‘tine-ulna ot the Mosqu
, SATURDAY, ANUARY 21,
185-1. i r '
‘ THE SENATE.
, ' Jmlluzry llr .
'l‘ba iluiwer and clayton Treaty respecting central A.muI'lu wu tha ghee-
tion on the mpu. - - . ,
ceu. CA5: mude o speeeh of great Iznglh. He said hla Ipeecll mode in that
eharsiher in Maren iaat hid been greatly misunderstood und l'n represented,
wnl diwlolurvl Md ' h
England or her power and iiitluenee iii cent nierlea. bu pendugus
e and l t vluhlunn or the policy rtbla government as ex.
Ih Munroe d II’ and could not honorably be Icced 4 In by the
No one can lniitllak: the diapatchcs orl.ord claieiidoii.
ii ' e n (her: is
it bod u an t e K4: -
toriea of Central America. with that view they mutually iulerdicled tothertt-
xcluni a control over the canal, as we as hi t to utilise
liltsh or tnuiutaln rortidchtluna eomman ' the
, any boatlie attempt to Iteizs and hot this g
tried, and might he ran ere
I heal u or the
tbelina orthe eunal. The treaty pmvldes lot but one route lru
, with a right to reach the Pnciiic, either by Luke Niearagua or by Lalta ivlrua.
-audits apecitle ailpulatinria apply to t a route liluld deaertbed-h
inutual restrictions extend car beyou thia narrow di
am known as
this line, and where, course, no to c on
pluea these young political coninuinitiea, eloecly connected with oils another,
beyond the conlml or “either. or menu two grciil powers, was the evident ohicet
And now an unwunny attenipt la made by one orthain-l rah edit it no iniid-tr
nu or the convention, and to estubiiah the
term-to rrrtter aw mw
pretoualnn to march lta toreea into that country at pleldttun-fur re to under
the name oran “nuisance,” or a H rolecinrall,” will is erbo wan h -and
thus to dereat its own ohliguloml. run n l apeulting in thin eounection ortb
righu resulting rrrun errata orw or courso that can betw
nd and a y on central Anterlc rt, leavea either ynriy at liberty
pleonumll enough here to keep that region free or the group or the two great
But -- No," says the Briutlh Govemmenl, through its principal law
' ( the mean’: Advncule, “ the rirat
In.I Alnerizn, and only etlpulntee lhll neilhzr sh V
therein (orhlddeo, and the maxim or construction, ' erpmata
' ’ to this rticle " '
wtilu utzzcluua err . a .
Mr. President. in the rair construction or r conventional arriirigoirientlilta
between two at well arttll ruuriina and verbal auhtletiea,
eooarnentatoro lclulllly run riot in their punt
the history ottha huinon lruellcct preaanta iew exainplea or the waata oi‘
so roinarltithle in
u should he adjusted ll‘ possible with I!
re m rely hy arttnuirii rules-ace ll
ti dtutiuctiona. Tho et
preselon or one thing la the
a re re it an
whirh there in not an
no done, almost nothing
. a lo preserving the honor or
nclent protector or htueaoltc. to whieh Lord chi.
' d I [hat the [nail
r a t tltoee pnntiplu to ivhlrb, in
all eauo rlrecting heroolr, aha ban adhered; that la, thataeivill nation,
within h luriita a bnrburoua pie in eocabllahed, baa the right to deter-
mine the relnriouawith theui, di-tlurhod by any other country. 'a pro-
toriue. it ll tilled, or i her worda,th We! over there ludiaiia,
d ting uld co rolling then. at 171219 re, has been oa use eastot protected
on di-er ditahle to the preterm , the ueyiator are la well in-
ro orth condition la repreeenta the a trio Iwveil: ailin-
non, not g :2 uridsed in iber, and “rrtnliily diaappeering Irum
the earth," the victims or the leproay, llnri other louthaorrie aeaaea, obicll
will it exterminate the rice. An the chic! or these uiuieroble eavageaia
deered with a tinael crown, and aaluted an Kin with the countenance or
- t nml ‘ ‘ ‘ '
y Bmnln ;
rate aha exerciaer power over an artensii-e region lmrlienned, it not indeunitu,
and important to the world Irorri lta rupicity to supply the most val able produr-
lone, ll till m o its googr e re turn the grad! highway or
noun w in ned Icrotwllin p rt or the eonrlrient. ard t:lareri-
don tells us that “nil eo ntry he not rennuu ty the protection
whiz aha haa ror turiea pas! airorded and mu alrorda lniar mu 1] to the
Mr," H. gem. an pretty pluinly intirohtea that she in do to do no
men thing,ercept upon her a d er own way, whll he
gay. that the -A honor or Grout Brlmln, as the ancient pmleclvr or Mas-
nuito than be rved intncl." And oes the senator rrotn Deilwue, an
rpe'enred e an. I Mgalzlous ante r or naalrig events-d?ea be
[me 5 innm , lint roieci I
en.yi‘l.'idl;"' '5 h “unding road to the hgilalhked iiiivogbs, and uf“ncnd-
irigtbe llibla arrinng lhemi" are on y Apruo: ethini iiiteew
w - - i ger on par eredul ythan has ralleri ostni
Ia Ilnnbl em to Illa nperallon 0 lush I bane! 2 I II in
e ana to yiel V , " "W '9
be public lntercnune or area: Bnlzlll, or i my ad , indeed, or any other
country. we a told by the seiiuo “
no protector-are ao iiideflllilo aa have led to great
It-tiuoticc llnll," that “in no lreuiy which creat llrira I h-ia eyorrunde has
mi ulliea to the mercy oi their enelmzal . '
ruideiu, no nation bu the moral right to inata it alliea v orbarbareua
aavagea living in the territory or civlilud po meat (at deeds or
bi - A in in Inner Vllllll or cite
ary on barrier, with a cumplula union or luritsdicliivn:
To all these propoeitione. lliaolorilly mud: and atiperclliouslrygsaauetl. our com-
rnlaaioiiera ave that noble anawer tbr ever to he reinenibe , antlhndlaumd to
“ '6 avv no
ul lesaoii or peace and o ionce. -I lhod " and
r covnpeii ution tor the auireriiiga theyundor-
’ pon theniaelvea.
,t.ha bvea they lost. and the oiiaery they eniulcd u
senator D n is hnd re d thi leaoo ghti the
hia un ,when he lo a o rto prouctnrnte to exist, though
should oxlluusl Ila eifu I-Is he seems lol 'n Wliil in nu! of physical
and re igioua benetoleiiui h be nundan t . on Govern
linu e have talteri, and justly, llront; grounds in opposition to b
tension, and it is luipoanihle that our tlorerotneut should do any not recognize
ing uueh a purpoae,wlihouttho consent or the state. interested in the niiitter.
How rar Englnnd av 'a Se to fdvotsiich a or
. Senator Rom lllichigiln ibr 6ue
hul[ot‘hl.s e e , e was somewhat lurprised to hear a it to n conclu-
sion nearly identical with his own. lie would cordially shake hands with the
o alter a review orthc
the nth or January last year, when he ennrciided mm the central rirnericr
named in the trerty iiieluded the eettleinent o -
British Honduras-um glnnl error me Senator had repealed, Ind even lmw
ha ins-laud on ll. oduced no new uulhnrlly lo auatain him
in his error, unless ll will Illa authority he fold lid in lhl: recently disclosed di
pulcncl troin t-:ngl.aiid. lie (Mr. Clhylnn) WIIS much aurpr
nnrducl or r >- ,- z in these lirl ah diepstchea. A e pogo hhd
taken plaee ia the Mlnlsuy, and a young Secretary or - ed
nlilco Ilwre who oaslbiy knew very halo of Ibis inlrlvnko subject ; Ind under
these citcnnlslllnoe M I was lam or mistake in
these dlnparebea He had rddresaed a note to lilr. craniptan, asbirig him it
I are Wu! um I nlislnlhs In those dlsputchaa; or was ii possible [hut the Bril-
ie coveruoient auppoocd now lhul. nruloh Brilish llonduroa roi-riied part o
poillinl Cenllll Amzripa , ‘
Mr. crturrou replied Is rollowo :-
drama Ilegtztion, Jan. 7, 1854.
My dea Sir-l have the hnlmr to acltnowledge the receipt or your note or lo-
dayu little, in which you inquire in - v.
at. ' etber there my not be a nilatshe in the dispatches oriny governe
nient, lulelycolnmunlcnled to congress, ao rat us they epealt or llruiah Hondu-
raa as - to merit:
2a, b hcthcr i understand Col-llml Amerin as embracing anything more
lhnn lha Eve Central Ameneln Staiesl Am! r -
ad. whether i nnderaund the dependaneiea orhritiah Hondurna as anything
more than tba arnalt onda desert tho trauty or 78:1 1 t .
i regret (hit! I am at present unable to supply you with an explicit explana-
limi Mlha pauugcl ofiha dlxpuchcl from which it seem: lo ferred rhhl
Belize ll lulled b the British Government to be nllnnwd in Ccntrai Anlarlcl,
I canton of my I) 'ciI.l wmmunlculion Horn my Government
In which Inn! question ll directly lreu . t t
A lnir inotaiiee. however, from the tort or treaties and other documellitl to
which I have Incas, Wiih regard In Ihe title of Greltl Britain to Brlllnh Hun-
duraa and its dependenelea, would
I: uilualcd in Mexico, and not in Central Amelia], properly so called. I] 1
opinion I have good reason (I) Illlnk the Government at lhe Unlled Slulal
-l-ha depeiidcnciea ornrltinh miniiuraa are, in my opinion, dialinnlly enume-
rated in Ill: lrlll I1! I7l!5. . , e A .
occurs to nie that in the dispatcher li. qiiuallon which, it inuat be recol-
lacled, (rat 0! IN! Iumevrhal complicated mililer incititntully only. the term
Cenlnl Amznlzn may have been line in ironic geogrnyltiul aenre i which‘
hut not not-requoiitly been applied to the eeatriil part orihtn continent. and mu
in the true political and diploniutie meaniu unite to . i would renmlt, loo
neapecin, not yet comp elely elined,moi-2 plflltulurly as regards Illa boundary
between coats luea land New Granada, which in Bill) iadiapute between those
r . - ,
Thou In lnypwn intlivililllxl linpreaolona, and I only give them to you no
llltll. l ihlll wllllnlzly. hluwever, apply In my awn Govemlnnnt for I man
dlullntl expiunallnn of the mill! which, I doubt “My Will ylrovu natisfactory
to the Goternnieht nnha United sulen and to yonrse .
. i am, I'll)‘ dear sir, with niucli reapeet, yours, very fl.ilIl]fIlil)',' .
, . r . r tours P. Clnirrozdl
Mr. com-or went on to ahow lhill a reliance upon geographlul aotltorltlea
up 0 lie ex I) II I’
would lend to endleea con
together with the Iv e or
' I, I 252 I00, W0
r n lg
I rat down, the senator thought he was too a o ; he
stood u . the eenaior thought him too tall. in the erebniige or rstll-leatliint orthc
treaty. uulwer deeluredrbiit lhovlltlllza and no dependeneiaa were not included.
IIIPFIPI ar ,, -
wa gained or last here by either purl! ‘!-he put it to any one an a question or
law in cnnirovcray. A deelnrea, clclin all white Acre andlta appurte-
nnneea, aiidli nyI,lehim Ml Black Acre and its nppurteuuiireo. Neither
puny’: rights will be alrerted by their duclarilllon when the ease cornea into
eo tt atirne he recciv utiyera cclaratlon he was inneh Imlmetl
but lriends uiially perauaded hrhi h t [I mug,
in ly bl: ad ll‘ he men then an to ci.u.e the lost: oi‘ the In-cl.
ehanrao getting eleur or llritiali lnliuenca in central Americlt. Th .
i rt liidueed hint to receive the doc n d to In he a counter one, iii-
nx izul t vi not a re t lnthlaeo ter iieclnra on
be oturea that th as o ido to d or chart ed by
and he told laiilwer riirvher, that he tilulweri hhd no p wer to pr
eorrea de ca between the aaine. since the treat , creat iiritaiii has rnnde
Ilika declaration. and how an t urpriae to no Lord clnrendon
at g th t or Great it to eonu ue her p Ietlorrllo over the
Dsqnlln a thong t that ring thin controvorry the Sm or he
relt the run rorra and weight oi‘ a precedent, which at in nth, but in
reapert w nd and blng lie mum the pmlacitl to the treaty
h ieo be ill rirou oovernnient regrtrded th p areatorltig
the treityto whit it waa berare amended by the senate.
'd rim lend it in [he Senlle, not till] he make it u it.‘
wnl sum to the House in Insult‘! In I t I, III
u regrt lng it :5 viii‘ but denied the valhlityotthe protocol. or ita binding
fare! on Illa Uniltd Sllxles, ill C powcr lu rhrlllge nr lllcr
a treaty rroin whiii it were when ralII1IA.l by the senate,
lb-rore Mr. ulnyton concluded ula crunch the at-mite anyourned till Rlnntlliyr
, January him.
Mr. Petacr (vvhigl, or lnd.. offered a meolutlon dltectlrlgthe committee on
Naval Auuira to inquire into the expediency orrnhlung borne lmilnble acknow-
' tea to the n em and crown ortha llriliah ship
a, and the American vessola Iiuby and Antarctic. lie aupporled the
resolution with no a r Y center a. '
Mr. srttl: utiatituta directing the secretary om ar to lay berorc
the scuttle all the authenlle inmnriatlon in relation to the merit or the San
Francisco, the metro, ac. . r
Maoata. Gwln. Sh.It:ld.I. Minion, Butler and Houston, continued the debate,
when both the resolution: were adopt: . I
trots gnte notice or an arnettilrrlent to the hebraltltu bill.
0. - - t
3 Gwm, mm the Noni Comrhlitets, reported back rrom the House I Jttiut
lr‘3g[u[Ia“ or gyipyotal ortha conduct or Llelzlenllnl lngtahutu, and pulled it:
iiiigllkbora said he hntllun tnieiidirirnt to orrer, so the matter we: laid
out. ' ' ‘ ‘ ' ‘ l
mu gun mm. for then, u now, honor prnhjbugd [M .
that 'part or the act admitting lhlumlrl, which prnhihiil alavery north or tectlon.
Mr. rnltlrtn (dcm.). Inked leave [0 onbrg yeeolutlou requesting lhl Prellr
all com ondeiiee, other than thnt heretotbro roinrnnh
’ Till CLAYTON AND lI.'L“'I'.I TREATY.
M .CLAl"l'0N (Whig), or
treat utslha senator troin liiieblgnu asserted the senate dirl, oby
violnuon oribe treat ,ulthout ever ha ’ g
k: comma ced on Thurs-
lt deu the re sou orita unnu-
y Vin dem ll
nuance. or calling llie ullunllon of Congretl lo the Viulnllon oi‘ lhz ulutyl Mr.
VVzbIlel"l acquitlcence, without duubl, showed that
lllicuigah llitnliclf liloughl the treaty nieunt whzil. h
it did when he toted ror it. why did
tor nearly three yrare alter the rutirieatiou or the treaty, without ever e
the intention or lilo s
and ulllctss there be some mislalle in the dtarexpertiul and arrogant drapulch or
his never understood KM
renty ea ell in in ita rovia ni t t settlement. t cnotor ii-out
aw aauerled M thought
he auirer thnt nettierneht to he continued
Lord Clarendon, oithe 17th or May, there in an eitpreosctl deterrnltiuttoti on her
part to vlulnte Ill treaty. that Ilespuich be no error, he bbpe
turner dlferent front we obaervihg
i ‘u ,
riurdiug, the Queen‘: ndvacale, had reviewed him, he ciltinled the right to
i'.1[lm.lilIg, although that legit gentleman’! paper had been three y
niueh riirther on this point, he again er r seed ii
tiou or hil treaty by Great Britain might be out
or Preeiilent Pierce‘: lnaiigur aa u] lleable to t e a
- R dent insulted
A on u d r root. Grca rriairi aiteiri is to violate
trcniy. or Io lhtcrrere with the st 123 of central hmei-icr in the rnatie
England would timl that in donlirtg with this ntuinil she XS dealing with a cult-
ror rculnllng that a inpt. 1 France are arnilng lhr the a‘
e what Illterenl hiive they in ii key to unit the united states have In
rriaintnlnlngthe eutrality or central All 9 Li‘ rear Brilali: oe -ted
hrr hggreaolon, be believed the adivitniauaitiiii would lniiiat II[ n ih rv.
once or the tre ty but lnniaung wiu not do-there must be a the e eient de-
ionairauon no I eh a some nil parties would mind by IM
Preai out. Those who lah pre erve the rairh or ireatiea Wou am
He eniilil not iniagiiio. in such a case, how there eoiild be a d l on 04
inbere ahohlil coirie rrein England auch another deopateh aathc inso-
lcnl one or the 27th or May, he woulli lnlmduoe a hill thh
II. He wnlllll, if such itliould be the cane, llilroriuc
or Great Britain In: neulmlily or the l‘IllImul, not only for their own use
Ior Iha bench! oi‘ the world
r. crst coiiterided thnitlie snap exhibited on Thuraduy lnai did not'repre-
S? o he read
acitt from u
ruled in Central Alllerlra, as stated by the
tho title or the nut
e at tli q H
heeauso the seriruor lird atiid that no aane rnrin would any that Hontluru w
rlinerlon. no bad merely ahelteiui hlnieelr lrutn the charge
aiinity by quoting the-ie despair rl.
Mr. Cl.Al"ro:< and t a Senator’: only authority how tor aaeertlngthat
nullcelslu centrnl Amt.-rlru ia the diaprtrli or the aritinh gavvmuieultlnrl
that, too, in opposiliou to the lntereat r liia own rernin
lnew war. I view taken hy the r at adininiairsiion.
rn aaedaii ner. Thewhoietendhntynflhegenllt:lllltn'shl'
lil. us a ltoisinn dt upon the deuth or hia ouccearhil rival, -‘
was great Indeed, ror he eonqucrr in
Mr. CM: Iaill thus not a than had ever expreeaed or tell a higher reapm
Gm-larnl Taylor than ha had, or esteemed him more than he did, but he did
admit that the senutor win right in saying that beeanae a
dt-od Illa! thrrerhro the acre or hia llillllflillrilllfrll
Kn: no. to bediuussed.
on motion, the aubyert waa laid on the table.
nu unzcr or run an r-naersco.
o wds now lost o
. no thought the senator ought not in
lost olllrlol art or his great rival. but that rather he
a o hi it
always asaumed by the united states. and in nppoaition to what he wzll
he no o w -. he w a
rneht wan to
no more jnilll reaolutlon, appointing a committee on the lnhjecl or making‘
atiiriony rtir the re rig the paoeerigrra
llitr. birtctns rnirodnred
amply providing r a jnlnl committee, a, ., .1
shletda, Gwin, rcnroe, llarntln, dud i:terott,cw:r: ayilllnlilula mo
on hmrd [ht Sflll Frnrlrlun, Wul
ken up. A: IN?! reaolntion was in loriri requiring apprnviil by in. py..gi...,.
one in the same words, but in u tlllil-rent form,
The Selmlu lilen went into Execuiivzt eesshin,aiid did not hdjlllmi tiulong
Ifler four o'clock.
' Mn SI=mv=I (free will or lvlttae., presented a petition trout New Yor:r
ll c the wants or lire. amongst whom are witlln
ngrvsa would Ink!
ntiuee rsrne up.
llollst: or REPRESENTATIVES.
the snare: amiouneerl the urat huaineu in order tobo the mo uiloriet
ariiig the lhhtllm orcoiigrers and aniedal to Citpllln liinrahain.
-“re mute t-lom.l, o A .. rnoyed an arnerulnient, to hint. out the wt)
"in extendlngtha protection it the American [nvernmenl oat lioact
hnd ll'HEl'lln[ “in vlndtcallng the tight or Munln Kouin to Antrrteau pro
clued, between llin state De nnme
citizens in foreign eountriee, and to thrm who hove deelmd
ccome citizens. This wu objected to. ,
tit In our Fl‘
tivea abroad, or with
relntive to I e proieulonextrndnd by tho U7IiIl!:l"5‘l'll::“l’:':7l‘l;