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‘ROAD TO ‘COLBILAINE, ' 119
But the introductionyoff a manufacture and enjoymexlt.
of afree trade, united with the industry’andigoo'deon‘-'
duct of its inhabitants, have rendered Coleraineinotmonly.
the second town in the county, but zrflourishing,ibeautif’
ful,’ and happypsettlement. i A l H i
Colerainegati present, isiaboutthree quarters of auinitlep
in length, ‘and is intersectedbyiseveral ‘cross streets’ : their
old townstood on the east side of M the Bann, but.Capta,in-A-'
street and the suburb of .'Killowen are , non; , ineluded ‘in.
. the precincts of tlielcity, There is an excyelleintplinen-I
trade carried on here, and it is a market, post,‘ and ;fair V
town. Before. the Union of 1800, it returned thiyopmepmg
bers to parliament ," but that privilege ceased p with. the
' enactment‘ of ‘that. measure. The,‘ family. of .'Hanger.
derive the title of Barons from this place; H . ‘ ‘I ,
About.the year 540, St.iCarbreus, la disciple of St.‘
Fivnianp of Clonard,.was.made first Bishop: of Coleraine,
To'l1i1n succeeded St. Eonall, who was Bishopplinh the. up it
time of St, Columb, the founder of, the Abbey of Derry, ‘ 3 V g ‘5.f.:3.'”;:“:‘;.;.:,3-
In 930, Ardmedius, Abbot of Coleraine, was. cruelly,
Inurlderepd by the Danes; and, in. 1171,.Manus M‘Dun-.-‘
laye plundered thisyichurch and several others. In 1213,,
Thomas hI‘Uchtry', and the Gauls of Ulster, erected, a
castle here, , for iivhich purpose they raised all the pave-I
ment, andidestroyed ievcrypaljt, of the Abbey, the church
only excepted. l J V L i I ' '
Toppytheipwesti of the town stood a monastery, called
the Monastery of the Bann, founded in the fifth century,
byithelhobleifamily of O’Cal1ans, or by the M‘Evelins.:”
In 12-1)-1., itvwasi dcdicatedvto, the Virgin Mary; and, in
J48-1, was reformed by tl1e,Doniinican‘order. In 1560,
Sir Robert Savage, "of Ulster, Kut. an excellent soldier,
' was buried here. And in 1644, this monastery was
T?’ ?">"t"vr;eg 3‘-
'‘ cu‘. 3 -