.-v-V... A... ..
38 ' , THE CITIZEN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 21, 1854.
thus corps attracted the notice of Europe, and added an inducnce
to the cause of the exiled royal llimily, which it would not other-
wise have possessed. The odiceis of those Brigades were gone-
rally members of the oldest families of balls races in Ireland. But,
although the biography of the more eminent among them consti-
- tutes one of the most attractive portions of Irish history, no
detailed or accurate work has hitherto appeared on the subject.
The only volume yet extant, even on a portion of the History of
the Irish Brigades,is a meagre and incomplete summary, published
posthumously from the unrevised compilation of the late Matthew
‘Caner, ,who, from ' professional avocations and declining
health, was unable to devote the time and labor indispensable to the
production of a work, demanding undivided attention, extensive re-
search, and patient investigation. Mr, 0'Ca1laghan has been
engaged for several years in collecting authcntic materials for the
, presentwork from original sources, in the United Kingdom and on
the Continent, and has had access to numerous important unpub-
lished documents and odicial papers. .'l‘he minute and extensive
knowledge thus acquired of the history of the Stuarts and their
adherents was fully recognized by the Irish Archslological Society,
the hi best literary authority in Ireland, when, in 1843, they en-
him to edit the “Macqrioa Excidium,” from the manuscript
secured to this country by the late lamented Dr. lilac Cullagb, of
rinity ege, ' ' ocument, oiving to l‘. 0‘Ca1l
ghan's elaborate annotations, is aduiitt to be the most valuable
> historical work yet published on the atiairs of Ireland, from the ac-
cession of James II., to the termination of the war of the revolu-
' To the biographical and historical details connected with
, the Irish Brigades in the French service, which fon-n the basis of
I the present work, the author has added a comprehensive appendix,
. illustrating various important portions of Irish national and family
history dr.c.; including notices of natives of Ireland, or their (l&
ecendants, diatinnuished for their military achievement in other
17 ' ,
armies besides those of France . .
i From the synopsis of contcnts of the first volume, we perceive
‘ that tho histories of the various regiments and their more distin-
guished ofliceni will be most minutely dctailed. , The'nuthar's edi-
tion of the “ Deslructiori of Cyprus ” having gained for him the
' highest character for accuracy and research, we anticipate a very
are c‘ ulation for his work on ri subject of such interest as the
history of the Irish Brigades in the French service, relative to which
so much has been vaguely asserted and so little correctly written.
CA1-rt: Tunz.'-The trade in the export of cattle from Ireland
to the English markets has latterly become A very unremunerative
one, owing to the very high prices prevailing at this side of the
channel. ‘ ' ' '
quite as u an in Lancashire, leaving no margin for
freight and other charges incurred by the exporter.- Within th
last week vast quantities of poultry were shipped to England; but
it has been ascertained that some descriptions were actually cheaper
in Liverpool than in Dublin. It appears that the export of provi-
sion: has been over-done, and that serious losses have been sulTer-
e by persons engaged in the trade. One factor in Dublin,
was Ill the habit of forwarding cattle to Liverpool, has suspended
payments, and his liabilities are estimated at about 59,000, con-
tracted chielly with wealthy sales masters in Smiihfield. v Gullcd
’ Pat! . :
Dcru-r'n1os -ro rut Loco Llsurszusr.-On Tuesday a depu-
tation from the Corporation waited upon the Lord Lieutenant at
the Vicercgal-lodge, Phiznix-park, for the purpose of presenting a
memorial on the subject of widening certain streets and other city
improvements, and prayina his Excellency to use his inducnce
with the Government in order to obtain such ant: of money II
might be requisite to complete the works whic wcre specially set
forth in the memorial. The following gentlemen corn sad 1 e
bell, Hoyle, and Hudson; Councillors Boyce,
. French, “fhite, Dowling. Pini, Hutton, and Atkinson.
Young, chief secretary, and Major Larcoro, under secretary, were
-‘ present. The memorial, which was a very lengthy document,
‘ having been read, in. Excellency and several membcrs of the
" deputation entered into conversation, at the conclusion of which
his Excellency said :m“ It is unnecessa for me to say that I
shall lay this memorial before her Majesty's Ministers, and call
' attention to the statements contained in it. t is for them to con-
sider whether the will propose a grant to Parliament for this pur-
pose, and for the cure of Commons to determine whether they
- will listen to the proposal." . 7
EMPLOYMENT or Isisn FACTOIY Gxsts IN Dctsroir.-An oili-
cial notidcation, signed by the Mayor of Belfast, states that ‘an
agent is at present in that town for the purpose of engaging
‘women, under contracts, to proceed to Belgium, there to be
employed in mill labour for eclfzcd period. 7 ' .
A FRANCE‘ ‘I D -
:.,. The restrictions imposed by the rescript of‘ Feb. 8, 1826, on
raw cotton imported from Britain and the British‘ possessions in
Europe, are abolished. According to thesald rcscrlpt, the produce
of Asia, Africa and America, sent from England and her European
possessions into French ports, was to he admitted for rc-exporta-
tion on! . It is further asserted that the Emperor is about to ex-
tend the principles of free trade to all materials used in manufac-
turel. A decree is shortly expected reducing the duty on cotton
" NI iml>tI"Ial decree authorizes‘ the formation, under the guaran-
' ' tcsofthe city of Paris, ofa bank for the use ofthe bakers of Paris.
. A "95-l‘ will therein for the use of each baker who do-
f“'l“ '9'3“’l‘! for the amount required to purchase grain and dour.
‘ ma! lwrtofv what funds are required, and the expense of its
management is to be borne by the city of Paris. ' p
,M- F01’Wl1lv Minister of Public Instruction, and Edward Thayer,
Di‘:ctor-(general of th5oI’ost Other, are raised to the rank of Se-
nars.il.St '11 pg ', ‘ d])' 3.
' General of the ‘l;brsEi‘,t)liicT.m 0‘ 0 ‘lite’ '5 Wwmrw “CA”
“I Cm“!-m'<v-ml says: “The IR ' c ‘ a from lladrid
by the family of am Marquis do rurg:i“li,:,i,if,e.,"f., be of Q satis-
facto ‘nature. His healthhaa much 'imp,,,,,3d' am; hi, wound ye.
;9z;':" 1“ ‘he '99:” ll“?! With M. Sooli’: is how mlvanccd toward a
Therewas are rt inl"aris that ‘stud s -’ I
fought between) i. Soulii, Sr., ind athe hut: 13$
EPl;.m3;aula was killed. -“ e have, however, no ceniii-mmion at the
Th; Em -ror hauler;-rs-seed to Ih-z ltlviybr of silt‘ ‘V ‘
inteiitipfnp restoflin I 9 gee 01;;:&:d(j'ermains.‘
-hops I aris on I esancon ave. i on their clcr to expe-
“Thu tyrant, to amuse public opinion, which is manifesting
itself against him, is proposing a coup dc polzcc. Let all good cit-
izens be on their guard!"
The dividend of the Bank of France for the second half-year of
1953 is fired at 82f. per share, payable 2d January.
ITALY. v ‘ ‘ , ‘ ,
‘A disturbance took place at Barge, Piedmont, on 19th December,
which for a time bore a formidablo aspect. About 300 peasants
and others from the mountains entered the town, it bein market
day, and demanded that the corn should be sold at three francs
per mine. The dealers refused to comply, on which the rioters
took possession of all the supply on sale. The Council of Dele-
gatcs assemblrxl and sent to Saluzzo for military aid, which arriv-
ing, the rioters immediately ded, leaving forty of their number cap-
tive in the hands of carahineers. At last accounts all was again
quiet. - , ,y
, grltussln. , , g
Gen. Radowitz died at Berlin, at noon ofCllristrnas day, He has
left a very large circle of loving friends, and the whole German pub-
- he has long been accustomed to regard him as one of the celebrities
of the time. p . ,
Count Pourtales, formerly >P)’llSSlLIn- Minister at Constantinople,
is in London on a special mission, relative to the Eastern qucstion.
' Madrid dates were to 22rd December. The Scnators and Deputies
of the Progresista party held a meeting on the 20th, to decide on
their course of action. They agreed to appoint a committee to wait
on the Minister of Justice to plead the cause of the periodical prcsses,
and to demand that the journals shoul not be liable to seizure by
the local authorities. The Minister received the committee on the
21st, and told them that the moment the President of the Council
was able to transact business their request would be submitted to
the Cabinet. 1 j . ' . - . . . '
SWEDEN, N ORVVAY AND DENMARK.
By the way of Berlin, Dec. 24, we have it confirmed that nego-
tiations are pending between Sweden and Denmark, having for their
object the conclusion of a league, odensive and defensive, between
the two States. Sweden is arming by sea and land, and Denmark
will immediately fortify her coasts, and place Copenhagen in a state
of defence. The royal family is greatly in favor of Russia, but the
nation, to smart, is against er.
I “Times” for the Last Time. . , V
The London Times, of December 27th, has another long and
very dull article concerning Messrs. Meagher and Mitchel. “lo
cannot think of wasting a column and a half of “ THE CITIZEN "
by reprinting the thing; but there is one foul and brutal sentence
which we must deal with. ‘ V ’ i ‘
It is well enough known, both in America and Europe, how,
and at what mortal risk, the two individuals above named elfccted
tlicir escape from the custody of the British gaolcrs in Van Die-
mcn‘s Land; and it is also known that they could, at any time
within the three years of their captivity in that place, have easily
escaped without risk or expense, if they could have stooped to do
it clandestincly, in violation of their word of holiour. The cur
who penned the following sentences, therefore, knew that lie was
penning a cruel and cowardly lie. ‘ ‘
=At New York there is the simple fact of Mitcbcl and Meagber
being quite at home, an abusing English ominion without fear
or stint. Indeed, so thoroughly do they seem to have found their
place, that it strikes one as a sad loss of time, money, trouble, and
everything else, that they did not go there straight, instead of
pursuing the ve circuitous course and roundabout mcthod they
actually adopted. For .530 apiece each of them might have en-
gaged a berth on board a ood steamer, and found himself at the
Astor Hotel in a fortnig t B! the latest, with ample room and
verge enough to blacken Englan and all Europe, if be pleased.
As it is, they adopted the clumsy expedicnt of a glass-bottle-and
vitriol rebellion in rcland, got transported to Van IJicmcn’s Land,
broke their parole, sneak:-d oil’ to California, and cauie by the Isth-
mus to New Yor Besides the dirty transaction necessary for
the escape from Van Diemen's Land, them must have been some
thirty or forty thousand miles of travelling and voyaging in very
indilferent company, and at a considerable expense, not only to
England, but also to their own friends. Now, all this might have
been spared hy the simple process of taking a berth, and woing
quietly to New York at once. But Irishmcn never can doeany-
thing in a simple, straightforward manner, like other people.
Brake lhcirparvlt ! This is the only word we concern ourselves
with at present. To hope that the Times will retract this atro-
cious charge (of which we feel sure the writer of the article does
not cven understand the full atrocity), would be surely vain. We
are far oii‘: we cannot go to the Time: office to ask arelractation.
Moreover, we are avowed enemies of the British power, and no
enormity of abuse is too cnortuous to be poured upon us by that
Power's diabolical organ. It is quite certain, for all those rea-
sons. that the Times will not retract. - . .
But we have heard of no other newspaper, cven in England,
that has had the hardihood to cast upon us,sc vile an imputation.
1“) 10811 newspaper. we trust, of any party, has adopted, or will
endorse it. No American newspapcr has hinted it. And we,
whom the Time: tries to brand with so foul dishonor, have been
received and welcomed in this Republic by honorable men-free
men and proud citizens-men of a stamp and style of manhood
which the Times does not often see-nicn who would no more
think of olfcring the hand to a dishonored gentleman than of
yoking themselves as subjects to a German Prince. And we feel
it to be due to those Americans to refcr them to the authentic
narratives of our respective escapes, published in the Irish and
American newspapers; and further. to say that the man who
wrote the above sentence lied, the editor who inserted it lied, the
publisher who published it lied. all Punting-house square lied
most foully in its throat. .
The ball omiv “ lleaglier Club,” which came elf last week. was
well attended. ‘- , V '. . . 4 . ‘ . -
. THE STEAJHSHH SAN FRANCISCO.
THRILLING ACCOUNT OF THE lVRECK-NEARLY
TVVO HUNDRED LIVES LOST, AND FIVE HUNDRED
SAVED. - . . -
The ainful sus ense endured for several days as to the fate of
the steamship San Francisco, of which we gave an account in our
last, was at length relieved on Friday evening by the arrival in this
port of the British ship Thrce Bells, Captain Creighton, with the
intelligence of nearly two hundred lives lost; and over lite hundred
saved, odicers of the army and their wives, the soldicrs, and the
othcers and crew‘-of the ill-fated vcssel. v '
. On Monday, December 21, the troops, consisting of eight coin-
panics of the Third Regiment of Artillery, were embarked from
steain-tugs on board the steamer, thcn anchored in the North river.
They numbered, rank and file, sonic five hundred men. The offi-
cers, with their families, together with the soldiers’ wives and
fcmales-a certain portion of whom were allowed to each company
-brought up the number to about six hundred. There were
twenty or thirty other passengers. The crew numbered from one
hundred to one hundred and iifty; so that, all told, there were
between seven hundred and ‘fifty and eight hundred souls on
board. , On Thursday, the 22d, the San Francisco put to sea, the
day hue, and the ocean calm, and “ smooth as a molten minor."
It was observed that the ship moved slowly because too heavily
ladcn,end because her crigines, which had not been suEcicntly
tricd, were too much strained in consrquence. VVhcn two days
i'l'Dll.l.llJlS port (on Doc. 24) a tempest swept the ocean. Next day
(Clirlstrnas) she was rendred unrnanaguble from the dislocation of
her machinery and her rigging. . ' ' ' ’
On the same day a fatal sea struck the ship, and swept off more
than a hundred human beings.
the passengers in the following graphic language 2-
‘While passing between the second and after-cabin, I felt n tre-
mendous sea strike the ship, but I had no idea ofthe awful conse-
qrihengog. d it was the denodmcntithe finale of tho awful tragedy
w 1C a can gain" on throng the night. An overwhelming
sea had struck the nip on her starboard-quarter, carried away her
starboard paddle-dox, both smoke stacks, the whole promenade
deck ahaft the paddle-boxes, two rows of staterooms, of twelve
each, on the main deck, and stove in the main deck hatch. This
h ‘ At one fell swoop nearly
one undred and fitty human beings were ‘swept into eternity.
llie majority were private soldiers of the dllferent companies of
the Third Artillery. Que company lost all but ten of its members.
Four otlieers went with them: ol. “Qishington, distinguished
stdluena Vista and other hard fought fields; Maj. Taylor and
wife; ‘Capt. held, and Lieut. Smith. ' e sea was covered with
drowning men. eproar of‘ the tempest smothered the “bub-
bhng cry of strong swmimers in their arvony.” In a few moments
they sunk to rise no more till tbepsea gives up her dead. Two of
army sutlcr, and Mr. , merchant, of Rio Janelro.
A few moments had elapsed when I reached the saloon.
was lillcd with water to the depth of nearly two feet. The
females and children, mostly in their night clothes, and wet to the
skin, were scattered on planks; some wailing and sobbing; some
apparently stupified; and some calmly awaiting wllat seemed their
inevitable fate. All supposed the last hour had arrived, and in a
few moments they would meet their Maker face to face. 0 v
" Then rose from sea to sky the Wild farcWcll- -
Then enriched the timid and stood cull the brave."
Hopply those who, iv. this awful moment, fclt that their peace
I - g ‘ Kinrr of Tenors, and when hc nieets us
in the midst of life, with our boncei full of marrow and our limbs
full of sap, human nature clings to life, and even the instinct of
the dumb animal shrinks' from death. . The dream of poor
Clarence came over mo, and I thought-“Alas! it is a fearful
thing to drown.” ,
Another sea like that which struck us, end our fate had been
that of the President-not A soul would have survived to tell the
On that day the ship, but for the strength ofller hull, must have
gone down. She drifted in the gulf stream with a succession of
galcs almost unparalellcd, till abandoned on the 6th of January.
VVhen tirst struckpby the storm, on the night of the 24th, she was
only 150 miles from Sandy Hook.‘ Wlicn left in a sinking condi-
tion on the 6th oflannary, she was only 700 miles distant.
. On the 28th of December (after having previously spoken two
vessels, which were lost sight ofnpon the heavy sea in the night),
the bark Kilby, of Boston, hove to, and took 011' a hundred per-
sons. It was thought that an. Kilby, although bound to Boston,
had gone to Bermuda, as it was only three days soil from that
island, and she had a leading Wind in her favor. On the 31st, the
British ship, Three Bells, ofGlasgow, E.'ll'l‘l9 up ; and, on the 3d of
January, she was joined, while lying by the wreck, by the ship
Antarctic, of this port, bound for Liverpool; and, on the 6th,
between the two relieving vessels, the wreck was relieved of every
remaining soul on board, and scuttled. The Antarctic has brought
those she took olfto Livcrpoolf . , l i ’ " '
On Friday evening, as we have already said, the Three Bells
arrived oil‘ the Battery; the following report is from the log of her
captain :- p - , r -
. British Blllpl Three Bclls (of Glasgow), Crei bton, Glas,[:0V“i
45 days, with merchandise and 16 passengers, to lcDonaldv ‘ Co.
Deccmber 31, latitude 40‘ 12', lon. 59' 30;, spoke the stesmshl s.-in
Francisco, of New York, Captain “latkins, hence for San rall-
cisco, having on board United States troops. a San Francisco
being in adisablcd condition, huvino mu docks swel"-fl"?-v and
wanting assistance,‘ concluded to layuby her, which we ma for six
aye, and succeeded in gettinrr on board two hundred and tlilrt
of her passengers, and brought? them to this Pm" ‘
The following interesting description il 53"“ by I‘l9“"“”"
VVindt'r. ofthe Ilnited States Army :-- '
. , . Sun Times Bur: >
.5. At Sm. Fnaay, Jon. o, lB5t.i
The stcanlcr San Fmncisco, as on are aW3‘l'9r “"95 ‘W111 New
York on the 22d of December. with United New troops, bound
for California, The day was beautiful, and everything promised I
N m...TV. .-?‘>r
-- - .v‘ 1.: -.;-,-c..-,- ..,.....:,,... -..... m. -n-.y......s. v...............,...
The scene is described by one of
all the crowd succeeded in regaining the ship-lllr. Rankin, an '