est; will be founded in the very ntawnizruaklleelxqtiisile itirleniiutielss 2:8 80 ltmpliy Is "('1 hwy e se. " - . . III" 0 e marrie next Monday, (lm'I8‘n9 If lite] ‘tyere-Ehina included l--the Pt n ,