THE CITIZEN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1854.
SEVEN MONTHS IN AUSTRALASIA
BY PATRICK .1. siiliirli.
(corieludedfroot our tort.) ,
Thu gitotevti olths Auslrslias la the -t nqunldlig" systemeeu -yswm ' N“
e gives to a smell nnniberotgovernment rat-oritea a monopoly orttteiantls orthe
colonies in Part Phiup, owing to the rapid increase or popthlalionv "II -me
tern is rust tottering to its rldl. in New south Wales, it h much Mn"
‘marine. The “lquhllera" there control, in great run. the WI‘ 1=I‘9“‘““-
and through It the local executive. in August lust. Mn Wen""M'“lr W‘ "“
polar man in Anstrniis, introduced his romous eoristltution biu.
rrenied on the model or the csnsdian eonstitutlnu, this bill proposed the entire-
ibthment ortwo legislative enutubers-the one to be eleetive by the peoitlc. In-
other nominated by the crown; the nominees to be endowed with titles 01
' nobility aitd have hereditary privileges. The abject M‘ the bill, as Mr. Wetltv
worth eonreued, wan to strengthen and uphold the squatting interest, and to
i-heel. the gt-owth orderrtooreey. M w
-t our caunlrv to be itooded with Germans, lrish sn
undesirable people.” Perhops not, Mr. wautwdrib; but yet ynurcotistitutton
sooth visits, and soon you wui be roreed to reeognlae the tart that llu eiaini
ornomsn benign to eecupy and live upon the lands or the colony in superior to
This yielding polity or the
cnvemuient will pstrtpnrte tor s eohsideialile period, perhaps, the sovent o[l.ho
inevitable day that shall Wimws the separation ortne colonies item the mother
eouutry. Already, however, the prevailing seatlnienr or tns colonies is decid-
edly repuiiliean. There are two daily snd two weeitiy papers published in
Sane)". The leading iouritsl, however. or the Australian is the Melbourne
Much interval il 1!]! throughout the Australian in the lllbjec! ol‘ bdlmnlkln,
and already many laudable etrorts have been made tor its promotion. The
catholic, rrotesinul, arid Presbyterian churehes are in eonneetion with the
state, sttd derive IYoi'n’u their means orsupport. Entire bsrvnoity appears to
exist between the members orihe varienn religious sects. ,
Prior to the gold disoovery, sydusy was i-ewgnluil by on her sister cllks so
(In eapiliii oi't.he Ansirslias. Melbourne, however, which, slnes that event,
his adv-sneed much more rapidly in wealth and population, now inys elilirit to
thnt position. Hence haaariaen the active rivalry, the bitter jealousy, which
service between England and Australia hits, up to the preselt‘
irregularly eondueled, the steamers-especially those of the
C-ovemmnnl eontraet line. being orau inrerior eissia es hltve
been made bya euppor-ship, the " Mttrco rolo," built in st. .loirn's, NJ]. she
made the pasnageirom Liverpool to Melltotti-no once in sixty-seven itiid once
In seventy ti-rlyl. ' ‘
At the period 01‘ our testing, the itusiralian market was overritoi-ltod with
every ticscriplinn orgoods. Timber was the only article in demand. in July
last, a friend oreurs entered into in contract with the Government at Melbourne
. to supply seven hundred thousand reel oitirnber for building vi-httrves at that
place, at the rate or seventeen douars and a hitirlhe hundred reel our frlttnifa
ohiei reiianoa at that time for the means or rulhiitng his contract was upon Nuw
, zealsnd and van Dlemeifl Land. Vessels slso or a light drnit or water, and
suitable tor the iubsrcoioiiini trade, were lnueh sought alter. we sirvr a vessel
ttiubaut seventy-live tons burthen and iiny-three yours old (Toalt hlllll) ssid in
Hobart Town rur 95,15. ' ,
v Diemenls Land-so eaiied rroru van Diemeu, the Dutch Governor or
parts hill the trees grow to an enorm at e.
The two ehior towns or the iel-.ind are Lauueestoa, sit the north, and Hnbarg
Town, the test orguvornnieut, at the south. Launoeslxin is a nut town, of
about ten thousand inhabitants, situated on the river Tamar, (titty miles from
the sea. Stearuet-I ply regularly every week between Lsnnceoton and Mel-
hourne. A splendid msesdnmised rond, lac mil s in itatgth, and out lhruntzh
the eeatrs ortha island, counsels Laoneeeton with llohsrt Tows. This irtller
mm mwnnhgly situated on the beats or the river nerwsnt, about full)‘
miles nroru its mouth. A rugged precipitous mountain rour thousand reel in
height, Mount wellington, immediately overhang-a the town. Being the sex‘
orgovsruateut, it is neussully the main sent or viiisny, and the oenlre otth,
ronviet tnachutery. nere. tn the neighbourhood or Government liouse, which
my .mt.-oprialely Idiom: the tau and the police hart-sell, only be seen groups
Lafcanvittl-ollicihla, the mast abandoned wtelcbes that ever an Invicrugttlltru
ft is the queens birth-day, and them is sievee at Government llouee-and vi-e
steer and ovdert at the arntpodae. That large mirri with the glass in his eye
is an ex-aotetvter or Norriiix Island. A relation or the rrtlrllklti [Irlclised by
him there would mate the blood ruu eold. or the unhappy wrelrnes pinned
under his eonlrol, seine were driven toiussuity-the msyority were t-oitt-tried
into demons. lie is s particular mean or his xiteelleitry, sir wiliisivt verit-
so That ol.tter still larger naan ,, , uniting the while desperate
but on suing eilorts to sources his unwieldy hsu into a white itid glove, is
a magistrate olths eolany, and was till very recently a high cont-irt oilioiai.
his history is involved in obreurity. rte thing tor sevtain is itirowrt, thstnii
has been repeatedly sharged with having played the part or “lrIiIo!" in the
lrish movement M13, and with being the irtnn who pointed oul smith 0'Bri:n
.. ,,,p, wen some thou beings ehoinetl. They held up their mart.
.risd hands to this captain or the Pan, and begged thiti their rrtirvs ritiglit be
striei-ten oiriu order that they might be stile to mate a struggle the their lites
.. No ,, M, M ,,,.,..rt.e, -i Illa eonviel regulations do not ytnnll IL” ilnd the
iiiirt day the wild birds perched on the bodies orotors than a hundred or Ihttul
poor hein s a they hosted on the placid siirlsee or the perv-ritt. That man iii
, .,.,,,,,p, ...,,,.,tt.r or sir w. benison government.
3,“, W, ‘in p or, melody in van nismeu a Lead entirety tnlvtpaiied o,
monsters or this elsul” No, no. ft! mm W TMFM mien. - - body. wt
....,,.,t.pi.....,t..e.n be Ihnnd in any country i and some amongst them
not puss-raved Mute highest cslucsuon and toiinomsui. The native-born role-
ttisls, too, not as line ihibiws as an to be met with inthe world. But these
men detest sir war. Deuissn, and are the active opponents or his policy.
see huI,$0me ortiteua spprosoh, members oh-lie Legislative Council, who
int-l it lhztlr tltlty merely as a matter or man still etiquette, to attend. Tlista is
cuplitlri Fcnmn, a htrgs iunded proprietor, end a true lrish gentleman, a vin-
lent opponent or sir Wm. neutron, and a mend or the lrish exiles. is
llkhutl Dry, speaiter or the Legislative Council. He is ten oi‘ an lrish
rebel oi‘ '95, and owes his present position no has to his personal character
than to his hitter horitility to Sir wiiliain Dsnlson's policy. But see this
long procession or mild and benevolent-looking men, arrayed
atuulsnttes. They are the calhollsidergy. sad and humiliating spectacle!
Yen, and they real it. we ilitow moat oi‘ them personauy ; itnow their senti.
intents, and there is ml! is me in thitt proeesaton who does not root the degra-
tialinn of hill position, t class, whetlitir you regard them as priests or as
ordinary gentleitieit or the world, the catiarlie elergy or van Dietrich‘: Lttnd
vriu ritvornbly compare with any men or a similar class in any part or the
earth. Being paid by tho got-ernnient, their hinhop utskeelt, we believe, in-
cumbent upon them to attend on those occas‘ it as a matter or rorm.
' ilere are two shiirpraeel, sntart-looting nieu approaching. The tauer or
the two, he with the peeuiisriy sharp nose, is the American consul, a gentle-
man. named listhaway, rrom somewhere it down zasl." lie is a smart busi-
ness man, by all accounts, and studies to lteep in with all parties. He is quite
irtliutnte, indeed quite at home, with SirVtVl1Ll:tin and hit? interesting iitntily.
His ounipaiiioa is a lthrewd little than ;-n vnntee nlsovchi: read-or runeies
he ean-your ehurarter at aglnrit-e; ean tnlir on all conceivable subysrts, and
tell you timt as many state secrets as he Kids a tnind. no a veil here a
row years ago, in very poor eireuntstnnses, goliutrodnced to the governor,
was hailed lipos to operate npnn the denlel operators oi‘ some oi‘ the gover-
nor’: raniliy, and is now doing a dourishlug business-lnniing a ibrtune in
tact. sueeeas to him, though he is a eonstnnt uttthdstit at the private
psrtlete-uni! public, tuo-at Govtrlhmznl House. ‘
hut sway: ban in this beautiful island, one may, with true reeling, sing-
“ A lite in the woods int rue '-
l-‘or here, where the woods never change, where an eternal rolisge decks the
trees, and an eternal sutunter reigns, hete-
“ All, bare the spirit or loan, is dixlnn 1"-
lt was a glorious evening, that alter a title urabont rorty miles, we arrived
at the shore urn iteautiiril late. We had been riding from llnyrhxznk, and
now we iiiood upon the shots or a hkl, thirteen hundred rest above the plain,
and nearly three thoua-tiid.loot above the sea. The lake sseined ready to
tin over, and pour ilit waters down the ruined precipitous sides at‘ the
mountain in whose hollow it lay. Floats or wild ducks hosted about, while
a ' blunt svi-sun, skirting closely the shore, glided ritsinslieaily along.
“convlul,” Thomas lrrsnoia ivisegner. A strange place rot one so soeiabla to
have nted his strode, rur here, it would seem, as it nuuinn iliotstepa had
nevi-rtrod. Ah: he and not been long in this Island beihre he ml the run
rorte or ll)'mil’l lml -
A There in society where none intrude.
By the clear iaile"- .
not it that a bout approaching uai Yts,IlIe Exile’! bt1Il,buuiow tits
clilully used by ML clarlts, the proprietor or this tails, and of a large portion
or the eourttry roun . En bar a but here ror one orhis i-bepherds, and he
has given inntruetions that every attention shall he paid to Mr. Mitchel, hir.
ltlatltn,snd their menus whenever they visit the lniis. The shepherd has
seen In, and is bringing the host over to ink: us some to his but.‘ its
touched his but to nty companies, as he spun; ashore, and sailed us it we
would not go serous sud have s ehop and damper. hly eomphniirn answered
--certainly at and moreover, said be, it we win tnhe an opossum or a itan too
rug iiront you, lot it in too late to go list-h,snd we mean to sleep at the late
to-night.-l “You're welcome, Sir," wet the reply. so Irejuinped into the
boot, slid in about um heursreoehed the but. A one woodnr
hearth, while, seated upon be
coutitanitui-ta were deeply mullet] with eritne. They made way air as to be
neared wlm gull. civility, and tuner I Hula While rcullmod Illeh’ lllloking and
their eonveresliori. "l‘itLIhl'rI2en es aid one, in this bzoolonyi srid
wan only trnnttporled D-r uven, lntl I'm only I1Jlla-holder yd." “WPlI‘l
this nation of Ill! 1" Ialeal our com]-lnlan. “ On! Jun! nolhln’ Itl IU, Sir. I
look slitun inst or my D: old masters gun one time, and went irite the
visa, arid-stueit up'In'pld-1-.” -4 But," said sriolher or them, -- I'll] her.
new twer.ly.uve yesrs, and ought to have got my pardon seventeen yeares ."
what did you dot 4- oh, that nalhin’ at all sir, only you see they put me into
i-ort Arthur, sir i made my escape, and had to tsite to the bush, an' i robbed
And then I was ulten slid ptttltito Port Arthur again,
but i eotrld not escape this time, so they had to let me go when my tints was
up,arid notv rat ntulizliecl out." n well. do yes intend to oonduet yottrsetl
now: You have a good piiire, and with eenduot you may get a “ticket” in a
me yours, and Illlinlsldy a conditional par-loll l" “On! its very well, Sir, to
It of good colidtlcl, In‘ I Wish I could be good, but It: b-r bid manner:
they uclie ii! iii (hi! rlnoe, alt‘ they can‘: complliln If Wu irate Ihern some-
times as Hwy lraie us." site
need. The - iihmpcr" is in.
only asorriptievi or brrad to be got in the bush in van hleritenu Laird. it is a
titr rslte,titade oi‘
ed our pipes, snd had a sinotte. herore re
. it man thlnlit or trsveliing in the
hllkh there without his plprt and tobsseo and lnllchrboxrl. ‘
Inoinilrd on one or the hue horses or the bililllld,
dash title the buhh, and lhinit light at it ride or in...
in a day-
’ t h dr d
Thrrrtrriir. ronditlhmughllnbI.I!h,Indl:i?3 H W c M"
gxprrielmd hunbattn never will rornpietety Iotte his way. Not so, however,
The course to be pursued when y no re.-i
A the reiit loot-ely upon the horse's neat,
and itie trained lrieilnetor the aitluiiii, it it do not bring you back nponths
right trarii, will oonduct y on ovrtainiy to some ahepherdts hut, vi-ht-rs you can
ascertain your Iutiiuile, and have Int and damper, and perhaps chops. For, il
is a singular srismnly, that no matter how wicited and ubztndotwd these inert
described at the lake-the stranger who throws
him-NF Him "iv" "Him!-bl)’. is sure to be respected. The secret or it itt,
nut tam mm In -is ucnstoln-d to be lreatedasdogs, -poitea to its tinge,
INN‘ -'1" “W”-‘ "W"! “M dogs. that ii‘ they mad with one who addresses
lhtm -- It-in-n be-nitut tel and souvenirs with them as men, they will re
itpeot the rights ol soon a one, and should he sseit their hospitality, he is sure
to ilnd it. it may be well to mention that at eaeh shepherd's slsuun, the hut-
iteeper has a eerisiu ulowlnce or mutton, tea. iloirr, tolrn-en. the, rrom h
niaitter. , - , ’
The chnrutlrr or the nountry , as seen in riding through the bush, siritee the
stranger with surprise. Everything is nniiits what he had seen beihre. ‘TM
ood the cottage orthe 7
mountain ranges. all ll-nrillillhlg in the same steep, precipitous biudtti the
trees, with their burns peating oirinlong stripes and strsvring the ground.
while their leaves never fall, and remain ever green. Then those trees them-
aelveo-yeu etnnet cut them down, tbr they would brsslt your All; only to s
combination or iron and are will they bend their proud heads. Then. as you
require one or them tor tirevvood, you must leave it to rot, or lake it away in
small piscesr lot. it you put it in your cart, it will bretit it, and it you out it
into the river in order, as you imagine, that it int y tlont down to your house.
you vi-illbe disappointed, ror it will siail. lika iron. to in. bottom. Slrlngu
wood that ; nevertheless, tnpttsl wood tor snip buuding. some esceileut shi
have been built in Hobart Town, also in sydney. Tb
Australian wood rnslts rut-ling very expensive in south places. coal mitts.
ll’! now‘ being Wnrked bolll ll lite nttrlhzrl Ind Ialllhfrn ulnmlttrc of the
it irislovely inland. hut the policy which the Government has eterrised
towards it tor a series or years hsa weumigh reridered it ouiunsbitsble. -rhs
tin or a settler, if he be the bend or s rntitily, is run or cares and aiiileues.
couttdcttre between insnter sitd set-vsnt,thers is none; it is a titneor lup-
reaaebl warlltre between Ihull. The inuutr looks upon Ille Irrflnl With lllh
pll-ion and distrust; the servant ‘
woe to that Govemlnenl lbs pathway or whose eiviiiration thus Ilu ever the
broken ltesrts, the shattered iritellecls, the crushed tools or humanity. Thain-
to the energy, the determination or the brave eoiohliits, lrllzaponuion In v..,
‘I Land has been discontinued, lu etreets, bovrever, will remain tbr
many a day. still, the eirorts or good men will, in time, repsir the evil tvhirt.
a bad Government has indicted ; and van pirman-s Laud mil tshe her plus
as the truest member or the Republican coureeerhry n( the south
The Poet: of the “Nul.ion."
To the miles of the “ cilizrs ."'
Sin-All inquiry in your iant paper, respecting “ the Poets oi‘ the .’Vatlmt,"
is lllggviiliv: of another inquiry-why are not the works or these Wrilun pub-
lished in Ain-sieal ’
To any one arqusinted with the spirit of American literature. the answer is
not dimctul. The songs or the later lrish poets are not trained on the modtrl
or “ nnis Erilnnuln.” They have
ll here is no tlunitzy-ism about mrm. They sr
republican, and, or course, Iillerlyl wlulindg 1: reverence tor British
tlun. Thereiora,thry srsdented he p; and, as
authors are here coin srstively unhnown. e es it as parts that you Ill]
not uniteqnently meet a lsvot-tie some or A‘ s eren u ," Ae., running
I s rounds or the ltrneriaan presa,luersuva rugttive,wnheut acknowledg-
at, or appropriated surreptitiously s it or music, you will
disoover (I s new dress d g or M:CIn.hy':-
: “ summer I4a1tnn,(ll, a neaca dttortu Ion]: wor
In Dmnulic Jimnial ,‘ vriluic by Pvvfauor Pholxrllo, igf Bialtimarr.”
have seen this so often. that it has ceased to be h matte:
ru of their mtlnr
lest might coins to spoil their own lnlrlrl, why should she not cont
tral its literature-thntlii,s prop ate so muchnrit hsntlght null. hn taste,
Ind p unlenea afohlivinll an Inn i'u'n.IIl.idt'i' 1 Doing’ LI II] in untl Icroni
to B the -
--Good old ilznplislti plsn,
That they should tats who have the power,
i And they should lreep was clan."
Nnr, when the sovereignty of their ranntry is prsctierlly despoilsd, is it rorays
on her literature that should diiitnrh their eoni. lmlt .
iaetldes, what business have the lrish in itrrieries with the songs or nst-is
or tlsngsrtt These and other ltirt writers notoriou y at
their cmlnl n, tnespeettve in‘ religious dim-ieneeit, to
country‘: independence. whereas, the -l in
are told by rt '
ght every other halils hut their own; in a word
trsditionary polity which, at home,
hlon, and, siiroatl, is placing then:-as ra
noblest political i ‘nus all t e lobe . ,
in view orthis exhilarating -l Inilttion" orour people, it nttilht seem a harar-
dnus enterprise to repulrl it here the works or the posts referred to.
so hey rneulcets on their t-ournryvrten-t e or not
u!rl.lI.l esteem, or ntulntil toit-ration-their und -in
essor llro hi; to
, Ia rprllzlle [he mi! old
lett their el‘tnnlry a prey to E l
lit; uh lltvmlv
cert-in sntsgoiitsin u ith the
r -Iauld clearly
who, with equal trioiinsty and truth,
sea to represent lrish-Airs.-rresu opinion.
sltoeit. l husw they a ed W
Iandeney, and, possibly. the are oenotioustu that en They are also
aoeuaed or being iniidrl ; an in. p..,.i.. .,,
tb-true itonree or oternntent,then they is so smeiiab u a u
we hiive, itt least, distinguished Arrieri so Iumocrgiy rot saying that s
be snre,t a gentleman who pronoun this ensrttshie i-en
itsew nothing or Ireland, and is yet but a recent convert
now prore ills Iurrllun is nevertheless on reeord,a
ii‘et.l lhinh they would so
being or rev
lo the tvlilion hl
lid may be taken.
I’ I it ll won t v . .
Notwithstanding the opposition which they would beams to chnllntge from
this tittnrur, the puhiirritton of Davis. llaitran. I-‘erizuaatt. rrsrrr. wuiisuis.
McCulh)‘. and other toting ireisitd poets, would he s protitsble protest, .
i eomntend it at-ear lnglslo Amerlt-an publishers. Let me also suggest an
lppmpnnle trtoitu front aria:
A , . , A. . . ., . , ,
lioi:sl;...l.i,tlt:s P. .tl.trthl:Y. Pnrprieinr No. we PEARL
R E1‘, bet city linil see and non l '., rwvptetlu
rvns his fritmdh arid the public, that he will hsteronstatiuy on n
rs, iiiuora avid sogsra. Tbs itesdtirs Rotrizis will be
all supphedvtiih lrish and American Papers i-oniinnsliy-the ‘I.A'l;'n1'
A.VAlIA.V'$ BRASS BAhDr-CIVIC AND MILITARY PARADES
A‘ Mhnnhnn'd Quldrille Band Itleitds In Billie Extllnlonu, Ind
-“Wt "r"iillfii;'“.i'i'i'iii't'efiiile";..e, r. r.
E GREAT REPUHLIC, if’? HSSTER STREET, ltnr C: In Tho
lllbscrlbn beg! In (it I 11 lb: Elbllnlhlll D2 D9! opened mg
above house,vthsrs he win be h v oa-sl on no
public who may (‘liver him Vlllh I all. inks, Liqiiors, Mid Segurjofgh.
tiacllallllglndl in good luflply.-'RI!'PC9"hu3l STINSO-V Mdvunv
son or the In; clertt or the crown sits
set, or rinblin, late’ um u'r';e:u'Pit'imiti‘s :i:e
nine;-ssrs Mediesi Assis nt to me. Aueu and
it it oil.oi on. it
'" " ' rnihcs soars-liitill 12, a. dull alt, o...,
ea are preeiseiy, as hm-toroiie d in pi tn ,4
nltcnil uriive miles, M ; M id my nltnghnyce, $“sl>“:'l;1;r’.'vi.
A or Town and County
Dr. F.‘I c
A visit within a
ouslv iitttiil .
a country soitsulling Dr. F. b i r
be as minute :2 possible in the detail or their yl'llplDyII!:v‘Ier '2.'f“.?,f' $1,:
nl'wmn with gt eneiossd, apreseriptton, wi hailvice, will instantly roe.
(;bnr-Va! The wotltiug class and these
up, III nillllil, chlrpd nct-ontlng In [heir met
oiliro, so ct-stra street, near city llsil, new . pg
"rosT orncn, N:w i ,,'
lit. s. ATLAhTlc. will close at this oiiiee, on tliexli hngpceii-I"t‘IlM""‘I-lvl%"5 :.
Frbntmglt last. [N Il]' lsAA v. rot?ii.l:n. l3.'tl'.'
on OFFICE NE ..g i - .
P"l‘,U- so in j-3,3510, iii riterniifinit 3di‘r%’3;t s‘i '%2t‘r‘i’r'..r‘";T’;'t"i',"‘.'...““
F""“"“- - HUI) k isaa v.i-owl.:lt,5.i:-
“hose clrrnllelancel In limlled,