Skip to content
FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
FALVEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY
In 2 Collections
Dime Novel and Popular Literature
Dime Novel and Popular Literature
Boston Cultivator, v. X, no. 3, Saturday Morning, January 15, 1848, [Incomplete].
Switch to old viewer
Boston Cultivator, v. X, no. 3, Saturday Morning, January 15, 1848, [Incomplete].
9 January 2014
Boston : Otis Brewer
Dime Novels and Popular Literature
0l<‘Fll7E,(22(llllJ'ltTlI MARKET STllEE' LEWIS PEAR. This valttatrtc rrrtit originated on the torn. or Mr. John Lewis, or Ruxbury, treat the close or the last century. it was lirst hrought into notice lly satna.-.l ,ttowrter, tzsrp, of t)orcltr-sttrt-, rt ho is rlistirtgaisltod ror his zeal and ilttelligctrcc in the tray or traits. Tlte tree is vigorous and g. lly hardy, and like most native varieties, it seems hctter atlap. tort togerrr.-rat orchard culture than roreiguvnrit ' . ' l'hc trrattetres generally conic out at nearly right angles with the trunk. and after hearing lluuntiftllly, the ends of the limbs hecomupcttdt!ttl0I'Wt! p'n Iti it constant and an extrcnlely great bearer, tltcreroro it should he set ill very rich and tolorahly moist tttrtnig soil, and the llttltl1Vell culttt ted else the fruit will be small, and or interior quality. rtdet this tttanagetrrent, Dr. nu. fus Kitrt.-dgc, uf l‘ortsnioutll,N. ll., raises largo and line crops, wlticll keep through the winter, and HS they arr: wanted for I151‘, he ripotts tlletll in it warm room. nulr. u,tzc gttlllzrttlly ratlrersttrall, hut nletlial ttttttcrgrtcd culture; Fonllt, ohct-ate;- suurr, stenrlcr, rptite long, curt-ed, inserted large, spread open ttitlo, ttr pale green at rrniturily, a dopnrs-stotr so srtrall as to be hardly perceptible; SKIN very Iltttk, tough, tlarlr green, “ ith clotttty pateltt-s itt aututnu, changing peeks; rutsstt ttith at slight or no tlepresrtiotr; cann- to rt ycttoytish whitish, rather coursetexturr,. l 3 l l g, with a line rictr tlavor, and slight spicy pertntac. Like most pears, the quality or this varies Very ntttoh. for the nnarket. ding to soil, loculion, culture and season. Under r- vorahlc circumstances, as to soil, culture, ‘ g, this fruit is or the (trot rpnrlity. grower, a great and cotrstant heater, and the trait or run size, and holds well to the tree, and is usually or good quality in it suitable soil, attd under good culture, it is a good pear it is in use rrotn Nov. to .lstt., and satttetitttec to March, varying accor- As it is .1 rapid ror the tlostou cttlttt-ator. Atu-it-.nttttrrtl seioneeexo. 4. continued rrotn ))rt,!G s T great rttountaiu chains which ridge and furrow the Earth's surface, cllnsi. one turd the saute rnntctial, gran c. It is of tile oldest or primary furtnatiutt, it is also one (If the ltllrdcst and most durable t‘oclts;yel a very gtcttt portion or all soils have been derived fnltn the tlitiittmgrtltiort of grztrlite. tttrclrs, originally or trrany tons weight, have hunt reduced to pehlrloss pebbles to sttrut-sartd to intpulpatrte pow. der Urrnttilo iv ccrrtposed of three rrrittorals, viL quztrlz, rclspat and mica. Quartz is the very hard tlinty part of granite it is or. ten round alone and pure, and is freqtIl‘nl- ly called rock crystal-white flint rock, &c. It is, hntvewr, of tlifll-rent ctllori-.t'l' rose, and stnchy. in its chcnrleul qtrali es it is consirlered of an acid nature. poses ntuelt the larger portion or most soils, and is ntttntt ttcarly purc in the rortn rtrtreatr. til'ul white sand ttpon the shores or sens, lattes, and tttany ponds. In agricultural chemistry, it ist l.(‘t‘mCtl silcx, or si lea. Silex (quartz) enters into the composition of all plants; were it not for this MINERAL suhstsnco,to give strength, or stamina to KW“ trees and upright plants, they would, if they could grow tvitltollt it all he trlliling plants, tttlablo to roar themselves from tilt: ground, and have as little substance ilt them, as the potato plant has, that t-egetates and grows plants, 3 is evidently essential to the anownr of plants, as it forms the skeleton for the sap vessels, and it also forms the entire skitt- (glaze) or the corn-stnIk,.thc stems of grapes-the w of wheat, and other grains, and on sortie orthc rattans and hunt. boos, there is such it hard costing as to emit sparks when struck by a that. Silex, is not fusttibln alone in the hottest sre, nor soluble in pure wttltll’, and but slightly tolullle in strong acids. But if mix- in eertnin proportions with potash or so- with silea in large quantity, and it t da,nnd subjected to a strong heat it readily rttelts and rornts the troll known salts-trtnce, glass. trtttirreol in the propottiott or one partsilex and two parts potash, it can easily he melted, and rotors tr soluhlc glass, that is, it can he readily dissolved in ooiling water like sugar or salt; in this way silex is urti- rreially rendered soluble. Nature, also, hasa way of her 0Wn, in dissolving the “wltitc that rock" to as to optire it to be taken up by the roots at‘ ptattts, tor the purpose or rorrniug thc slrctc. atll.-ctod hy the hut’! or crytsutliutlion, and in point ofsAc'r, is it petrect coating or glass; the object or this coatingitt to protect the plant llgltlsl the at- tacks of insects, and to give strength to the stem. It has heon observed, glass is only a corn- posiliun ofsilcx, or t.atgl,anrt t-adu or potaslt fussed in the hot lirtl are girls: nntttnl‘noto- ry. That, coating the stems ofgrain, grass, &c., is prulluc-ed in the soil, clterttical union ers‘ aand potash or soda. The potash and soda are derived from fel- spttr. I-‘elspur is one at‘ the constituents of "to, it is not so hard, although itgvery re-sorttblesqltartz, but it differs widely rt ‘it its chetrticat ouolrties.hcirtg tr cotttpeunrt or silux-alttnlin.'t, (clay) and potash, thcre tteing rront twelve to lttteen potashnt felspnr, that is, :iclicnl- at hy an l00ll:s. offels1llxl',crllt Oll- lhs. of poutott or tlotlrt, or some ltinds yield patltsh, othcrs code. To di- gress it little, the potash ofcomtnerce is de- rived from wood ashes-coda front the ash ,,,-,,,.,, ,,i....t...-potash and grease tntrlres suit son soda and grease hard seat). so you will perceive, they are not quite so near tttilre as six or one and hair ti dozen of the other. But they have mtmy qualities in ocrtrrnorr-tooth will unite with oils or rat- both will nentralr - citlo-and both will r lunch dissolve silox-both are allmlies. Micrt, the other constitute of granite ctmtninsslx or, revert ptr ct. orpotash. These three lttin or-1 ols as ttrirtt-rt up in our granite roetts, yield about st-.vt-.n [wr cent. of potash when and - izcd. Acids and alltillies re.-tct upolt eaelt utltt-r; the decotttpttsition, ttr rotting ttl‘ VL‘g0lzIl.ll(-3 ntattc-rs, alt tys produce earhottio and rt. . etable a s; in our forests this pron i w is going on front the rotting ortlte t.tllt-n t ileltls in solution, they not upon antltl olvctlta pot. zlsh in'tl p l nrica pottiott or the soil, and as ttuu-tt tlte larger porriott or our soils are dt-rivt-tlt'rotrt the tlisiutcgrittetl and rarely put ’ grntttte; it eonrairrr ll large atnount oi‘ pulilxll in the stones, pellltles and finer ports of the soil, The potash hcing thus liberttletl, or dissolved hy the r'tl"lKl51ll] turn acts upon and dissolves a portion ofthtr silex, and in solution they are ta the rootlets of plants, and as I llavt: already observed, try the laws or segregation, and crystaliztttion, the silcx is deposttcd upon the sttrraceor tuany plants in s ltarrt coating or glaze, and every tithe, or rap vessel in trunk and hranehes ortreos and plants, are lined with u coating of the saute material. "l‘is in this tvay, the prttrtslt, and the sandy or gritty portion we tintl lrft after burning wood, are tlerirctl Train the sail. one or the rntrst irttlispt-n.<ill.tlI: ittorgitllic constituenls'<tf' altlanrt plants, is potash.’ There is not a single plant irt the Held or the wood, the ashes of whit-.h does not conuiin it in one state or eottibittatiott, or ilnolhvr and often in very large quarrtity-so touch so, that the helieftvlts on - nlvrtnimttl that plants hart the power (lrgt'lt('t.’ltIlIIg it With- itr tlrettts-elves; ltut tnrtre rrredcrn researches h rnrrst clearly pointed out the source whence it is derived, and the nitlnncr in wllinh plants olitttilt it. I will give a few futniliar illltstrations of the solvent prcpenlos ol’ pourolr. vats fU’I4 tuhs, that lrovelong heart nsod rot leaching ashes, have the silica that titted every sap vessel orthc waort..and gave strength and solidity to it, is dissolved out by the action orthe potrrshstho woody rrhre being insotu. ble hy the alltulie is left behind, and very much resembles llttx, and it is nertrly iden. titznl with the fibre of flux and cotton Chemists have given tothis woody rthrs, the name orrctorrtrr. Paper tttulters in trtcrt. tllitctttritig paper from straw and eoltrtac g a- -, kc. take atltatttage of the solvent at rs ofthe alhalitts, pot.-tsll, soda orlinlc, to detlotnpose the silica, or hard crutting up. on the sttarv, trc. Tllrettd and yarn spurt rrorn flax, is boiled in he to tlssolve the grit. ty nlitlttzr and soncrt the threads. I.. BARTLETT. January 4th, 1848. ' u be mtrittttlrll. For the llltston Cultlvtttnr. tr I7Not 4. (Jottrlulltstl Trutrl [litre 9. Atltltlter objection to raising trait is, that the harhurian rtiglrtdeprt-.rl.rtors, which are sorry to acknowledge, will more or less tthuutld, are sure to cotritrtit havoc and rob- hery upon titetn. the mnsl vnlnnhle productions of the holds and gartleutt, lest we nttry be putloirted or them by villanour, nriucltitn ous vandals ?e Let the (needs or good order and good ttto. rale, such its have no ftnr in protecting what is their own, and what they ought to be perrnittetl to enjoy peuce.rtrl)’r see to this matter. 0 at other countries. ltrcad ltighttay leading to the city or chris- tiattin, in Norway,-n country assured hy some as ttetni-btlrbari:ttI,>- linetl side with btruutiful fruit Ire .. catr traveller enquired or a native how -it was tltnt the trees, which “'l'l’C then loaded with the richest fruit, were kept from being robbed. “In my muntry,” said he,“ll-ey would notbe safe a tingle night. ” “VVhut.l" replied the Norwegian, astonishedr “ have you no schools?" (This was a revere and cutting retlection, though not intended.)- “ Yes," said the American, moniietl, “we ltnve schools, and we have ltrtvs, out what of that 3" ow, my good reader, may not we, in. deed, well ask the question. “'1-KAT or -. ‘ish spurts, not do Boston, Massachusetts, Saturday Morning, Jttriuaxfy 15. 1843. THAT.’ Too tnarty, it lltnotbcdenied. of those tvttoto lrtrsitrt-as t tr to ltring up chit.‘ dren and youth who are under their t-lrargcl “tn the tray they should go," clttrose lo pnsgleet their duty. what it‘ we have laws ‘to protect our hard ettrttcd crops attd rtrnts,l lit‘ the relotrotts rtlltllt-ry and llt--trurtliorl at tt is liltltrztcterizl-Ll as a paltry uatrr. ltnehtrt t'mlic,Attittltt'tl atas illltttI‘('lIl, child. rlitlg tlrnpahli. noti it is ptrttrattly true ttt.rt .. l tro. ;50tttlr:lllyrlnnt-ltyynutll; yr-t, rte believe, ‘lfjuiiicu “k.'TUI1J‘llx'l'.'iliL -, not every rttltilt ‘Wtnlltl he a H :=4.llpt,' goat. , trrstrurtots and tr elttt-s oryoutlt, ptr retrts-and guardians ' . , Ilooh to it, tvlton i: is iign tl tllzltlliurttlllling ‘of an orchard has, trrarryntitrte, llcutt the ltltrestroldto that blozrdttily which tcrtnirt. latcs at the gtlrlrct,or the state prison: it y ,is ofttlore inlportance than wlt-at many may psuptposc. what cart cctttperrsate rot the ‘loss or your vatttatrle rtttits, atyatded you hy kind Provitlencts, arter much care, and ,stt-ent,attd toil to bring them to nratnritv At the very period or their he-roaring ptt ant to the eyc, and sweet and agreeable to ‘the ratio, the nrlrlaight spoiler, assassin. llike, creeps, !lll:ltl. and it-:ltehl"uI, into your enclosure, and possessittg llilttself ofthc tr trt ,he-trs it oil, and iron. rlttr tncan ,arrd cotvtirtlly aclnt ctrrcttt to his reoutulrol llcottlpunions in uniting. Let none hesitate, tthen, to pat the tour in 1'xt'l:tllian, and par. sue these rates or rapitte to t-tic-rtttity To him that. ftlcht.-ti lrottt tile my good rruit, i will gtte no qtl:trtcl': hut vtilt do nry L‘nKli‘.2n(JY that he shall he sat tell that Ill!‘ eucir tran ‘s is peculiarly 3-tine. iv v ot‘ hr st-tcetiott ttntl l"n'DXIl'lllil)Il or seed. Thc proper selection or =(!L'tl rttr era’ and root cropstlertratnlrrr touch in ion or the cclectirttt or atritnals rot prop.tgatiorr. The ptsiigrce. .-trope and ltealth is no more to he nrglncltxl in the one case than in the other. The loorte opinion that, what will not do to cat, will rtrtstrt-r to sort or plant is not well folttltlctl. The better opinion is that what will outdo to plant or suw may do to give the hogs. it the see is --ripe and real," plutrtp and pert.-cr, it will he likely to furnish it tigornns root, without which the growth will be in more danger of the C:lrKllltlllt('S oi" the season, ulld, if it shouldrettclttnatrttity, “ill ht- rroeostartly stint . The pritclice or twittering early, long.esr. ell t5t".l!1l corn front stalks is" h ml ours, or triple enrt, slrorvs the itnpnrtattce or care in this matter tooelearty to he rligltrcrt. it was this courvie pursued for at long seritls of years-a reurth or n century-tvhteh hrouglrt On! at the south the celcliratctl “B.-tdtln ‘om; ' at first only a one or tu-o cared variety, and havirtg now regularly tour to six ears on each stalk, with scltne rate in- tstltncett or even tea. The sante theory has been pursued to ctrraitr the purest hloed horses and the nest hreeds or cattle and n sheep. It was itt the satne rrtanncr-outset. lug rot the poiutsdt.-sited-tt-rst col. rttcqttesl recently trroughtutttsonte noted breeds or rows, and gave hint lite assitrattce to say,, that he could raraislt any hand or cow to with -- reasonable notice." The ttollanrtcrs, during the Tulip Monizt, car. ried their tavoted plant to the highest pcoltl or splendor rod perrcctiett, and any kind or color or pattern was produced just about as readily as a carpet with a particular tigttre could he ordered truth the toorn, or t print curiously designed from the prir.t.u-erhs The same zeal and attention to this genera law of nature, in the selection of all sorts or ooodsrltc heat iron. the host crops in every respect-vvtlt never go unretvarded. -[Essay hcrorc orange, vt.. Agricultural society. on c Inn. The subject or agriculture, in one respect to lay the least, is like that of the christian religion: while the most powerful mind: can but re-ably portrrty its benefits to the human fnmily, those of more feeble intellect may speak of its importance and be por- tttlttlrs ofill blessings. Th intlueuco of religion is felt upon the world; it. hepatit- are realized in I measure by those who are litlltlatlltlttr as ilhoomhtettir. No. 3. ‘ ttol spiritual partnkt-rs of its blessings or (‘II- gitgctl in its zttlvancement. So with the traits or the citrth; they give strengtlt and vigor to tile ltmly or Illoltitlrtdi and tans or tlrousrrrds it-ho perhaps ueve caused 14 opt-at or grass to groa, or a hladc or wheat to rltultl forth front the grbutld, Ind “ho sol-rrttttgly are uttntttttlrttl of the fact that lhl‘ tintd tl . l lteurtcllrs and the rnintettt tltltt t-lotlros tlrehorly are prtltlltttrtl lty the I:lltttr are to he rounrl , tltc clintate or the country atnt the habits or her ei ' ll‘tL‘lt' pursuits. nwu fodder." t' this principle would he ctlrriml out tlrrougltout tltt- vt1riuus‘vill.1gt>-3 and cities it. our country, irtlrtuess, the pro. genitor or rice and crirrte, would he done t y a ti tvc r-lroulll over he a prosperous eople.-[llit.lIitrdsott‘s Atltlrtss hington, Vt. Ag.So. sintrordtu Plllcldl n.'v'..;‘ For preventing tlour and mcitl rrotn satrr. tag, tttttl grain frultl heating. one or the cylinder with llt>r't7.ol.lt..vtl dingo. tthlt-lr retotte. at at trotrglt,. ghtly ittclitlt-tl. the article operated upon is spouted upon tlte upper end. “'llUt)t:l7 it tvorlrs its wily gradually to the other, trig mtmy titties over the c, i it is then discharged by a t-pout. The cylinder is heated hy srenrtr, and the mntlellstltl water is retttrnod lit the boiler; and the weight attached to the snrrty Vrtlu.‘ regulates the pressure and consequent amount orlteat. Tito r-tr it'n'cy or the ap- A'l'2ll.mlI etttt.-t<ls in the great :llnoI:nt or the ltotited sltrfal-e of cylinder altdllztnges H ltich the substance passes over, and the perfect verttilatitttl a 0 cl The other maul-tine isu atatitsttttry rtryor which is colnposod of is series of heated miles within it casing, combined with a se- ries critrgettiou.-ty devised perforated intros which atfords perfect ventilation to the grain in its passsge through the casing; nt tho l)0l.!(l7lI is .1 hoppcrantl rttgulirtling gate; the heating agent is steam, and the condensed NHEZKIII is returned to the ltuiler. It will be ohtttrtt-r-rt that in the stationary dryer no mo. tive power is necessary, or ill the use in all other machines for drying that have come IIn(ll‘t’ our notice. By theta prooeusygrnin flour, nlld meal, and other subllnnwa have their moisture expelled without change of color, quality, or ll- and when this is one Illr articles may he kept an indctiuite time iftlte usual means are adopted to keep hutnidity from them. Of the importance and ntrceuity of the application of such irk vcntlo ,uc ncetl not infuriii our reudurss-v A certain mode or ptesen-otiorr oretir trreud stntrr will generally insure as t certain min‘- ket ilt settle quarter of that world. tnzieltines is A Fr:MItt.u F.mlsu:ls.e econd prentitnu for the beat cultivated farm in Lilchlield Co. CL, was Awarded ch: pint season to Mrs. Vesta Hutwl-tins, of “'ater. town. The farm contains l60nct'ol. It has heeu under Mrs. H.’s management for the last ten years. The committee of enminI- tion say “ It is tried the present sent. on into ttlt-enty.two lens or meadow, three and is half of corn, sixofonls, onannd 1 hall‘ of rye, two oi’ buckwheat, 3 half acre of potatoes, seven aorta of woodrllnd, and the reridue or pasture land. The produce or the form for the present soulou is oslirntaled is (allows: my tone or hay, two hundred any bushels or potatoes. on ittliis season eonaim oftweuty Iix hand itrclrtdirtgrir eslvet rtritertrhn souott, two homes turd t‘ttty.atrt sheep. This rsrtn is conveniently laid out inroumnll tiolrls, the fences mollly or rails, in in good repair, rod together with the build‘ , p-not-its a neat turd tidy appsttrrtnee.--[Aloutry ctilttu. tbr. ........,.,...................s-w , A swarm of bees cont: u from ten trimar- srnnd to twenty thousand in n lnlllnl mm, and from twenty thottund to tin-ty thousand