' sand are warriors.
THE CITIZEN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY If, 1854.
r.,-......-......&,...m.... ...m.‘.,.. ...]m....,..;....g, . .1“ My
A civilized xndisn Tribe-Progress or Women's nights
While those‘ dcrce, hand-lilrc cainanchs rndians, like the
Apaches. unconqueretl and lll'li.lBlElJlE,i8l’8 awakening emotions of
honor in the breasts ofwhite and rod iucn, and black, for their cru-
elties and war to the knife against all humanity, beyond their own
tribe, we have an account of another tribe or Indians who have at-
tained a high degree orcivilizstiou-‘iridccd, the very highest, irri-
spcct for women is to be taken as a test. Capt. Dodge, agent of
the Navajo Indians, reached Santa Fe on the 24th December, and
from him the editor of the Gazette obtained the following interest-
ingthcts? T " ‘ ‘ ‘ ’
“They number about eight thousand, of Whom ‘near two then-
’ They are a good deal inclined to agriculture,
and this year they raised sixty thousand bushels of coin, dve hun-
dred bushels of wheat, tire hundred‘ fbeans, besides a large quan.
tity orpuiripliiriii, melons, peaches, wild potatoes, &C. hey inan-
ufacturc largo quantities of blankets, stockings, soc.-all their wear--
Eg apparel, and make their own weapons, such as bows, arrows,
drod men in the tribe own as many as eeri thousand horses, and
one hundred thousand head of sheep. Some of the Indians have
forty or lifty peons to attend their herds. They treat their women
‘ rn doctrine of ‘woman's rights’
rarely kill,but consider then a great virtue. They worship woman
as their Great Spirit, and believe she starts the sun every morning
in its cours The agency is on hundred and eighty miles ironi
i Santa Fe, in the heart of the Indian country."
It appears from the foregoing that the doctrine of “ womau’s
rights” is older than Mrs. Bloomer, Mrs. Rose, or Luc Stone, or
Mrs. Coe, or rs. Smith, or even Lncrctia Mott, and t at retlskin
squaws have not only been beforehand with the pale-faces, but very
long ago gained their point. Indeed, so long is it since thavicgory was
. . . ,, 9
achieved, that its date is lost in “ time tmmeniorial.
a tribe of red-skin Amazons, who at some remote period of antiquity
conspired against man, threw on‘ his yoke, iit on the breeches (it
such garments were used by their conquered) lords). and set u
enforced the worship of themselves as the established religion of the
Slate; , i i ,
Decline of the Colored Population. , . - .
The Colonization Jodi-Ml furnishes some statistics with regard
to the colored population of New York city, which must prove in-
ina. The late census showed that while all other classes of
re ,, .
our population in all parts of the country were increasing at an ’ E
cnorrnous ratio, the co ored were decreasing.
York, in 1840, there were 50,000; in lS.'i0, but 47,000. In the
city of New York, in 1s40, they viumltered 13,000; in 1950, they
nuiuhcred 11.000. - V ' . “ s - - -
The New York City Inspector's Report forthe fourmolitlis end-
ing with October, presents the ‘following results ' , .
1. The whites present mnrriliges.
Tho colored present niiirrisgc
front the there’ it will lie oliscrvcd that. e
the deaths exceed the births by 2,040., Tbi
elimated strangers just lirrived, we have about 6,000 deaths among
the acclimated whites for 160 sniong the ssrnc class of colored
pulation, or in the ratio of 99 whites to 1) colored: while the births
are in the ratio of 97 whites to 1 colored. The ratio of whites and
colored are as follows: i ' . ' .
V r Wllim. Uolaud.
n‘.'.i , in
According to ratio of population, the iiiirnher of marriages suinng
during these four months has been three times greater
than among the colored population. By the same ratio, the num-
H ' ‘ ' real as among the 1:
lored. “"hile in deaths the colored population not only exceed the
white hccording to ratio of population, but actually show 165
deaths to 86 births, or 7 deaths to 3 births, or more than lira
ite. ‘ ‘ . ,
These are startling deductions. ‘ At this ratio what must tic-came
this fcirful decadence!
physical hrs of suns ' i. or rather a necessity of our cirilnaiicnl
Can the white progress only at the rxponer of the Indian and lie
hlaclrl - ' v r
such is the reasoning of the Cclonizatum Jsuriioz; hut it does
not apply to the black population in the South, nnder.the institu-
tion of slavery’: for there the verycciitrary holds (me, and it is
nbtoiious that the negro population increase in is far greater ratio
than the whites-so well ape they taken care of, and provided for,
by their niallttrrs. V‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ' .‘ :
Arlcnlilsnor Hllcltss is Hivisi.-lt delights us to be able to
announce, by letters received again from our venerated and bcl
Archbishop, that his health still iinprovu, and that the cough his
entirely let! him. We are further indebted to frisndstn Havana
for niessant-s and papers, from which we loam that the most all
tinrvuished attentions are bestowed on his Grace by the principal
peifpls of Havana Thehrchhishcp has felt it better, however, is
extended so pressing y to
t it no save that Dftlio Captain-General. which etiquette
iiziuliiiecti im hint trloniit. We Judge by ll‘tH4I‘laV(llII'31.FIpBl'l,ea
eially the I‘nrl.ra dd la Htzbmrla, that the visit of so lllinlruighcd
‘ Clellll li interest.
-1v'I,,‘f'“:",f,“f.‘q;“, that u it has been with great deli rht that ‘tn. pa...
ple o lavani have seen I0'dlotl$guI“!19d I re ate assistmn on
Epiphan attho cathedral with the lflshop of Havana. in wlinac
hospital) c palace he alaidrs.-human .5 Janrnal. ‘
The ercimtirnt on the Nebraslu qtiestilm is increasing: uitl
, Niagara Falls in Winter.
The following description is from tho pen of one of the editor
the Courier. who has visited the Falls this winter:
Nlioin is in all itii glory. Grand, sublime, imposing it always
is, but now it is more ; it is radiantviitli beauty. It not only awrs.
. . . E
is not only stupeiiilous, but it is erquisite.
but it fascinate
ever e ans the “hell
vastest mountains cannot vie with it in
more impressive than ma
grandeur is new combined h its matchless a
has wrought a .'.Li work ii-itli the grini old cataract. It
thrown about it a garniture that outshines the We t
or the Ind." Every rock glitters, and eve
every branch, every twig, every gm-lrlc
blade of grass. ' The frozen spray has trarisrigurcd every thing.
From the edge of the flood to the foot of the precipice, it has
' It has
sliected the banks with the purest Pariiiri.
with icicles. It has encrus
as never seen it in all
its suporbness. The summer toun‘st knows it only in its sternes
s, and sit ovcrwllclrn-
irigsuhlimity, a subllmity incomparable. Therein every other
natural curiosity in either lleinispherl: is tains beside it.- The
’ ‘ ‘ crrect, for it has-what , .
they cannot havc.inot-cnient ; and iiisunitude in motion is always V I,
stone, every tnlnk.
root, and every unlit-red
hung the craze
nothing can be
more raiitastic than their luxuriant, snow-White, involute tracory.
The gl’Oll1ld‘lO0,t"llV.i!eIy tree from snow, whitened o'er with this
VVhile on every side pmans are heard of the peace and pros-
perity of France under the iron rule of the Napoleon dynastyva
peep at her internal condition reveals in startling state of things ,
A Paris correspondent of the London 14111167 writes as follow: :- l -l
The dinnlim.-nz of lhisisorry drama. which history will call the
1 second of December, seems to be nearer than might be supposed.
up At least, it is cuernlly on to he so hcrc. 'very da , evcry hour,
intensifies s.u precipitates the crisis. ‘vcry one is in expectation .
of great events. Meanwhile, C0l1'l!lIQfCl', and labor, and industry
are in suspense. ' The Em ire is like ii dying man. The heart
still beats; but the extremities nre already frozen with the dew: .
of death. The pulse is fluttering: the minutes are counted. To , '
' ' which France '
o liriserthlc Condition or France. i
The nioral as ec c.
the stoppage of work have eiiiciisincrl tlll- common hatred.
lions are let loose; private revenge is bus ill the provinces. ‘ ,
Torch in hand, it lirrhts incendiary tlninrs rroni village to Villarre, ‘
om mill to mill. Vherever corn is li-ft in the mill while 1 c
poerpcopls around are starving, that mill is burnt. Only in the
large tdwns are the stores of,corn in safety. Twenty-seven
B epartrnents of the chief corn producers have been ravaged with i
ares this last ftirlnighl. 1n the towns the popular indigristion has ,
aiiotlier source, and takes another slizipe. ilariuracihri
' n other.
altogether. The furnished workmen yic d without resistance, but
they mutter terrible threats, and hoard up a savage retaliation.
c tactics of tho Ltmititnists are already, you see, producing
some gleaming coat of frost, is but in keeping with the scene. a
have seen the Ilowering time of la
lustre, the landscape that overhung the roaring gcrgc. Verily, '1
There is another winter elrect cnlviugura which is worth notic-
e large quantity of ice home down from tho Lake is com-
plctely pulverized as it plunges down the abyss. But, though
‘ curated, it is not dissolved, arid the river, t short distance
rent, but a urge portion reaches the whirl below
e floats about like thick snowy froth u ii the surllico.
entirely covers the large basin, and presents a most extraordinary
oppeursncc, as it is swept about at tho varyinginipulsos of s thciisa
Till one has seen the whirl ool in this state
currents and eddies.
he does not half know the condict of its writers.
on’ into the current below.
- Tlii-: ccr.-svs.;i'hc newly-published voluine of census returns:
containing, as it does, upward pfcleven hundrcd large quarto pages.
liinsrtly of figures, will be nsxhausli
For the want of a sysleiii
sud deaths in till the States, the sistcrricuts under this head
the United Stlitcs lire said to be unreliable. That is, the nunilwr
' The number of births in
the United States is put down at 5 8,835; marriages, 197,029,
. in Prussia, hiiths. 601,562;
deaths, 271,590. In England and “Niles, births, 693,422:
l-iagcgs, 141.599; dealhs, 368.986 '
marriages, 148,892; deaths, 493,86 . ,
e number of persons in the United States engaged i
merce, trade and manufacture is put down st’l, 0,263;
Britain the occupations of the people are divldied thus t-Coinmerce,
trade and manufactures, 3,092,787; agriculture, 1,490,785; Go-
5 i ‘ . .
The Census, iiiialin'dg'ed, has already been laid upon the do
An hbridgniel-it more com niei ,
, is in preparation. Earb nit-niber will
mpie: of the abstract.
pages, 5 ,
of the lllembers of Congress.
and quite as useful to man
have for distribution near y a thousand
This will make a book of.-lliolut 600 octava
Duliuque to hcoliulr, is liii
citics or the Wcst.
year since thought themselves poor, nncxpcct
lots.‘ ‘ i ithout visiting Iowa, youcan form
gy of her people.
cliietly Germans. This argues well forlhe future, for the
le and thriving citiccris. They mingle more in ceiiinion with
low, is completely covered with its dcatiiig particles. As it
'ed along, iiiuch ofit gradually disappears in the tiirliuleiit hir-
‘ wistoii, Kinll 001915-
is made apparenb. There is a certain cohesion in the triturated ico,
blit it is so slight that it readily yields it every impulse of the writer
beneath; and you may see a Gold or‘ it, perhaps an acre in clttrnt,
slowly swinging around in one direction, while within it, and fenn-
'n a part of it, are patches borne along in directions diverse, some
even turning in circuits directly opposite. The gyratiiig coatin
asiii, for it is replcnislied shots as rapidly as it crumbles
, o mine for the static
The following table. compiled rroui different pages of it, is fill
'Et)sPE.Il‘l'Y or Iowa.-The following appears in is Now
a . - .
“9nP0“- h!W1m!=-'s"'m the Constit ion adopted in 1846, the Slate authoi-iticr hro piohihi. - 1 x . i
psessod of large and mcroasmg fortunes, bytha rise ofclly my is equal ,,,‘ ,,,,l, mag in fuel, the business is decreasin tri '
no estimate of the t-nt-r- ‘
The American portion of her citizens are chictly
in Pennsylvania. Ohio and New York, dlld the foreign population
are athirot for common schools, and generally make good, pescea- l
t - Y
their elrcct. It is the Parisian shopkctpere who feel it incst.
For the last three wceiis purchasers haic ceased to ap car. The ,.
trnlerman wanders about 's shop solitary and in y, his eye i
tired on the door iihich no customers approach. He is gcckoning
th - ' li'lls .
ouse-rent is K
raised, the price of everything, except bread only, is doubled, and p a ;
his profits are null: Ruin stares him in the face In a fortnight
he would be ready to call for a revolution; in It month he would
load his gun and band it to ti. barricade. In the midst of such a
situation, you may inisgiiis the Bonspurtists, Persigny, ind tlil:
They feel the ground sharing beneath thcir foot, as it
every moment it woulll open and devour them. >
nd , The Anti-Liquor Law-Synopsis of its Provision: ,
The bill which is in progress before the Legislature of this State - l
provides that ally person who, in any way or shape, except as a(- 4‘
tcrivsrds proviilcil, keeps liquor to sell, shall he atljud ed guilty-or ‘ '
a misdemeanor, shall forfoit. his liquor, and be punish by a nun of c I (
from $15 to 5100 re: tho ‘first ctlence, and for every suhsequcnt ' v ,-
olfentue. a line of from 825 to 8300 and iniprisonvnent of from thirty '
days to six months . .
Every lcgiilized scller of liquor ivho shall be convicted or sell-
illg iuegauy, shall be piiuished by i has of sloa, forfeit bis liquor. r -
and be forever disqualified from selling Liquor ‘iii the statc. a
defendant, if convicted, to ay besides costs, fees and expenses, . r
the complainant’: counsel fetnas Fixed by the Court. In de ault . l
of such payment, ho is to be imprisoned until paid, not exceeding ,
I day for each dollar un aid.
persons (Electors) pcrrniltetl to sell pure liquor to adults for ,
mechanical, chemical, or rnctlicilml purposes, or pure win or so. ,
crunientalusc, except they ho cillars, boarding-house 1rcepsrs,iii.
terested in n lliealrt-, or so rortii, on certain easy con ' '
2 Vctli It is made the duty ofsupervisors,superintendents,and overseen
’ do. -.l,ti:lI,<i55
lc registration of births. marriages
of the and tho right of every aggrieved person, to prosecutn
a comp hint agaillilt offences. ' .
I marri - it can recover the money paid by a husband or l
"' child (and v. v.) for liquor illegally sold. All securities and cvi- l -
tlences ftl clrht given in whole or in part for liquor illegally sold to ' .
s void. Any persoii selling illegally tobo hcld lishls for all dam- .. ;
ages accruing ctr rom. . r , , ‘ '
Section 32 forhiils anybody‘s earn-ing liquor through or in the .
Slate, unlcss undt-r5 gallons, or within the county it is sold in, or
the county next adjoining it. - - ’
. An ublic otiicer neglecting or refusing duty, is to be dried not
over 500, or imprisoned not over one year, or both lined and im- ‘ <.
prisoner], and by forfeiture of otliee. .
e mi “intoxicating liquor" a.iid “ liquor" when used in
this act, construed to extend to, and include all nlcoholic. rinone, ,
malt, and fermentrd liquors, and all mixed liquors, part of which ;
is alcoholic, rinous. nialt or ferlilcllte
No licenses to sell intoxicating liquor shall hrrt-allcr g1’-mind.
Except this last provision, which is to take etfect iininedistely, the
whole act to gt) into effect on the tilt of July, lsai.
riiii‘ Anicsousxr or TEE xvii. rot. Cu.vs-l-lr-oriox.-The Ler- ' i ‘ ' ?
' islaturo ofNew Ynrlr State, huriiig inluno his: adopted an amend. .
ll” merit to the Constitution of this State, subject to the vote or the
people, that vote will be taken on the lslh instant.‘ ccorduig to
ltd borrowin on the credit of the Slate, beyond three millions. '.‘ ,
By the Amen en! which is now submiltrtl to rliepeo ls, they are
authorized to barmw ten millions ofdollars, the object being to en- '
larlve and complete the canals. Those who are opposed to the rnea- ’ 1
sur::, say that the Canal! have less buSm(‘SS than their present capa- l
conse uence ot't.hs mgress of ra roa . Since 1850, the revenue
from t e canal tolls as fallen oil‘ $300,000, though the produce of
the VVcst has been so rapidly incmasing. t is, therefore, argued, ‘
that the pmposed Ien linllion loan, if adopted and laid out on the - ' ' - 3
[he canals. will be a very bad investment. 0n the other hand, it is ' ‘
contended, that iftlie canals are enlarged and completed, the buxi. ,
Americans in this State than in any other section of the Union. "955 “U, M .0 ms”), i,,C,.CM,d .5 ‘O .1 make; it : V g l
in fact, the bcst buildings in any place in
school-houses; and where
i ee, in some beautifully selected spot, a neatly framed sc
house and church. with 1 ster lo and bell.
st‘ tlgis charming State, and wh
lct ‘, ' ' ’ - '
Two or three days ago a iris. Tiirr tzliol s iii. Xdrigge in nnstcn
Ono ball pcrrcrnled his coat and shirt
. h:ind.d Thil
' tr‘ ‘ . ' t course lbat ha been
shooting 3 air arose out of a previous in t;;.‘b‘E fumed again W
The Ilotlton Times says one has on Inluftd WIT" 5]“l.'5l“l’
Briggs ( 9-
with n six-barrel revolver.
sleeve, and skinned his run. Another sew-1 his
re ,tiid tho othrr an injured hii.-iinud rind chililrini.
Clinl‘Al‘lsJ prosecute. ' ‘ '
A iciiustrr in B09110“ injured his oyc 2 fat ylaysaco Wit“ ['10
end of his whip-lash. Hr look cold in it. and in Illl't‘Q‘dlyl dlod
fro l .
in oelr-juw, .
Iowa arc churches and
the village consists of log ouses, you
, such is the roiiditiun >
at its tlt-xtiny will he who ran pre- red,
The Knickerbocker lce Company, which carries on the most or - ‘ l
tciisiivs business, has now employed “bout 1,000 men at Rocklantl .--r .
and about 50,000 tons of excellent quality have been harves- l t
The houses, when full, contain about i2o,ooo tolls. At '
Iliuliland Lake, tho company have two large houses, capable of
holding 20,000 tons '. anntllcf. to hold 12,000 tons, has just been
finished at Rhrnebrck. The ice at the latter point is taken from
the Hudson Rm-r.
B 0: C is l ' I ‘
BITDOIT 0. BYE 0 0 HI" 3 If 0 ’
force at nocldaud late, and will proliablyalay irimit csft 70,0 0, . '
t nu. ‘ Compton or Wcirtenilykc at Kinvvido :1 out will - ‘Jl
seizure nearly as much more. The Catskiu Company and Brown
dz Stone will lay in it largo quantity. -
The Loniloii J1. tllull Tinus and (r'll:c.'Ic has a case of delirium
trollims in an old lady, causotl b - sudllcnly ahstailiing from the use
ofttibaeco. . Siiitikrrs, look mltl k
of the weed,
iriiv you go to can without a stoc . ‘