Vol. XL, Na. 20. Whole Nil. 557.
CUNGLUSIUN [IF lI’GllIIMAIl’S GIIEAT SPEECH.
New York Senator Makes Masterly Speech In Senate Against‘ Repeal Of The
Provision In The Panama Canal Act
Exemlltine Ccastwise Vessels-The
law As It Stands ls Unassailable From The Point Of View 0fTreaty
Obligations, American Maritime Laws And Economically-Quotes
All The Treaties With Great Britain In Full And Demon-
strates The Futility And Easelessnoss Of The English
Contention-Complete Statement 0l‘American Case.
(Eontinucd from Lilst Week.)
Mr. President, l now desire t nuke
, ow uoservationa regarding the econ-
ilinlc phases or this legislation.
For more than all yearn the. trans-
wnliliental railroads the country
used their nowcrrul lnduence and resort.
ed to e ery dal ce to prev r; can
rtrurtlon or u l h ian canal nail-
,, 5 ll water com atition hecauae
e public. X
apeac on August 15,
int, "Railroads will not wmxlete with
themselves . .
Judge Prouty and Mr. Lane, now seci
teary oi the interior, who were tor
nallr rears members ot the Interstate
commerce commission, appeared u wit-
Bessel before the lnteroceanic canals
anllnittee two years
y to secure competition I.
prevent the railroads from mlking the
I corporate Inset was to exclude
all rlllroad-controlled res
lid Congress’ not only
mitt oi the country to dispose a ir
Interests in tlleircorrlpetlng water trans-
Wmtian lines. ‘
It may he argued that proper camper
iltlon could be secured by a reasonable
regulation or rates by the Interstate
Commerce Colnlssion, but. the regula-
tion at rates can nly serve
abuses they de-
live i lloreo er, it ea
encouragement to ad pended ship-
blllidi.-rs to construct vessels to usage
or Tolls will reduce the to
EDDIE: through the Canal to a
tater transportation the greater lati-
“dv rou extend to the railroads in the
’ e 1 Toll an
t T1)’ Wu 0
vnalria the railroads tuymaka a corra-
"Wins increase in their rates.
or eight carried through
2:7 a ton will an
t that amount
Ir to cry railroad
fxlfxilllr under these circumstances era
a charge ship aubald .
gm‘ Waller use or the Pannma canal
. nu’ rts or the world, including those
hnsister Alnerlcnn Republics.
w or the British public on this
"n I;-ratlecletl In an article in the
emu” was or August 13. 1912, from
..h quote: V
riiltie: fill rcanal Ai:t1 will otter ta-
TL!‘ or torelgn-huilt tonnage to h
th American lies.
client in the
It would aeern, thetofnrer
aels. , >
I‘ [0 Flat‘? their 5hlDS under
American register. this provision is aut-
NEW YORK, MAY 16. 1914.
flrlelll to deter thorn 'rrorn doing so.
. . .
"ii the Bill becomes a law, it will
Drove little short or disastrous to Brit-
ish shine-vners. with their best. brains
and energy devoted to tnr- work, the
l.'niLed states n- ll now proreed to turn
out-vessels on a uholesalc scale. uld
airlcrl by their lrcrrion-i troru ranama
(‘anal linen there in tilt at prevent
them from entering with euccesa all
those trades in which British
relholls aliha induced us to Pmturk on
this ract undertaking. rlu-re was a
irirnr In our hlstor when Arllsrlran
‘shlplrcra handled tllreetourtha ot our
trnlrslrurtriiiorr husluess irctvvcen here
and l:'.irtlpr. but llrllish cruisers Ilkn tile
Aliilrtlmu, vvitlrldtlrlli, Ind the
Pinrirlti ll.-ctroyed our rumruer-co tlilrillg
thr Civil war and drove our nag lloitl
lil l9lIl MP carried hut 16 pm‘ I'('lIl. ot
per cent. or
I one l-nrrclslnnl
u e to the united Sintes
: one in ballast. Ollv Ame
erlran sailing vessel came ironl B.-llziilln
(('rlnlI'il.utd on Page 2.)
senator James A. o'Gorman, who is
leading the tight in the senate ior Free
Tolls in the Panama Calul. and tor the
honor or his party. M5 “"‘59‘‘‘ “’ “'9
iront more rapidly than any public man
his time. He has shown the highest
iii al problr-ms as he would
"”"‘ii.iZ..".r‘l'i..C cua l urt and M’
are his conciusio a Um I3 S
"3 a:certalnr,a. This is undouhtedi:
“aft ms su.,,,gu, to his conrluaiolls
“ t -ti
He has applied this orlucinie trues;
- 'ef the
l“ W,’ Enlxgltliyncdhltion is tllerelore
ummm train the point of "1"" 0'
:':'5f,',lla:l.e.r t e cls. It the senate
e , . ,.
verdict or 2
the united Stairs,
E“!‘“"“ "9""! t rears or a e
. g S
HON. JAMES A. O'GOF.3lAN. UNXTED STATES SEXATOR FROM NEW YORK.
the clear osrnnlexiorr and brightness of
eye that come ironr a clean lite and
plenty or outdoor exercise.
In ‘ew Yor cty
or xew York and New llorir university,
graduating with LL.B. in 1882. 0'
celved tile degree or Doctor at Larlh
lronr villa Nova Culleizc. Furdhum Unle
varsity and Georgetown University.
He was admitted to the Bar In issr,
local Central ('nIm(‘lI In New York CIL‘.
e was Prcsld-nt or the l-‘rierullg Sons
of st. Putrlrk (or one or two tvrllll.
e ha: been so lrlurh in the pllllllr‘,
eye since his election to the Setllie [hit
it is Bill! necessary to recall the chief
incident: in which he has taken I protu-
ltrant part. He voted for the nine
out ahatalrred lrorn
liotlniz tor its ratlrlculion. He can on
or the men who had most to do with
securing the nomination or Woodrow
Wilson tor the Presidency at the Balti-
more Convention In 1912. and no'nlan
vlorkcd more elecllvnly ror his elec-
tlori. Mnny thousands of Valerie in the
Northern and lirl Western states
who were inclined to bolt in that tri-
angular c most were held for the
Deluorratlt ticket through his innu-
He took a loading rluri In the passage
of tlio Underwood Tariii Bill. which hal
and Irit. his lllhrk on the history of his
Senator D'UomIan Is Also 1 memller
of the Callimiitee on Fnrslgn Relations,
Hie term will expire March 3, 1917.
hates .4 veotld er... m;llor. on
net. To . l ., unlit: ill: Act or ieanglal o( alueh g. Xi
A JOURNAL nnvornn TO THE CAUSE or IRISH INDEPENDENCE, IRISH LITERATURE am: THE INTERESTS or THE mlsn RACE.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
KN0ll’S FEIRCIBLE ARGUMENT FIIRFREETIILLS
Former Secretary Of State Who Conducted The Controversy Willi British
Foreign Secretary States The American Case With Merciless Logic And
Demolishes The Contentions Of The Advocates OT Surrender-
Leaves Not A Shred of President Wilson‘: Flea-ll‘ The United
States Has No Right To Exempt Coastwise Shipping It Is
Also Barred From Deiendine The Canal In War-its
Sovereignty lnconiestable Except By farce.
on the rrIilidiI-
their protest was met illcd. Mr. Knox
opposed the British
-‘in tlln discussion or tho Calla! Clues
E 11 [PF Pact. I00 Dlurh (‘D
ioraisu to the simple issue involvrd.
" sue arises out or one tremen-
dons tact and one hrlct Treaty atrci-tins
letting the issue, as it in ex
urcat Britain upon the subject or an is
“It is true thlt in the preamble of the
earlier Treaty. and
this they did in lla third article.
- pl'e‘sent' oontroveray arises out
or Great Eliullfs rhlllellge of our right
trorn the payment of‘ToIlo The chat-
ienge is predicated upon the claim that
by the Ha)‘-Pauuvrfnte Truly as bar-
galned away that right incident to on
dining to accept the rlenrritlon
or the nature or the Issue thus r e .
. Rlrllard Olllzy has put in
ion sentences the nature or Great Brit.
air-i‘a claim upon the C n .
'”'r a claim or Great BrltnIn.' said
'ls. In etiect. a territu
rlnlm. , The’ United SLales pohnensel
v Ind perhaps no more -
. and urea: Hriialns cl is
that the Hay-Pauncrtote Trcatr novonlr
oncunlhere that territory with ual
right: at use hy all other nations but Im-
resaea upon it e servitude hy -rlrirh
Treaty lmpnsn limitations upon
"From these premises It is easily de
(mood that the bntrlotism Ind good
n as an ear-
nest tollviriloh either side ot this dia-
puted legal question should not be cllllr
lerlged. it is 1 st as prnlseworthy to
deiend the American right to deal with
n accordance Vlllti
Ist that we should
fully tumply With our lllternltional en-
clue if we have tDnUlCt!d away
our full liberty ot uctl u.
"The President has assigned three rea.
aona why he wishes congress to repeal
the Free -rolls provision:
"First. Bernuse it violates our Treaty,
--second. laecauso it is bad economic
“Third. Because it will assist him In
handling our rureign rclatlooa.
it the drst reason is good no other
necasnry. the ilrat. reason ii not
good the other two are insumclent as
they would be it they were urged
reasons for voluntarily dividing our
sovereignty over (he Mississippi River.
"H the exemption is n l'li7lAtinn 0! (ha
reaty no man and hclieree it needs
an apology lor taroring lte rnpul. it It
does not violate the Trenty no man who
believes it duel not can Justify favoring
from A foreign Gowrnnlent.
l contlne my observations to the
ilrul. reason assign d by the President.
unmet)’. thlt the exemption Y olltel our
n any disruraiorr oi the President'-
slatenlent that the Trill: Act violates
ur Trcaty. or of sir Edward Grey's
nrure slretiht claim that our ireednm cl
ctiotl in respert to the visual is limited
ll) the May-Pslsli-:e(uLt> Treaty. it is im-
rlclrtarll in ca‘ y in mind that auclr limi-
tation must either he round In the words
or the Treaty or arise by necessary and
irresistible Illmlluatlou iron: the la
til-firing the relation at the parties to
the Treaty and in lla suinect.
"First. let us limit a- tile (acts. The
tnitcd slates vdld to Panama SM,Nll’l,-
It-in tor the zone iiseli; on here, agreed
to pay to Panama a laariy annuity oi
xzsrtnn ror eler; we r-aid to th rench
panama Canal (omrarn tit-,imir.nnc ior
its rights in inn Istllrl-ill , we are bulld-
lug the (‘anal at a total nhpendilure oi
‘Vile alone are expending the untold
millions necessary o iortrry and protect
the Canal so that sum
e or any
risk tohneried with our
‘Surely upon those tarts there arlrea
exerpises and third every other nation
in the world possesses.
"II the limitation Whkh Sll‘ EdI'l.rl‘]
Grey sayi: Ill Imposed II[I0n our freedom
' action in respect to the Carul tines
t arise lly necessary implication [rom
these farts lot It
g are round, according to the
British ronierltlon. in Article l
article a declaration by the owner or
the canal or the ternrs upon whlrh it is
to he used. There are. all mid. elx
"The Ertlt gums I privilege. the other
ohsrrving these rulcs' is the language
or the grant.
"The conditions to he ohserved set
out in these rules not odiy relate to war
blockade or exercise any act or hostility
within the Canal.
" 9 II. Shall not revictuhl or take
stores except so lar as may be strictly
necessary and shall elrect transit with
tlm lelst llosslhle delay.
‘Rule 4. s all not embark or disam-
bark troops or rnunltlone or war.
"Ru e 5. These provisions shall apply
to vutero wit in three miles or the
canal end vessels at war shall not re-
main in aurh waters longer than twenty.
“ its plant. establishment.
buildings, -l-orhs, eic., or the canal shall
be deemed A part thereof and Ihall enjoy
complete Immunity tram artaclt by 5...
llgercntr and acts calculated to impair
t air ulefulnese In part of the Canll.
‘ c rules apply to the United
language upon which
Great Erltnill relies, namely, ‘tho (‘lmal
shall he tree and open to the vessel. or
commerce and or war or all naiiona ova
(canttnued on raga 1.)