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FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
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Dime Novel and Popular Literature
Dime Novel and Popular Literature
Boston Cultivator, v. X, no. 4, Saturday Morning, January 22, 1848, [Incomplete].
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Boston Cultivator, v. X, no. 4, Saturday Morning, January 22, 1848, [Incomplete].
9 January 2014
Boston : Otis Brewer
Dime Novels and Popular Literature
lg, SIIEPIIEILDIA on BL'FFALO BERRY. This is aniiuig the most hcautirul plants! for an ornarnciital hedge, and irit lachs thorns, aniinuhi, it is like lnnstrplittlts used rer this purpose, prererred for erniiinent, or a heautirul screen, rather than rer their protection again ' The sheplierdia is perrecily hardy and well adapted to this climittcg we have secn it in a ttiiuiisliing state. uninjured by cold in the tlartlmrlt part or New England. right growth, and when cultivated as it tree rutltzlt llIt)YL'. delic te silvery leaves. This tree has the stitminlite and pistillnte organs on diircrent plants, hence they inuat he set in pairs, 12 or to reel, or it less distance apart. ttithout a pair ’lllcre u-ill be no e piatillaie tree. They rlrc a one Drlmmvnl, in a yard, cul- ui is lienutirul, and also valuahle rnrjcllies, present , sic.- wo kinds, stainiiiate and piatillnte, are easily distiiigiiished eithci by.thcir hails or leaves. The pistillate plant having huds and leaves larger and sliiner. At ernainenral gnideiis, in ttrightoii, are rare speciiueiis or tltc slieplierilin, lioth as trees and fruit; and all the fruit is on tit-atctl as trees, and the ft in lindgcs. stint-rt vii. Brinnu. “ What time in the your is the host for cutting Lrrinrs .”’ The history ofn fluid of nine acres which had ror iiiany years been greatly inrestetl ith the tall hrainble, c lotv running vnrict i, kind “lll furnish the bent question 1 um ithle to give. were used rur their eradication, nmon -e which were cutting while in hlonni, cutting in August, ploughing in autumn, ste. In the full of 1844 it was seeded down with wheat and timothy. After the crop was reuioveil it was used as u pasture for cattle nnd the hriars grew tllost luxut-iantly. They were cut close t ground in February 18-16, and a part or theiii ttgztin in June, nnd the relnnirldcr in August auccecding. This plan was highly recorn. mtanded in it lctter published in the West- ern Fitrtllcr in 13-11, hya Very intelligent and enterprising fitrtttt-r in Kentucky. inny soinetiines succeed, hut in this case the briars seeiiicil, ifut all ulrectcd by it, to he sprt:-utl iiiiire rapidly than heroic. lu sup- lt‘,lttllt'l‘ a ilnclr nrslinep, aatlicicnt in iianiber to keep the pasture short, was turned in, and in a rew weeks the ytiung -hriars were cn. tirely stripped ortheir leaves. The sheep, (or the preservation or health are frequently changed from one posture to ztuuthcr, hut always returned to the l)Ylltl’5 when young shoots heguii to appear. This course hits now been pursued roi iiearly rt year, ttnd must ofthe brinrs are entirely dh-nd tmd tht: fcw thttt yet cxhiltit symptoms of life have not been permitted to lllrow up any new ttlrnottt this yeitr. Now I would say to those ultu tltt not wish to raise their own hlitck berries, or to su ly their neighbors with thrlt excellent fruit, let your fields be seeded down with such grits: us you prefer for pasture, then let all the tall hriurs at leltst be cut and naked llllt) ltc-tips during the two years, any briars are left, X zlm willing to bear the respousibilty of having erred in ntyjutigetnent upon this question. A far. mer told me on yesterday “that he would II he took possession ofhits fitrm it was overrun with briari, but Lu he had been told that they were easily ltillud‘hy cutting thorn in the dark orthe union in Aug“. he did not think that much of: tllsudvun”59i bill The ratio or the tree is heautirul, as well -.is the plant in a hedge. it has ,not do with the scythe, aided hy the moon ttcspcetrully y-ours, r st tl)IlfY)(llS. it attainsa height of to or 12 reet, often ‘Vin-ltip’s nrier tryingit rnr several y ais he round llitljsclfithout “here he hour rt. Ilc tlton procured a [lock or sheep, and what lieeouldy waeaoon cirectcd hy his sheep. Aiintlier‘ ruriiier in this t:0IIttly,‘)'l'lI0 thinks the phi- lnsophytif rarniingit cnrttuittcd in two words‘ (h-.irdworlr,)euts his briais close to the ground us iirtea as they grow liiglt enough to admit or it. the plans suceeeils rery well. I. S. GALLOWAY. Montgomery, 0. Aug. 27,1847. Cultlvnliull or Tutaiiircu. The culture of tobacco in the valley of the Connecticut, has, within a few years, lteculnc an object of coniiidt.-rtllllc impor- ance. The variety here produced is liiiown ill tht: ntnrket as “Connecticut Seed and it usually hriiigs dnuhle the price, or innre,ar the tnllitcco grown in Virginia or Kentucky. To give a profitable crop it re. ipiires prottyricli l-.itid-though the siiudy snils, m.-inurctl at the rlitc or" ten or twenty cotnrnon two horse or on loutls per acre, produce well. with good nraiiiigt-iiiciit the usual yield is t‘rotn1,t5u0 to 2,000 pounds pcrttcre, of ntnrltctahlu tobacco, and the - eragupriee may be said to he seven to ‘Veils tutti l’uuli Lntllrop, of South Hadley, are eoitsiderahly engaged in the tehneeo culture. The rnrnierlnid sevcntcen acres the past lteusott. At the ab yield and price, whit-li it will prohnhly equal, it will give an average return til‘ $150 to $150 per acre. “With the course thnt is here pursued, to- honor) is hy no rtmltnn nn injurious crop to the sail; on the contrary it is tuuntl to he rtn ameliorating one. The liberal niuniiring Lind clcitn cultivation which it is necessary to bestow on the tobacco, tits the soil ud- ttiiruhly for other crops; nnd it is futtnd that wheat and other grttin and grass tiunrislt hcttci where tobacco rorina a part or the rotation, than where that plant is not culti- vnted. Messrs. Lnthrop mentioned un in- stance of their having put $36 worth of ma- nute on an new and a hundred rods of land, which they plnuted with tobacco. They got it ton of tobacco, which sold for $160. Then sowctl the land to wheat und got so buaheht. The next crop was hay, u gave, at two cuttings, four tons.-[Albany Cultivator. Do not keep a horse too rat, or too leuu, oirctiiiritn tiiuy be ;rI"lV'll it-t rtnitiitirct'riitu--iitiiitt size it rnt unsu-ertti the qllestittn nneii ltsked, “wlletltrr orchards ought to he plniighi-il 2" we wtlulll reply tltnt it is an nld and pret-a. l o lt;t itt tht: dew ilntl air to tht-ir rtlttlri. All(l,l‘ tttthtlli-4 view, are dds llrlvc (lll(‘lI [tern tilled riirpiitatnes, gritin,:tntl olltl-r t-r..ps,',..e..i, nt,;.t.l.ns to it-hicli thine are two strihiag ubyi.-eiinii.-; ct. deit, tl flrat,tllvy rctpiirc the light or the ruin, :utIl.iIs tvilltlot tvttll tlourlslt under tlw sltlttle tit‘, an eiperiincnt hail hi-i-ii iiiade iipnii n rnrin in snuih l- ' ' Exnrrt I ‘ on the lzrh or septeiiihei, we et..teiltli.it l hire, in Iht- grouiiigiirrnnts,‘ , some it! (‘tlIIlIlt‘l‘- ‘ tlu-pntatn crnp, hnth in rl'g‘Irtl< the fdrrl titer. and the [tIIllll(‘. “H: haw tttttt tllt- L the rtlsult or this Ptlllllls; tnttttrtttl. u t-x-‘ expat itioii “U their rnriiud nr sttt l 'l‘lielund oecitpiad hy tlli: (‘XxH‘I‘ltIl(‘lll,“'E l trch nd,secuiid,that, he-lag U.tll.tlI:lInI-5lfiIl;tn(l,tlllcttrtvclllI(‘:t<IIl'A'llItJlllallIlI:lt'Ul)P0n crops, they iiiipoverisli the soil, it lliclt i< so ‘y fitrinjuriontttnthe sip ea, htlth in rpiantity and quality, But the Jerusaletn urticliiihe, (Hrlianllttts Tul7erI75m,) which is exteiul sively cultivated on the banks uftllcllllinc,‘ l drills nttt dislztncc of thirty int-hos lJt.'l“L’i3l'l three acres, nae mntl, ..nd eiglituthrce, y r The land was itlifn in alternate l h, rirst a drill of potatoes (cups, as they are enllrd,) and their a tlrll or su-ceitirlil rather prerers the shade, and would therinyturncps; so that the potato tops in one drilli, rote thrive well under the trees; and, so fdrytlitl not conic in contact it ith these or thel rrniii exhausting the ltlnd, will, it is said, nextdrill or thcsniiiereots. The pntatiws, in either diaipialihca him ror hard labor. bearaliuiulaiitly rorten or more years in and the iurnnps thus grew together tllli ii succession, without manure, even upon poor about the ttlitltllu ufl iiiniith (l)ctoltor,) soil. It hits ltecn further stzttrd that it does l ttiltrln the ]’I0litIl>t‘5, tvlriclt llntl llI‘(‘lI par- not require tnuch tilllng after it hits once ti heen panted; rot it iso draw the tops out or the ground w hen ripe,. the reniaiuing roots hciiig su ‘e ii to pro. duce the nu.“ year‘! crops tvtthoutfrcsli setting, and thus tltz-y continue from your tol year until they die or old age. All these‘ properties iieeni tn reiider this plant suitable‘ rot orclinid., the pulling it up will open the! ground, while the ndvoidance or diggiiig, nr. l ter once set, will spare the roots ortlie trees‘ iiiany-.i wound. it also possesses the rare property or ahsnrhiiig nitrogen largely tron. the ’tl.lIlI‘nlI r l‘ l - I it,,i,n,,.,.s.,., or its thriving in well witlieut inniiure, nrtd cnitseipiently iiiiprnves the uniidition or the soil. It is planted in drills, sitttilar to polar- tecs, and, hire thein, its roots are eiiiployed fur reed rerinun and uuiinala. it has hoen observed that orchnrds, when pluughud, or. ten rapidly advance I’ a l‘t‘!I2lD ntut, and then cease to nourish, hut this is believed tu he caused hy planting the trees too near eachuther, and, by ploughing between them. hurries their routs towards each other, until their interrercncc cliceha their ruture grow in. The ehier objection to ploughing nu orchard is, that, in n hilly country, liaviug n easily carried on‘ hy water, such a soil, try kept hare and loose, vtlll, in tune, bi-cerne aensihlydiiniiiisliud, where horizttnttll rur. rows are sullicicnt to remedy the evil.- [American Agriculturist. nraittrc-ctnttt nutd. It will he of ndvitnlnge to rarriicrs, nurses, and every-hudy else, we prcauini-, to know that Sir William Burnett, oflirlglllnd has discovered it very simple liquid which has the property, when properly applied, in destroy ing the diaagrci-.ilile uud snnietiiiies dangerous rider or the ronrn.where the sick are eoniined, ns well as wliere any putrid or offensive malttlr is. It hurt been etl'o:Iu:tl1y used in the lins- lai hospital, iii the close stool or prttit-nth,’ iielt of dyseutery-in the water cloaets,niid s pools, and also in the wards wltrrc the air was tainted with purulent Bxpeclofhlltitl or discharge from acres, with the effect of immediately removing the offensive dors The substance used is merely the chloride‘ of st'iic,dissalt-ed in water. Arty chemist‘ or apothecury can prepare it easily. The method of using it, as tltlopted in the above named hos itul, i to supply the nurses with it bottle of the diluted rvlulian, nnd direct it to be used whenever ocee-ion rnuy re- lllllfe, by spriiihliug it oi er the Hours. In a concentrated state it is corrosive, but when properly diliitcd, proportion or one part to four of ttvatur, it has been up- plied to foul ulcers with great advantage, and wounds that had tleutt nnd rnurtirted parts, separating nnd iloughing olr, have been rid of their fetid odttr. It hits been made useful invsssels, where the bilge water is very ullen-ivei and it is stated that it’ applied to my putrsryirtg b y or tlesh, it arrests the ptrttgreu of pu- trcfaction. In the wounds nud some dis- snses or animals, upon the fnrln it must oftentimes be very ll5Bl.llli<[.W[lllIl8 Fur- turnlpi reniain in tht- giouuil, itnd are grow.l Iv att.icl.tul hy the prcrailing ili.-ea ly neccsstiry to wer'eiiiig up and hunt to the hlanetios -rl inarhet, where they were said at l2shil- lingi pi-r load or three liii.-liels; but the: ing t-igorouslt-. t.‘1t(‘l1 drill liaviiig new twice ‘j the accuatniaed ronin rnr lluuflilttlmlll and J grewtli. The rpiauiiiy or pntatnes prndiiceil prnicil i In be as 1.2 llt:ttl< or large. to ltmtlu ofl 5 tuiuhihud. uititruducttie. 'rttt- lllflltlltli B): we llssvu .lat.d. are still in thv ground. but trniii rliniratiuenriiti the ciiiaiiiny tieitiu-tt- 1'v<ltltlltlNl at '0 tut - e. 27:. our tun. The ylehl or can rieiatites, an an Iv:-rllr‘ or N till Itnul: lwr ttcrt‘. Ill 8 lHr‘t’- rstrr ltlltrhrtr ls. “little [lrld llntl ltcutl Ad. with [Itllntots lI('rt'I’L’: lltt: QHl.llllI- ta t wii have user. an lipids, in . cu-eev nr nrtnlllrt in int i tlItI)‘Bnr river 7 an averaie nr yt-nhi tndependentort s g i. rriniicy, we have heron practical security against the rutnre rnilure orthe potato crop, or or Inn'- iiig that riilurc iiinde up by the two crops united. ltiiuy it proper to add rhiitthc iiianure used in tltt- cultivation orthis held wnasit llltrtllrml weight nrgiiano per acre, it in -ll-ill, nrilie value ores. p r en andthat the snilis inclniiiied peat earth, 8‘:I9ll ripnlly iittriliiitahle in the separation nrthe potato drills rroiii each ether, we see no reason to itouht hut thatunder this system or husliatidry the results would he euu ally- ra- vorahle on any land suitable rnr the growth ofthcst: ' ualilc roots. The risk ttfltn tut- tritnent is very itlconsithtrnhlc; rind ue rerointitrntl its atloptiovt, to a certain t-xtent at least, in lung asilie country ah-all eurrer under the visiutlion uftlte loss of one of the inoet iniportant articles nrrnod ror the peo. ple [Lceiln Ml.-rcur r cnll Ft-can rtatii tin Emits-asst. Considerable quantities or rresh carcase park was carried to Liverpool in our pacltet ships during the past winter, and sold at u large prnrt in the rrcsh nteat niarhets urthat city. hVhy could this not be made .1 good wintur bulinell with our city butcherl, Ind such grazlers as live in it i n the railroads- The only objection to an eaten- sive business or this liintl-ice and cttld weather perriiitting-is tltc absence or the t kind of uiitnrtll to send to English mlIl(el:l. Such nieiita Ill pork, beer, nnd ntttlton, saying nothing or poultry or which up loo lend h off, the expense or rrsight is n inero nine. : have per centnge or their vnhte. But such riteiita to be prontuhle must he good-better in the heel‘ nnd tlltlltnn line Ihnn we are ac. customed to see generally in our city mar- .-i..nll,aiul 5 liiail.-nrdneny ml pDtlAlt)t's,ullltlI’i ' sold as rollaus :4 . in ioiiiiiiii i-.n.. l‘.l lmttlx til‘ small in En. httohtegss noitonlvQti”tf. No. 4. l tlieiii, and it only requires that the rarrnere adopt the host llrtrtrdx of roreign cattle and iltcep nuw plentlfully tic-attorett throughout our enuntry, to ]trt>duN: as tine andili-sirnhle ttwzlts M4 the Englitzlt tlit-mitt-Ives: can do. In Plllllt‘, the Short-Horns, the llcrcfurdl and the lti-vniis pols s all the hue qllallllt-V‘ rni railing pnrpnscsboing the best such in the l:ngli.li ...nrhi-ts; whilt: in sheep, the Suutlldtivtnn ‘Vlrlll Ihv most dESll’:llPlE rnut- tnii. Thi-y are 4'tlIIl[l:llilIIYEly plenty in the t'nited .<t..ti-s, and nteat-i-llant quality, and nlingetlier rltenper lu-ii-. than in t:iigland.- Indeed we do not linow til" l)L‘llI‘l' invest- iiiniits rnr our ranneri in tliei-tteiuive gru- itxg districts bordering on llnllronds iutd cu- nnltt, than to obtain nnimizlls Ltfthesc Hill!!- hlc hrecd. and go at once into breeding und prnpnring thein rni the English iitnrhetn- Atshznn stock, ir or the right kiltd, they may he tmnsportt-tt tn the graziors in the tugb- lmrhood ttf nnr r-itir-it tlurltlg Ihu full of tho ‘ -- , and then fed oli'fttr VAlltlL'I rnitrkct; or if equitlly covonient, hotter fed and rattenetl at hours, and in u later slaughtered and sent by railroad tn the citit-ii ror exportation. lie eaperinient or ex-piiitataiii has been tried and found successful; land there will be plenty or haycra who will eiiibarh the necessary capital and go peruiauently into tht'- liusttu‘. llut it will ht: useloss to send pnnr lialrteil i i in l;iiglaiiil. The car. casen niint he fat and in be prcfilahly red tltry must be of such ltiintl lli will take on heart kitltlly, fallen idly. and Hl’I(IW well I hct. Sucl at it round prerit, hut such too, we art: sorry to any, in not etist either in our comitoit ninerdean cattle or sheep. we niuiit resort In the best for ' hloutl, ntld their crosses on our uittlvc ate it, to .1 high degrcofurllut pttrpiise. we hnptz to see this branch or husbandry huceine extensively puraued.- [.-tnieiicait Agricttlturist. The Polinto not aa.Vit ve or vtrtrttstii. Snare y rs ago, I had an opportunity to read Gt-rard's lterhnl, (cditirtn or 1638,) vtits ttwitrt: ttfltis uasertiun, before [saw the Oxlrltct rclutive to the potato, in the lust Cultivator, that he had “received root: here- or iron. virgiiiiii." Probably lie believed an; btttvt-ry iiiipriihaliletliat he did to. lie ltaa neither natiied the person rrtlni whom, not the ytzrtr in which, lllr rt- -ivcd then-ha things scarcely to he omitted, if Ihoy had hrcn ltruugltt to him directly frumtluttcoun- tr At it time wht-n newspapers were not published to correct the idle rulnrtrs of the day, his not Ruprising that the native coun- try crthe pntaiii. idioiild he inistalteu; and however crninaiit Gerard was an n herbalist, his ignrtrrtrtco in some other ntulters, Wu wry l’I‘IlliI!l(i’Il)l0. In his account tlftihc Afri- htarigelil, most ilt Africtt of themselves, front whence we first had them, and that was when Charles the nrlh, Emperor of Rome [:1 niadc a rainous t-onaucat nt"l'ultiI." The author ttrlhc article on the Potato in thc Lllalnlly orrzntertaining Knowledge, ev- idently nii-tnnh “the wild l’ot:tto.” (.lpt'- aa Tilbrt-am.) for the eornrntin potnto.(So- Irtnum 'ritherosavi,) The would not hnvc been the case, if lleriut, hnd nlso ducriht.-d the common potato; nnd his not doing so. proves conclusively to me that the early set- tlers never found it there. Neither lnvo any orour botanists. DAVID Tnonsms. (ircatlicld, 12 mo. 20. 1546. [Albany cultivator. Kill; Hirti.-His principal food consists or bsctlea, crickets, graaal ker worms ' r nets. 1 have seen hirri rly ainoiig tbetu nnd appear to catch something; Ind luvs thereupon shot him. But on examining ' crop, i have never round any bees in ii. I think this charge against hitu is not Inboun- ' He is the most insulting ll-id‘ in I mulberry tree, that 1 ant acquainted with. But he is a noble spirited hirdi" the huh and crows can testify. I believe we ought We uiay, however readily get inta to let hlln live.-[l‘nnnsH' G-um. A =:V.i....g.-.- .. - e