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1lA(:Ill:.RY: ISLAND. ' 79
these ‘arrangements, ‘ there is a variety of differently dis-
posed columns, . partaking of every position ‘in which
basalt has been discovered at other places. . ‘ - .
The form of Raghery Island is that of a right angle,
whose sides or legs are Kenramerand Ushet points: on
the external vertex of the right angle standsyBruce’s
Castle, and in the internal vertical is Church Bay.‘ In
the early ages of our history,‘ the proximity of Scotland
and Ireland invited .mutual predatory expeditions, to
which it certainly appears the Scotchwere more addicted
than the Irish : in these occasional petit and partial inva-
sions,.the Island of Raghery was foundvery useful,’ botl1
as a depot and a place of retreat.: In a smallplain, in
the centre of the island,‘ several tumuli were. recently
discovered ; -andiuponopening them,‘ they‘were'found' to .
contain various implements of war, brazen swords, spears,
&c. A large fibula‘, found in-one of these, .is now depo-
sited in the museum ‘of Trinity College, Dublin. T A stone
coffin was also found, inclosing a human ske1eton,,beside
which stood an earthen vesselyinlwhich a residuurnwas
deposited which appeared ‘to be of blood]: Collections
of bones were found in several. of the others. ' .
During the ‘civil wars which vdevastatedi. Scotland, .be-
tween Robert 'Bruce and Baliol, the‘-x foriner . fled’. to
lltaghery foryshelterg’ and fortifying himse1f'.‘in thecastle
which now bears his‘; surname, made a boldand success<
ful resistance to his enemies. The short time which Bruce
remained upon the island may be very fairly assigned as a
reason for his not having been the founder or builder of
the castle ; besides, in all probability, it was the existence
of this strong castle on Raghcry Island which induced the
‘exiled king to fly thither, for shelter. This is the more in-
sisted upon, as the date of the. erection of this building
heal Onto-1‘ .
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