4 A THE FATIIERLAND
starve, for the sake of an inspired principle. But
certainly we cannot permit them to suffer from sheer
cowardice; we cannot permit them to suffer if there-
by we actually turn back the wheels of civilization.
Private property is safe on land. Private property
should also be safe on sea, This is the trend of evo-
lution in international law. If we give up one of the
principles safeguarding private property on the high
seas, we take a backward step in international law.
Indefinite as that law may be, there is at least a glim-
mer of definite progress as long as the United States
upholds its traditional policy. But if we give up
that policy, we hurl law at sea back into chaos. '
The President can make his name shine forever in
the annals of mankind if, instead of surrendering one
of the hard fought privileges of civilized warfare, he
will, on the contrary, exert all his influence so that
what has merely been the policy of the United States
in the past shall be clearly written into the interna-
ional law of the future.
THE MANUFACTURE OF DUM-DUM BULLETS IN
THE UNITED STATES
[Tmz FA'rm:x<I.ANn herewith fvreseuts several fzhotographs showing the eKect.r of English dnm-dmn bullels used against Ger-
man soldiers by British troops.
We print these pictures with apologies to our readers, for we are utterly averse to the [rractice
of parading the horrors of war before their eyes. But in this instance a departure from our rule is not only justified but essen-
tial to show Americans to what barbaric practices England resorts to in waging war. All civilized nations except England use a
small-calibre bullet which makes a clean wound, wlzich disable: a combatant but does not disfigtzre or main him for life. all0".V
of these bullets are manufactured in the United States and supplied to the Allies.
lViIl Americans endorse this sort of neutrality?-En.]
of the truth.
THE German Ambassador to the United States has filed a pro-
test with the State Department a few days ago concerning the
Hagrant violation by England of the Geneva Convention and of
the Hague treaties forbidding the use of the so-called dum-dum
bullets in warfare. Such bullets, manufactured in England, by
Eley Brothers, London, as photographs in our possession clearly
indicate, were furnished to British soldiers during the mobiliza-
tion and also later at the battlefield of Mons.
The bullets delivered to the State Department which were con-
tained in the original cartridge belt (see illustration 1) were
W r-"‘?v"c!B‘;;" ‘
The Cartridges slzown on this fvltotograplt were manufactured by the
Union Metallic Cartridge Co., of Bridgeport, Court.
No. 1 sliows the regulation U. S. Army service cartridge. -
No. 2 slfauur the Dam-Dam bullets made for the British Armv, as roren
ltvtltc stamp on the bottom “L-E 303," which means “Lee-L‘nfielcl,“‘ the
British Army rifle.
No. 3-The same cartridge with the bullet split lenylliwise in order to
slmw its construction.
a-This projectile, aside from the usual crimping to hold it )irmIy in the
cartridge case, has a very much deeper caunelnre which reaches almost to
the so I lead care.
he Vhile the regulation bullet No. l is filled entirely uvith lead, No. 2 has
a harder upper: part o the core, probably eonsistin of Antimony or Bab-
bitt Il elal, telnle the ower part 60111133: entirely a soft lead.
Effect-Through the shock upon impact the upper far! of the core being
separated from the lower rart of the 50]‘! lead core by a small air spam-
receire: a setback against the latter -whiet is driven through the ‘very much
tliinner trail of the cannelure, thus giving the mushroom or umbrella afar:
will; the split jacket attached. I
According to reliable sources millions of these cartridge: have been man".
faelured and shirred to Canada or England.
is important to note that a layman is not able to distinguish this cart-
rid 1' [row the regulation one by an inspection of the outside.
' he use 0 these bullets in cirilised warfare is a flagrant violation of
The forthcoming denials are a technical czmian
handed over personally by British soldiers to the same 'p6!‘S0“
that put them at the disposal of the German Embassy. Tile”
cannot be the slightest doubt as to the identity of the bullets.
The nature of the wounds caused by the use of dum-dum bullet‘
may best be seen from some of the photographs taken by the
Military Reserve Hospital at Halle and reproduced here. (599
illustration.) All these men were wounded in combat with Eng-
From the military point of view no objection can be had to thc
use of the dum-dum bullets. VVar is waged for the purpose 0‘
<1<‘-Smlcllon; the aim is to kill or at least to disable the enemy-
Wounds from schrapncl or from grenades are not less harmful
than those from dum-dums. But what we protest against is
England's flagrant violation of the rules of international lawl
The cartridges sliouvs in H 's I t In v I" d t H: t‘-I'l’“m"'m'
My force rvluclt departed fniin ii? 0 bgtph l1i’b'll-’ oi’; min nst 3: “".d
Ian ed at Osleud August 9. he Re iment wair th Dtihe of li’elIin,tJ"’""
1"f0"frJ' Corps. The baudolier is onegtalzen from tlie ammunition bores 0f
6 above regiment, and was sliipred on the steamslxip "Lanefram‘." '7" 0
ll” ”“"-"l’0t‘l-1’ engaged in the trans ortation a men and ammunition 0f F‘'‘"’
fhe "Lancfranc‘ is owned by the amport I alt Stcaunsliip Com anv, Lxrer’;
' ' ' ' ' Vttern 17
'l"""d"m. luwiug lead inserted in nose of cart idge But the mcltel I-’”"""’
13 cal th I ' ' " '...
IyM'af 1'01"‘ 511105. malzmg them more destructne than
Rabiif ltiizhldiviixffi were manufactured by Ell)‘ Brolheri. Ld.. 25-I Grill 1 ltm