Ghtrtptalti filtins. '
- ‘ DAYS LATER FROM ‘EUROPE.
The Baltic arrived on Thursday 12th inst. Dates, Liverpool and
. London, Dec. 29th ; Paris, 28th. .
r - - THE TURKISH XVAR.
“’e are without very spccihc news from the seat of war. The
allied fleets have doubtless entered the Black Sea, although the
public are yet unaware on what day, or with what instructions they
entered. lfliis lack of infonnution, which appears so remarkable to
Americans, is far from being the result of accident. e Govem-
incnta of Europe keep the telegraph in their hands, and suffer no-
thin to pass over it but what suits their purpose. An out enti-
ouncomcnt that the Hccts had entered the Euxine with
hostile intent would have caused ii sudden depression in the funds,
but the preparatory rumors t t are sutfered to fly about for some
days, prepare the public mind, and “ let down easy” when the an-
nouncement is m . . ,
roinors respecting the prospects of peace are confused and
cantradictor . W'ltile some persons maintain that the Emperor of
Russia has consc A to send u Plenipotentiary to the Congress at
"ienna, letters from St. Petersburg state positively that the Czar
.i sists that the religious question shall be arranged between him-
self and the Sultan, without the intervention of the other powers,
and that he reserves to himselflhc right to treat directly with the
Porte on all that relates to the Protectorate of the Greek subjects.
'A Constantinople dispatch, of date llith, mentions that the '
‘ enna Bate reac ed Constzin ‘ h, when Redchid
Pacha had an interview with t a He promised
to do his utmost for the furtherance of race at the grand Divan,
' which was to meet on the 20th, but thought that the part taken by
Persia and Russia would ren or an arrangement very difficult.
Both the Turkish Minister in Persia and the Persian Minister at
Cunstantirrbpls have quitted their posts, contrary to the advice of
the French and English Ministers. The Turks are preparing for
o . -, --
ove we hapve accounts from Vienna, 2-itb, that
opened it irect communication,
and that the Russian General, Yormolofl‘, is to command the cr-
uian fore . advices of the 2d, we also learn that the Persian
Beglcrbegs have received orders to prepare quarters for the recep-
tioii of troops. ,
The Overland Indian Mail brings confirmation that the Shah of
Persia had left Telieran with his urmy. numbering 30,000 cavalry,
with 1,000 pieces ofcannon and 3,000 camel loads ofammuriition,
to co-operate with Russia. At latest accounts the army had passed
Tabriz. The Shah had also sent an envoy to Dost ltlahommt-d, to
point out the advantages of his siding with Persia. and the
Russians. ’ t
According to the Kolner Zeizung, curious developments are
, coming to light, which indicate that Russia has long been prepar-
t ing for the present crisis. A largo expedition has been secretly
organizing under pretence of a campaign against the Khan of
' a or een years art Russian agents have been busiod
in organizing the Mongolian and lfirgt-sian hordes, supplying
them with money and arms, and teaching them to act in concert.
From this source it is asserted that Russia may obtain the aid of
200,000 irregulars, mostly horsemen, so that if war docs break out in
earnest between Russia Jntlfllt! “'estt-rn powers, the war will race
along the entire line of Europe and Asia, and the colonies of N orth-
Otlessa letters of the 8th stxitc positively that the .l.-igondib,
h-.>.ingty.gunJ;hsiar. shi ,w.-in lost at the battle of Sino
otlicial oullstins do not mention this loss. ’ ‘
of his wounds at
The Admiral Osman Parba has himself had a '
' ' angcrous state. The Turks them-
selves estimate the loss they sustained at Sinopc, iii ships, muni-
tions and treasure, at twenty millions of piastcrs.
detailed account of the niassacro of Sinope, brought by the
English frigate Retributiomcontimis the previous statementswhich
had bee ’ Turks, the unrelenting
ferocity of the victors, and the lamentable extent of the disaster
I which has occurred. Ali Boy, the captain of the friaate Navick,
finding a combat yvith a‘ Russian line-at-battle-ship hofrtlest, threw
a lighted match into his powder magazine, and blew up his own
vessel and that of the enemy. The Turkish admiral, in it small
frinate of 36 guns, only yielded to a three-dcckcr of 120, after he
had‘ ‘tied considerable damage on his oponcnl, and had himself
lost a leg in the action. No naval enga ement recorded in modern
times, has been maintained with mom ii
cording to Constantinople letters out of 4,490 Dttom
1.680-and those mostly ivoundrd-survived the battle. Many of
the slain were wantonly destroyed
action had virtually ceased, and when no dag was left dying for the
. remnant of the Turkish forces to strike, even if they had wished to
1 surrender; but the greater number fell in the deliberate diseliarae
of their duty, vindieating to the last the noblencss of their C3lt.l;i<
Conscripts are being raised in Pol.-iiitl for the army of tho Cau-
czissus, and the fleet in the Black Sea. On the night of Nov. 24,
an Dec. 8, a levy of eight out of every thousand inhabitants.
Part of the Russian army in Poland has been ordered to join
the army in Wallachia. - '
lt appears that th Moldavia-lVallachian militia, recently incor-
‘ rated with the Russian forces, cannot be trusted in the held against
the Turks. p They are therefore to be employed to do garrison duty
in the principalities. . ,
. The lllbjhlfled is a translation of the otlicial note transmitted on
’ December 5th. to Lord Strnlford and General Baraguay d’Hil-
liers zm ‘ , .
- ‘ ' . ‘ ’ 7 ,Biibl1-evvel, net. 4, 185.1.
' ' . l‘ W33 3“-“0“'l'39d‘l0 the ambassadors some days since by an elli-
‘ cial note. that Russian ships of war had been seen cruisinv in the
vicinity of Slnope. Tho steamship Taif has just arrived rrinn that
locality, and the captain reports that on Wednesday last, will
Scpheri (November 30,) three Russian three-dcckc , two two-
dcrkera. and two frigates, entered the port of Sinopc, and attacked
a division of the Itoman Hurt anrlmred therc, consisting of -in
frigate! and three corvette . .
Although the result of the action is not yet known, considering
the situation of our ships, and tho aupcriur force of the enemy, it
is resumed that a at disaster has ensued. .
rench Beets have been sent to the Bosphorus
with the sincere intention of protecting the Ottoman empire. Tin
rot-ent oecurrelicit proves sufficiently thzit it is the determination of
ltsistia to att:iek,by means of her ll:-cl, those points against which
i operations may be best directed. The impossibility, however. of
defending so vast an extent of coast, without sullicicnt force in the
Black Sea, is sufficiently obvious ; and iilthougli the Sultan‘:
government has the intention of sending hither the duet, it will be
inadequate to the object in view.
Hence this Sublime Portc considers itself under the necessity of
having recourse to the effective solioituds of the two ' d govern-
ments. This notification is made Accordingly. and, at tho narnc
time, to the ambassadors of England and Franco.
From Bucharest, 15th ult., we learn that during the three days
before, large masses of two 5 had been marchin u sscr
ivallachia, and that Prince 'ortscltakoll' had taken the command;
and at Constantinople a tcli-grapliic dispatch from Omar Paclia,
dated 8th, states that he is aivarr the intention of these move-
merits in to attack Kalafat.
' he European residents of Smyrna have collected 300,000 francs
to send to the Frank voluntccrs in th Turkish anti . T‘
Governor of Smyrna and the French Consul General have given
orders to seize all incendiary publications coming from Greece.
’ is peace party at Constantinople are using their utmost excr-
tions to get Halil Pasha into office. I .
It was very generally reported in all the principalities that an
armistice during the winter months would he a reed on. But th
would enable Russia to take the field in the spring with not much
short of 180,000. - i
‘he victories claimed by the Russians are not borne out by the
detail ofpast events. From the amiy in Asia there are no furthcr
re orta. .
li)n the llth of December, the anniversary of the birth of Maho-
mct was celebrated with very great splendor at Constantinople.
ltudsia has appointed M. de Fonton as Imperial Commissioner
in Scrvia, and has ‘van an evasive answer to the S "on com-
plaint respecting the dangerous proximity of the ex-Prince Milesch
to the Serviari frontier.
Tlis ex-Hospotlars of ltloldavia and Wollaehia, are to receive a
pension from Russia of 1,000 dueats (over $2,000) 3 month, and
the Czar undertakes to pay oil‘ Prince Ghika's debts, amounting
to 50,000 ducats. t ‘ . '
Gon. Luden has drawn back the garrisons of Ismael and Kili
which he had sent towards the Crimea, and had sent in their room
a ' ’ The Russian out-pickets are at
u. The Turks are reported to
have removed a great part of their heavy artillary from Kalafut to
Izzet Pacha, the veteran Governor of Belgrade, died on the
The London Nazca, of December 28, says :-‘Vs have the best
authority for stating that the Russian Hi h Admiral, having r
ccntly inspected the Czar’: Baltic fleet. one half ofthe ships were
at once condemned as worthless, and ' '
it wa etei-mm to ,
on contract, a number of screw lino-of-battle aliips-oi-in account
says no less than thirty ! a may possibly find some ofthese con-
tracts taken in the Clyde, or the Thames, and may softly calculate
upon a portion of the vessel: being built by the Ammctzm. But it
will take at least two years to get so large a tlcet fit for sea-ovcn
iftlio cash is forthcoming '
The Bucharest Gtzulle, of the 12th ult., contains the following
Lrrrsh annnnssso av GENERAL nvoosiio ro -rt-is cauivcii. ov
amlinrsrrariox or WALLACKIA.
- His Excellency the Aidtxde-Camp General Prince Gortschakoff,
lia.s already informed the Council of Administration tho h’ Ma.-
jcnty the Emperor had doigned, in consequence of the resignation
of tho l-lospodars of Moldavia and “'.i.llachia, to confide to me the
functions of " ' 4 F " n P‘ ‘ ' wit
the powers necessary for tho atlrriinistration of the two principali-
ties, under the superior direction of the General-in-Chief o the
intpcrial troops. Alter my arrival I considered it my duty to corn-
iuunicato to the Council ot'Administr:ition the annexed translation
of the imperial rescript with which I have b '
Majesty the Emperor. I hope that the members
and other ublic fu tionztries, conscious of the extent of their
duty, will faithfully and loyally assist me in the accomplishment
o my mission, and in my endeavors to execute in a becoming
manner the benevolent intentions of my glorious master and sove-
to announce to the Council that its Vice-President, Councillor
Clialchinsky, will immediately commence his functions, and direct
the labors of the Council according to my instructions.
‘ Bvniino '
Aid-do-Camp-Ocncrul In his Majesty the Emperor.
IMPERIAL RIISCRIP1‘ iousrssso 'ro GENERAL sunscsa.
The Ottoman Porte having declared war against Russia. and
commenced hostilities, the two l-lospodars, according to the rcport
of General Prince GortschakoB', thought proper to resign their
' uit the Priiicipalitit-s. Full of solicitude for
those Principalities, we have considered it necessary, as under for-
mer Znrilar circunistaticcs,to confide their administration to a per-
son chosen by us, and invested with the title of Commissary Ex-
traordinary and Plcntpotentiary. issary will follow the
instructions of our GEl'iel'al.-In-Cl]‘lIl‘f, Vlt]'l’licl] we have transmitted
' . ‘ ri conferring upon you t lat igh dignity, and a risin
Prince Gortschakotf of it by a special rescript, we are fuplily cong-
vinced that you will strictly conform to his instructions, and sedu-
loudly promote the welfare of the inhabitants placed under our
protection, and rovide for the wants of our troops. “'9 are per-
suadedthat tho ivan and Council of Administration of the coun-
fry. which have always actively aided the Hospodars in the admin-
istration of the country, will redouble their zeal in the present cir-
eurpstangcea, and respond to our expectations by displaying equal
activity in all the branches of tho administration. Your previous
services guarantee to us that everything will be donii according to
our wishes and for the general good. Nrcsouls.
. ‘ i ENGLAND. V ,
The Europa and City of Glasgow had arrived at Live l. , C
From England, the principal article of news is Le
r ’ T1in“c1TlzEN,'”sTT‘I7nDAY: TJ7fNiLiRY 21, 1s.%4.W””" 7' 35
On the whole, we are happy to perceive that the pear of Revo
ution ripcns space. For an Eurnpran War mean: Resolution.
nsrvxx or coiin rai.inus-ro.v re ran casisrr. , .7‘,
So faris it from the truth that Lord Palmerston rcsi ed on the
foreign policy, of the Cabinet, that we cannot doubt t 9 position
of our foreign relations at this moment is the cause of all others
vihicli chains him to the helm. He is a great master of diploma-
tic subjects ; he brings to them an extraordinary amount of poli-
tical experience, combined with great fcrlility of resource and
natural energy. He contributes to the service of tho Crown, not
only the advice he may tender to the Cabinet, but his eloquence
an popularity in Parliament, and the confidence he has obtained
from the nation. ’e may say ofliim, as Sir Robert Perl observed
in ll mciuorzible debate, with the courtesy due to a great antagonist.
that we are proud of him even while we oppose his policy. But
are these forces, are these powers, are these energies to be turned
agaiiist the service of Her May-sly‘s Government when they are
most needed a.nd most useful! In this Empire, cult: moment when
tt it about to rlaltr in luznor and to: palm an the hazards of war,
and rtllutamly to lake up arm: jar Me first time these forty year:
again: one of the gmitut Stairs in. Europe, to e ‘bit to mankind
to weak and itable spectacle of a commonwealth divided and
weakened at its very heart! '
who are so ea or to pa
are virtually the allies of that foreign enemy against whom they
launch their invective; and, in or ‘
In comparison with such
considerations as these, which must be obvious to every person of
common reflection and ordinary patriotism, the undefilcd provisions
of this or that measure of le islativo reform for the next session
of Parliament assume a secon ary importance, and this path of duty
lies, for tho present, along a. higher and more rugged track. .If
we are about to enter on the state ofvvar, of which this generation
has never known the pressure, we must prepare for the sacrifices
it imposes alike on high and low. It require: of some their live ,
of many their strength, of all large contributions to the exigencies
ofthc Stats; but above all, it requires the sacrifice of petty dif-
crt-nces, of personal motives, and of private interests, to the para-
mount rights and necessities Dflllc country. .
3 AUSTRIA 1
Tho last number of the Out Corvzspowiiimz, says 1 Vienna let-
ter of the 23d ult., contained one article, which evidently
vinccs. The erman of the original is so had an t e sentences
so inwlerably com heated, that a literal translation cannot be
given ; the following contains the pith and point of the conglom-
crzitctl atI'a.ir :-
’ “On the second day after the signature, on the 5th of Decem-
ber, of the protocol and collective note of the Vienna conference,
we openly apoko of its importance. The text of the ab
tioncd documents has been made public elsewhere, and it is con-
hrnicd that the whole of Europe ' vor-in
pacific measures alone, the restoration of peace between Russia
and the Ports, without violation of, or prejudice to, any rights for-
mcrly acquired. “’ht-n it is conaiilcre
nncicnt treaties between Russia and tho Sublime Porte, particu-
larly those of Kalnarvlji and Adrianople, is made the fundamental
condition of the uture treaty of peace, and that the Porto has
‘ ' '3 ' the obligations arising from them, every dispassion-
ate judge of the state 0 airs must share our opuiiorl, that at
particular fatality must be attached to this question if the four
were-whose limo q0icl'a ave ready arranged the fundamen-
enter into negotiations for peace, the note has been first addressed
to tho Sublime Porto. If in the face of A state ofthingl which is
not only notorious, but, so to say, ‘protocolled’ by the whole of
Europe, the foreign papers profess to know something about the
influence of secret motives, and aunt go J0 arc: to spark oft: la:
friendly or of a menacing arilion csailmrd y Austria Iolmrtia Rus-
para of the Eu! Iuu riot in the [cost rcnounud Iicr Henl-
ly rcntirrtuilalciz-nrd: lltr lit-ti neighbor, and will not oz 10
yntatmc: than infulure. On the contrary, we see in the intimate
friendship between the two great monarchs the surest guarantee
for the peace of the world, and for the conservative interests of
uro ” ‘
However jumbled together it may be, this is, no doubt, suiT-
ciciitly plain to the Emperor Nicliolaii. . .
'- PRANCE. . f
By imperial decree M. Troplong is nominated President 0
the Senate for lS54; ill. llesnard first ‘vice ijrendent or 511:; Se-
atc, and Drou .Lhuys,'Gen. nmgnpy 'lH'll,l:’?(-1 “I r
St. Jean d'Angel ,Vice Presidents: lll.l3illault, ll cnga V‘ a
an 5 Leg-islnt' for 1854, Ind MM.Schncidcr and limrlnttce
Presidents; Gt-n. Vast Viiieux and M; Hebert, “HWY!-
c se ice of the Christmas riiidnigLll'it mails was celebrated 3:
ha 1 i th 1 "lent-s by "’““"“." 0 9. ‘ .
iii: viirepftnicouri ri'ti-n.llng- 7"“ “"5”? "f "WY "5'“a'=d-
The recent reported disturbanccs at Lyons. do not seem to have
importance. lllilitary precautions were, however,
certainly had his toe shot off, but subsequent investigation proved
that he did it himself, with a view to being pin-isioncd. Rumors
lira current that some of the Emperors special friends will be
ston‘s return to oflice. Some of tho papers seem to ima inc that
this means immediate war. On the contrary, this and every other
moyt-mpcnt of British stalcsmcri,ia for the one grand object of
maintaining peace and the Funds in the meantime, there is no
further reliable news from the seat of war. Thcre is nothin
goin-v on but intrigue and humbug on the art of England-first
of A17. to neutralize France,oni‘l next, to bcfool the Turks.
Czar, on his side, is active enough; and all Asia, from the wall of
'ClIll'III to the Persian Gulf, is stirred and reused by his einisaaries
and his gold.
ln'l3ngland the Queen‘: husband is‘ growing excessively un- 8 ‘
popular. it has been discovered that the puppy ha- little dynastic
views a is own,-and that the Queen and be are favoring the
Orleans pretenders in France, the recompense to be ahandtrorne
littlo kingdom in Germany for tho Coburgs, if the plot succeed.
This makes her majesty and her husband unpopular in Englandr
and ensures them the profound enmity of Louis Napoleon. ‘
raised to higher dig:-iitics at the commencement of the new year.
1g..,,.,.-“aye MM. grsigney. Moray. and Troplo-ng, will be made
princes of the em ire, and Barocht-, Ahbatucci, and 1'-‘ould, be
iiiadc dukes. Mars al St. Amaud has been presented with the
grand crosspof the legion. ’
The Jlmlimlr publishes the receipts ofcustoms to December 1 ;
ihr-y amountml lo I‘-38,550,300 francs, exceeding by 2,20l,0‘.‘3f.
those of last year, and by 2i.i2s,:iiir. those of 1551. Thu recent
reduction of the im ort dot on iron had increased the import
from ic,sio quihtals in November. H152, to 19,856 in November,
rash. Omua import England supplied 11,000 quintall, and Bel-
m 5 r . . , .
The fine estate of Raincy, confiscated from the Prince do Join-
villn, was offered for sale at auction on the 22d ult., at the Hotel
do Ville, Versailles, There were no bidders, and was with-
drawn. The Duke do la Rochcfeucauld publishes I formal denial
that he would acce t the ollico of Senator, or an office under the
present empire. (Bren. Lello, late qucstor of the Lcgislativo A-
taken to prevent an out rsa'. The city wasquict at last ac- I
upon while it posts in rant, on the night of the 23d One man .