On September 30,
On October 1,
Fighting on both banks of the Tigris. the
British forced the Turks to retreat toward
Bagdad. via Kut-el-Amara.
A small force had crossed the Indian fron-
tier and. after captunng nch booty, retreated
to Persian territory.
United States of America
The Anglo-French Allies, after en-
deavoring to obtain 1,000 million
dollars in America, succeeded in
negotiating a war-loan of only 500
millions at the unusually high inter-
est rate of about 7%, thus greatly
impairing Great Britain's credit.
heavy losses on the preceding days prevented
further British attacks. whereas the German
made further gains north of Loos. Renewed
French assaults east and southeast of Souchez
failed. . v
French attacks broke down east of Auberive
and northwest of Massiges ;" a French. bri-
On October 2,
gade. which had pierced the Germanilines
east of Auberive. was annihilated.
Eastern Front, U. Hindenburg:
The Dvina-Vilija Sector
A Russian position west of Dvinskj was
stormed. In violent engagements north of
Vilejka. the German front east of Lake Na-
rocz--east of Smorgen remained unshaken.
Leopold of Bavaria:
The Niemen-Oginshi Canal Sector
All enemy attacks against this strongly en-
trenched army proved futile.
v. Linsingen: The Pripct-Styr Sector,
The Teutonic Allies gained new successes on
the Kormin creek; a Russian drive at Tamo-
pol failed with heavy losses.
Italian Front: lsonzo
Italian attacks on the Tolmein bridgehead
During the last half of September. German
submarines sank more than twelve enemy
steamers in the eastern Mediterranean.
French attacks east of Auberive and north
and northeast of Le'Mesnil failed.
On October 3,
During the month of September forty-four
enemy merchantmen. with a total tonnage of
about l45,000 tons. were sunk: thirty-eight
of these by submarines.
The booty captured in September amounted
to approximately 96,000 prisoners. 37 held-
pieces, and 298 machine-guns
v. Limingen: The Pripet-Styr Sector,
A Russian fortified village. northeast of
Lusk. west of the Kormin creek. was stormed.
Heavy losses were inflicted on the enemy
German Hydroplanes damaged two British
monitors off the F ranco-Belgian frontier.
Western Front: The Argonne
The French airship "Alsace." which had
frequently raided the German lines. was
damaged and captured south of Rethel.
Eastern Front, U. Linsingen: The Pripet-
Styr Sector, Volhynia-Galicia
‘ The. Russians evacuated the western bank of‘
uthe lower Korwin creek.
.. . ' - . Greece
Although Premier Venizclos. without the
knowledge of King Constantine. had come to
an understanding with the Quadruple En-
tente. he was compelled to file his govem-
ment's protest against the breach of neutrality.
when the Entente Powers announced their
intention of landing troops at Salonica for
the protection of Serbia.
Armentie n Arras
British attempts to recapture lost positions
north of Loos failed: the Germans again im-
proved their positions.
According to a German estimate,
which was later confirmed by the
British, the English losses since Sep-
tember 25, amounted to about
A Zeppelin successfully bombarded Chalons.
According to a careful estimate by
the German General Staff, French
losses in the Champagne since Sep-
tember 25, amounted to approxi-
mately 130,000 men.
French aeroplanes shelled the neutral town of